This article was previously published under Q131583
This article has been archived. It is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.
Advanced: Requires expert coding, interoperability, and multiuser skills.
This article shows you how to merge the current record in a MicrosoftAccess 7.0 and 97 object into a Microsoft Word 97 document, print it, andthen close Microsoft Word 97.
This article assumes that you are familiar with Visual Basic forApplications and with creating Microsoft Access applications using theprogramming tools provided with Microsoft Access. For more informationabout Visual Basic for Applications, please refer to your version of the"Building Applications with Microsoft Access" manual.
Microsoft Word 97 uses the Visual Basic for Applications programming modelinstead of the WordBasic flat command model used in earlier versions.
For information about how to send the current record to Microsoft Wordversion 7.0 or earlier using WordBasic, please see the following article inthe Microsoft Knowledge Base:
124862ACC: Sending the Current Record to Word with OLE Automation
The following example uses bookmarks in a Microsoft Word 97 document tomark the locations where you want to place data from a record on aMicrosoft Access form.
Creating a Microsoft Word 97 Document
Start Microsoft Word 97 and create the following new document:
First Last Address City, Region, PostalCode
Northwind Traders would like to thank you for your employment during the past year. Below you will find your photo. If this is not your most current picture, please let us know.
Create a bookmark in Microsoft Word 97 for the words "First," "Last," "Address," "City," "Region," "PostalCode," "Greeting," and "Photo":
Select the word "First."
On the Insert menu, click Bookmark.
In the Bookmark Name box, type "First," (without the quotation marks) and then click Add.
Repeat steps 2a through 2c for each of the remaining words, substituting that word for the word "First" in steps 2a and 2c.
Save the document as C:\My Documents\MyMerge.doc, and then quit Microsoft Word 97.
Sending Data to Microsoft Word from a Microsoft Access Form
Start Microsoft Access and open the sample database Northwind.mdb.
Set a reference to the Microsoft Word 8.0 Object Library. To do so, follow these steps:
Open any module in Design view.
On the Tools menu, click References.
Click Microsoft Word 8.0 Object Library in the Available References box. If that selection does not appear, browse for Msword8.olb, which installs by default in the C:\Program Files\Microsoft Office\Office folder.
Close the module.
Open the Employees form in Design view.
Add a command button to the form and set the following properties:
Command Button: Name: MergeButton Caption: Send to Word OnClick: [Event Procedure]
Set the OnClick property of the command button to the following event procedure.
NOTE: In the following sample code, you must remove the comment from one line of code as indicated, depending on your version of Microsoft Access.
Private Sub MergeButton_Click() On Error GoTo MergeButton_Err Dim objWord As Word.Application ' Copy the Photo control on the Employees form. DoCmd.GoToControl "Photo" ' Remove the following comment in Microsoft Access 97. ' DoCmd.RunCommand acCmdCopy ' Remove the following comment in Microsoft Access 7.0. ' DoCmd.DoMenuItem acFormBar, acEditMenu, acCopy, , acMenuVer70 ' Start Microsoft Word 97. Set objWord = CreateObject("Word.Application") With objWord ' Make the application visible. .Visible = True ' Open the document. .Documents.Open ("c:\my documents\mymerge.doc") ' Move to each bookmark and insert text from the form. .ActiveDocument.Bookmarks("First").Select .Selection.Text = (CStr(Forms!Employees!FirstName)) .ActiveDocument.Bookmarks("Last").Select .Selection.Text = (CStr(Forms!Employees!LastName)) .ActiveDocument.Bookmarks("Address").Select .Selection.Text = (CStr(Forms!Employees!Address)) .ActiveDocument.Bookmarks("City").Select .Selection.Text = (CStr(Forms!Employees!City)) .ActiveDocument.Bookmarks("Region").Select .Selection.Text = (CStr(Forms!Employees!Region)) .ActiveDocument.Bookmarks("PostalCode").Select .Selection.Text = (CStr(Forms!Employees!PostalCode)) .ActiveDocument.Bookmarks("Greeting").Select .Selection.Text = (CStr(Forms!Employees!FirstName)) ' Paste the photo. .ActiveDocument.Bookmarks("Photo").Select .Selection.Paste End With ' Print the document in the foreground so Microsoft Word 97 ' will not close until the document finishes printing. objWord.ActiveDocument.PrintOut Background:=False ' Close the document without saving changes. objWord.ActiveDocument.Close SaveChanges:=wdDoNotSaveChanges ' Quit Microsoft Word 97 and release the object variable. objWord.Quit Set objWord = Nothing Exit Sub MergeButton_Err: ' If a field on the form is empty ' remove the bookmark text and continue. If Err.Number = 94 Then objWord.Selection.Text = "" Resume Next ' If the Photo field is empty. ElseIf Err.Number = 2046 Then MsgBox "Please add a photo to this record and try again." Else MsgBox Err.Number & vbCr & Err.Description End If Exit Sub End Sub
Save the Employees form and open it in Form view.
Click the Send To Word button to start Microsoft Word 97, merge data from the current record on the form into MyMerge.doc, print the document, and then close Microsoft Word 97.
NOTE: When you use this method of inserting text into a Word Document, youare deleting the bookmark when you insert the record field content. Ifyou need to reference the text that you entered into the document, youmust bookmark it. You can use the following sample to add the bookmark "Last" to the text inserted from record field "LastName."
.ActiveDocument.Bookmarks("Last").Select .Selection.Text = (CStr(Forms!Employees!LastName)) 'add this line to reapply the bookmark name to the selection .ActiveDocument.Bookmarks.Add Name:="Last",Range:=Selection.Range
This macro could be used to simulate a mailmerge with Word that includesthe picture field from an Access record, by placing the above code ina "For...Next", While...Wend, or "For...Each" Loop.
For additional information about Automation theory and multiple examples on automating all the Office 97 products, click the article number below to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
167223 OFF97: Microsoft Office 97 Automation Help File Available
For additional information about Automation between Microsoft Access 97 andMicrosoft Word, search the Help Index for "sharing data betweenapplications, Microsoft Word mail merge data."
For additional information about Automation between Microsoft Access 7.0 and Microsoft Word, search the Help Index for "Word (Microsoft), sharing data."
For additional information about bookmarks, search the Microsoft Word 97 Help Index for "bookmarks," or ask the Microsoft Word 97 Office Assistant.