This article was previously published under Q135390
Retired KB Content Disclaimer
This article was written about products for which Microsoft no longer offers support. Therefore, this article is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.
When you activate a workbook with a Visual Basic for Applicationsprocedure, the workbook must first be open. If the workbook is closed, youwill receive one of the following error messages:
Run-time error '1004': Workbook method of Application class failed
- or -
Run-time error '9': Subscript out of range
The Visual Basic procedure in the "More Information" section of thisarticle will activate Book2.xls if it is already open, or it will open andactivate Book2.xls if it is closed.
Microsoft provides programming examples for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied. This includes, but is not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. This article assumes that you are familiar with the programming language that is being demonstrated and with the tools that are used to create and to debug procedures. Microsoft support engineers can help explain the functionality of a particular procedure, but they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality or construct procedures to meet your specific requirements. Insert a module sheet and enter the following code:
Sub ActivateSheet() On Error GoTo ErrorHandler Workbooks("Book2.xls").Activate 'The following line will halt the macro before the error handler 'is reached. Exit Sub ErrorHandler: Workbooks.Open filename:="Book2.xls" End Sub
For information about how to do this in Microsoft Excel versions 4.0 andearlier (or for information about how do this with the Microsoft Excelversion 4.0 macro language), please see the following article in theMicrosoft Knowledge Base:
74694 Macro to Open or Activate a Sheet in Microsoft Excel