This article was previously published under Q130053
Hangeul (Korean) Windows supports the KSC5601-1987 code set, which consistsof several thousands Hangeul characters. The Hangeul Windows IME (InputMethod Editor) allows the user to enter Hangeul Jamos (24 basic componentsof Hangeul characters), compose the final characters, and send them toapplications.
When running Hangeul Windows, you will see a small window with threebuttons in the lower-left corner:
The left button toggles between the Roman "A" character and the Korean character that is pronounced "GA," which Windows uses to symbolize Korean characters.
The center button is a graphic of a half box or full box, which selects SBCS or DBCS storage (or display) of Roman (but not Hangeul) characters. Hangeul characters always take up a double-byte space, unlike some Japanese characters (katakana).
The right button is the "Hangeul to Hanja" converter.
You can type in English by having the Roman toggle selected. To try typingHangeul, the main thing to remember is that there is no apparent logicalconnection between the US 101 keyboard and what the you end up typing.To type like a pro, you need Korean keycaps, a cheat sheet, or a lot ofmemory in your brain.
For example, to type the word "Hangeul" type these characters:
(Please ignore the spaces between the two characters.) Notice how eachgroup of three keyboard characters assemble a single Hangeul character.Hangeul is often made up of three components (called "Jamos"), butcharacters can actually be composed of from two to several Jamos.
Here is how to type "Seoul, Korea." Seoul is pronounced locally "sa-ul,"so try typing these characters:
TJ DNF ZH FL DK
(Please ignore the spaces between the characters.) The word "Korea" is nota Korean name; it is the English equivalent, just as Japan is reallyNippon. The word "Korea" in Korean is "Han-guk," so "Seoul, Hanguk" wouldbe:
TJD NF GKS RNR
The reason to try "Hanguk" instead of "Korea" is that Hanguk can also bespelled with Chinese characters. Put the mouse pointer (cursor) on the leftedge of "Han" and click the "Hangeul to Hanja" button. A list box appears.Select choice #1 by typing 1 or by selecting it with the mouse. Do the samefor the next character, again selecting choice #1. Then it will displayin Hanja.
Most Korean text is in Hangeul not Hanja, notice the 3.1-H readme is allHangeul. Hanja is still used in Korea - sometimes.