How to obtain the program name in a Windows-based application and in a Win32-based application

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SUMMARY
MS-DOS applications written in C generally use main() for the entry point. The command line can be obtained from the argv parameter of main(). In particular, the program name is pointed to by argv[0].

There is a similar mechanism that can be used from Windows-based and Win32-based applications.
MORE INFORMATION
Windows-based and Win32-based application use WinMain() as the entry point. WinMain() has the lpszCmdLine parameter for the command line arguments, but this parameter does not include the program name. However, you can still get to the program name through the variable __argv.

In a 32-bit application you can just reference __argv directly. It is declared in stdlib.h

In a 16-bit application, __argv is not declared and you will need to declare it. Include the following declaration in your source or header file.
   #ifdef __cplusplus   extern "C"   #endif   extern char ** __argv;					
To test this out, you can view __argv[0] by including the following line in your application.
   MessageBox( NULL, __argv[0], "__argv[0]", MB_OK );					
Note argv[0] will contain a pointer to the program name as it was executed from the command line or Program Manager: either qualified or unqualified.
REFERENCES
The Windows 3.1 SDK "Guide to Programming," section 14.3.
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Article ID: 126571 - Last Review: 02/27/2014 10:17:35 - Revision: 3.0

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