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Windows 95 Tips.txt File Contents

This article was previously published under Q135893
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This article was written about products for which Microsoft no longer offers support. Therefore, this article is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.
SUMMARY
This article contains a copy of the information in the Tips.txt fileincluded with Windows 95. Setup copies this file to the Windows folder.
MORE INFORMATION
----------------------------------------------------------------------          Microsoft Windows 95 README for Tips and Tricks                               August 1995----------------------------------------------------------------------                (c) Copyright Microsoft Corporation, 1995This document provides complementary or late-breaking information tosupplement the Microsoft Windows 95 documentation.------------------------How to Use This Document------------------------To view Tips.txt on screen in Notepad, maximize the Notepad window.To print Tips.txt, open it in Notepad or another word processor,and then use the Print command on the File menu.Contents--------MS-DOS Command PromptCut, Copy, Paste, Drag and DropFile OperationsFolders and Windows ExplorerHardware ProfilesKeyboard ShortcutsMobile ComputingMultimedia and SoundNetworkRun Dialog BoxStart MenuTaskbarSystem ToolsWindow ManagementMiscellaneous Tips and TricksNote: You can find other tips besides those in this readme in the Help      Contents, under "Tips and Tricks."MS-DOS Command Prompt---------------------[Visual Display of Directory from Command Prompt]If you are at a command prompt and want a visual display of adirectory (folder), type "start .", or "start .." and an open folderof that directory appears on the desktop.[Drag and Drop Filenames to Command Prompt]You can drag file and folder icons from the desktop or a folder to anMS-DOS command prompt. The filename is then in the keyboard bufferof the running MS-DOS-based application.[Copy/Paste Information From/To Command Prompt]Activate the toolbar in the MS-DOS-based program window to gain point-and-click access to copy, cut, and paste operations from a Windows-based program to an MS-DOS-based program. For example, copy a folderoutput on the screen, and then paste it into mail.[Starting Windows-Based Programs from a Command Prompt]You can start Windows-based programs from a command prompt by typingthe name of the program you want to run, and then specifying anyparameters as needed. For example, to start Notepad, type "notepad" atthe command prompt, and then press Enter. You can also start Windows-based programs in batch files.You can also use the Start command to start a program or open adocument.For example: C:>start Docname.ext).[Command.pif]If you set the properties for an MS-DOS prompt the wrong way, and youcan't open an MS-DOS window, go into the PIF directory and editCommand.pif, or find Command.com and edit the properties there.[DOSKEY]If you want to use DOSKEY in an MS-DOS window without loading it inAutoexec.bat or creating a startup batch script, you can go to theProgram properties and enter doskey as the startup batch file. If youdecide later that you want to have a real startup batch file, simplymove DOSKEY into this batch file.[Directory Shortcuts]Related directories have the following shortcuts:. = current directory.. = parent directory... = parent directory once removed directory (new in Windows 95).... = parent directory twice removed (new in Windows 95)For example, if you are in the C:\Windows\System\Viewers directory,and you enter cd... at the command prompt, the directory changes toC:\.[Command Line Parameters]Add a "?" to the command line of MS-DOS programs, and you will beprompted to add parameters when you start the program. This isespecially useful with MS-DOS program shortcuts.[Easy Disk Copy From the Desktop]Create a shortcut on the desktop with diskcopy a: a: at the commandprompt to copy a disk (substitute b: to use b: drive).Cut, Copy, Paste, Drag and Drop------------------------------[Drag and Drop]To move an object, use the left mouse button to drag the object fromone folder to another on the same drive. Use Shift+Left-drag to forcea move.To copy an object, use the left mouse button to drag the object fromone folder to another on a different drive. Use CTRL+Left+drag toforce a copy.To create a shortcut to an executable, use the left mouse button todrag an executable file to a new folder.Use the right mouse button to drag an object from one folder toanother, and then select 'Create Shortcut(s) Here' to create ashortcut to that object. The icon annotations indicate whatwill happen: a plus sign for copy, an arrow for a shortcut, and nosymbol for a move. Press ESC while you are dragging the object tocancel the action.To create document shortcuts: Right drag a selection from an OLEdocument (for example, Word 95) onto the Desktop or folder, and thenselect "Create Document Shortcut Here." This document shortcut willopen the original document at the place in the document that theshortcut originated.To create document scraps: Use the left mouse button to drag aselection from an OLE document (for example, Word 95) onto the desktopor folder to create a scrap (a scrap is an OLE object that containsthe selection). Drop the scrap onto another document or back onto theoriginal document to insert or render it (whichever is mostappropriate).[Right Drag and Drop]Right drag and drop works like left drag and drop except that a menuis displayed when you drop the object. The menu for folders displaysthese commands: Move Here, Copy Here, Create Shortcut(s) Here. Themenu for OLE objects includes:  Create Scrap Here, Move Scrap Here,Create Document Shortcut Here).[Drag to the Taskbar]You can drag objects from one open document to another open document(one covering the other) by dragging the object to the target'staskbar, waiting until the target window is displayed, and thendragging the object onto the target window.File Operations----------------[Creating a New File]Create a new file by using the right mouse button to click the desktopor folder, point to New, and then click the type of file you want tocreate from the list.[Create a New Folder While Saving a File]When using the Save As command to save a file, you can also create anew folder in which to store the file. Use the right mouse button toclickthe dialog box list, point to New, and then click Folder. Double-click the new folder to open it, and then continue the save process.[Deleting Files Without Moving them to Recycle Bin]Select the file or files to be deleted. Use the right mouse button toclickthe selection, and then hold down the Shift key and click Delete(or hold down the Shift key when pressing the Delete key if using thekeyboard).[Copying and Moving Files]Use the right mouse button to click the files you want to copy ormove, and then click Copy or Cut. Open the destination location, andthen click the right mouse button and select Paste.Folders and Windows Explorer----------------------------[Selecting Multiple Files]Selecting multiple files in large icon view works differently fromlist view. To extend a selection, click the first icon, and then holddown the Shift key while you click the last icon to be selected. Tochange an icon from selected to unselected, hold down the CTRL keywhile you select the icon.[Keyboard Shortcuts]* Press Win+E to start Windows Explorer by pointing to 'My Computer' (on Microsoft Natural Keyboard).* Press Backspace to display the parent folder.* To select all files is a folder, press CTRL+A.* Press F5 to update the contents list.[Special Folders]You can put the contents of Control Panel or other special folders onyour Start menu (or in any folder). Create a folder by clicking New onthe File menu, and then clicking Folder. Then, paste in theappropriate name  as shown below:For                Use This Name----------------------------------------------Control Panel      Control Panel.{21EC2020-3AEA-1069-A2DD-08002B30309D}Dial Up Network   Dial Up Net.{992CFFA0-F557-101A-88EC-00DD010CCC48}Printers           Printers.{2227A280-3AEA-1069-A2DE-08002B30309D}[Windows Explorer Switches]Windows Explorer switches are useful in creating rooted folders:     Explorer [/e][,/root,<object>][[,/select],<sub object>]/e   Use Explorer view (scope and results pane view). The default is   Open view (results in pane view only)./root<object>   Specify the object in the "normal" name space that is   used as the root (top level) of this Explorer/Folder (i.e., local   path or UNC name). The default is the Desktop)./Select   The parent folder opens and the specified object is selected.   <sub object>   Specify the folder unless /select is used. The   default is the root.Examples:Explorer /e, /root, \\Reports         opens an Explorer window at \\Reports.         Explorer /select, C:\Windows\Calc.exe         opens a folder at C:\Windows (or activates one that is         currently open) and selects Calc.exe.         Explorer/e,/root,\\Source\Internal\Design\Users\David\Archive         opens a folder to the Archive folder above. This is a good         way to create a dedicated, remote, documents archive         folder. A link to this folder (\\Source\Internal\Design\          Users\David\Archive) can then be placed in the SendTo folder         for quick routing of documents.Hardware Profiles------------------Hardware Profiles are used to set up multiple hardware configurations.This is especially useful for laptops that have docking stations orworkstations with removable storage media.The following example demonstrates how to set up hardware profiles fora laptop with a docking station that has this configuration:Configuration      Docked         Undocked---------------------------------------------------------Display driver        S3                  VGANetwork             w/Microsoft Network NoneRNA                 no RNA              with RNA[Open Systems Properties:]1. Use the right mouse button to click the My Computer icon.2. Click Properties, and then click the Hardware Profiles tab.3. Verify that two hardware profile options labeled Docked and   Undocked exist. If these options are not available, highlight   Original Configuration, and then click Rename. Type DOCKED and then   click OK. Highlight the word DOCKED and then click Copy. In the   Copy Profile Dialog Box type UNDOCKED.[To Set Up the Video Driver for Docked and Undocked Configurations]First, verify that VGA is installed. If it is not installed, double-click the Display icon in Control Panel. Click the Settings tab, andthen click Change Display Type. In the Adapter Type area, clickChange, and then  install the VGA driver.1. In Control Panel, double-click the System icon, and then click the   Device Manager tab.2. Double-click Display Adapter, and then double-click VGA.3. In the Device Usage area, make sure Undocked is checked and Docked   is unchecked. Click OK.4. In the Device Manager tab, double-click Display Adapter, and then   double-click the S3 adapter.5. In the Device Usage area, make sure the Docked option is checked   and the Undocked option is unchecked.6. Click OK to exit Device Manager.[To Set Up for No Network in an Undocked State]1. In Control Panel, double-click the System icon, and then click the   Device Manager tab.2. Double-click Network Adapter, and then double-click the network   card.3. In the Device Usage area of the General tab, remove the check mark   from the Undocked option. Click OK, and then return to Device   Manager.[To set up for no RNA while docked]1. Repeat Step 1.2. Double-click the Dial-up Networking adapter. Remove the check mark   for the Docked option.Keyboard Shortcut Keys----------------------[Hot and Other Keys]*General folder / Windows Explorer shortcuts for a selected object:Keys                  Action-----------------------------------------------------------------F2                  RenameF3                  FindCTRL+X, C, or V     Cut, Copy, or PasteSHIFT+DELETE        Delete immediately without putting the file                    in Recycle BinALT+ENTER           PropertiesALT+double-click    PropertiesCTRL+right-click    Put alternative verbs on the context menu                    (Open With)SHIFT+double-click   Explore the object if it has an Explore                    commandCTRL+drag a fileto a folder         Copy a fileCTRL+SHIFT+drag afile to the desktopor a folder         Create a shortcutCTRL+ESC,ESC,TAB,SHIFT+F10             Open taskbar properties[General control over folders/Windows Explorer]F4 (Explorer)        Displays the combo boxF5                  RefreshF6                  Switches between panes in Windows ExplorerCTRL+G(WindowsExplorer)             GotoCTRL+Z              UndoCTRL+A              Select allBACKSPACE           Goes to the parent folderSHIFT+<close>       Closes this folder and all its parent folders[In Windows Explorer]Num*                  Expands everything under selectionNum-                Expands selectionNum+ or Right arrow Collapses selectionRight arrow         Expands current selection if it's collapsed;                    otherwise goes to the first child.Left arrow          Collapses current selection if it's expanded;                    otherwise goes to the parent[In Properties]CTRL+TAB orCTRL+SHIFT+TAB      Switches between Properties tabs[In Open/Save Common Dialog Boxes]F4                  Drop down the location listF5                  Refresh the viewBackspace           Go to parent folder if focus is on view window[General Keyboard-Only Commands]F1                  HelpF10                 Goes to menu modeSHIFT+F10           Context menu for selected itemCTRL+ESC            Brings up Start menuCTRL+ESC, ESC       Focus on the Start buttonSHIFT+F10           Context menuALT+TAB             Switch to the running programSHIFT whileinserting CD        Bypasses auto-runAlt+M when focusis on taskbar       Minimizes all windows[Accessibility Shortcuts]Tap SHIFT 5 times   Toggles StickyKeys on/offHold down RightSHIFT for 8 seconds Toggles FilterKeys on/offHold down NumLockfor 5 seconds       Toggles ToggleKeys on/offLeft ALT+LEFT+SHIFT+NumLock            Toggles MouseKeys on/offLeft ALT+LEFT+SHIFT+PrintScreen        Toggles HighContrast on/off[MS Natural Keyboard]Win+R               Run dialogWin+M               Minimize AllShift-Win+M         Undo Minimize AllWin+F1              Windows HelpWin+E               ExplorerWin+F               Find Files or FoldersCTRL+Win+F          Find ComputerWin+Tab             Cycle through taskbar buttonsWin+Break           PSS Hotkey... (System properties)Mobile Computing-----------------[Automatic Synchronizing of Files on Laptop]If you have files that you want to keep synchronized between yourportable, your office desktop, and your home computer, you shouldcreate Briefcases on both your desktop computers, and then keep thefiles on your portable. Drag the documents from your portable to theBriefcase on each desktop computer. Then, each time you connect yourportable to a docking station, the Briefcase on the desktop computersynchronizes the files.[Creating a Second Undocked Configuration]To create a second, undocked configuration for your portable (forexample, one configuration has a printer and the other does not),follow these steps:1. Make sure your computer is in the configuration you want, and then   use the right mouse button to click the My Computer icon.2. Click Properties, and then click the Configuration tab.3. Select the undocked configuration, and then choose Copy.4. Select the new configuration and give it a unique name.5. Go to Device Manager and click Refresh. This will re-enumerate all   the hardware devices on your system and build the new   configuration.[Viewing Remaining Battery Life of Laptop]For computers with APM functionality, click the Battery icon on thetaskbar to view a detailed battery meter.Multimedia and Sound---------------------To remove Auto Run when an audio CD is inserted, hold down the Shiftkey when you insert the CD-ROM, or make the following changes:1. Open a folder (for example, My Computer).2. On the View menu, click Options, and then click File Types.3. Click AudioCD, and then click Edit.4. In the Action list, click Play.5. Click Set Default to turn off Auto Run.Note: If the Play command is bold, the CD will play when it isinserted, if Play is not bold, it will not.[Opening the Media Player From an AVI]When an AVI file is playing, you can open Media Player by double-clicking the title bar of the AVI. Double-click the Media Player titlebar to exit.[Master Volume Icon]You can put a master volume control on the taskbar by following thesesteps:1. In Control Panel, double-click the Multimedia icon.2. Click the Audio tab, and then click Show Volume Control on the   taskbar.3. Click the volume (speaker) icon on the taskbar to open the master   volume control. Double-click the volume (speaker) icon to open   Volume Control.[Cache Size for CD-ROMs]You can set the cache size for CD-ROMs via the System icon in ControlPanel.1. Double click the System icon in Control Panel, and then click the   Performance tab.2. Click File System to view the CD-ROM optimization control.[Assigning Sounds to Events]To assign sounds to events, double-click the Sounds icon in ControlPanel.Network-------[Hints]Instead of connecting a drive letter to a network share, put shortcutsto those shares on your desktop or Start menu (for example, add ashortcut to \\documents\user\dave instead of redirecting this share todrive Z). This way, network shares are only connected when needed.If you work in a group, you may want to keep a folder on a publicserver for shortcuts to useful network locations. Interestedindividuals can keep a shortcut to this folder on their desktop forquick access.[Searching for a File on a Remote Server]1. Click the Start button, point to Find, and then click Files or   Folders.2. Enter the file name in the Named box.3. Enter the path in the Look In box, and then press Enter.[Easy Access to Network Information]Add shortcuts to network locations in Network Neighborhood. They'llstay there when you're logged off the network and will cascade toDial-Up Networking features as long as they are installed.[Easy Connection to a Network Server/Share]Click the Start button, click Run, and then enter the UNC path. Forexample, entering \\server will open a window showing shared resourcesfor the computer named server. Entering \\server\share\direct opensthe folder named direct on the \\server\share share point.[Easy Access to Network Properties]Use the right mouse button to click Network Neighborhood to viewnetwork properties.Run Dialog Box---------------[Via the Keyboard]Press CTRL+ESC+R to open the Run dialog box.On a Microsoft Natural Keyboard, press Win+R to open the Run dialogbox.[Opening a Folder Anywhere From the Run Dialog Box]To open a folder, enter its local path or UNC path. For example,entering C:\Windows\System will open the System folder.Entering \\server\share\direct will open a folder pointing to thedirect folder on the \\server\share share point.[Running a Program]You can run a program from within any folder by opening that folderand then clicking Run from the Start Menu.Start menu-----------[Keyboard Shortcuts]Press CTRL+ESC to display the Start menu.On a Microsoft Natural Keyboard, press a Win key to display the Startmenu.[Adding items to the Start Menu]Drag an object (a folder, shortcut, program, or document) onto theStart menu to add it to the top of the Start menu. If the object is afolder, the folder contents is displayed when you point to that menuitem.[Modifying Start Menu Items]Use the right mouse button to click the Start menu, and then selectOpen or Explore to view and modify its contents.[Quick Access to Start Menu Items]You can quickly open programs at the top of the Start menu bynumbering the icons (rename them with a number before the name). Then,press CTRL+ESC followed by the number to start those programs.[Emptying the Documents menu]1. Click the Start menu, point to Settings, and then click Taskbar.2. Click the Start Menu Programs tab, and then click Clear.Taskbar-------[Taskbar Background]To open the taskbar's context menu when the taskbar is full, move themouse pointer to the edge of the taskbar, and then use the right mousebutton to click the taskbar. You can also do this to drag the taskbar.[Hiding the Taskbar]1. Use the right mouse button to click the Start button, and then   click Properties.2. Click the Taskbar Options tab, and then click Auto Hide.   When the mouse moves near the taskbar area, the taskbar appears.[Moving the Taskbar]You can drag the taskbar to any side of the desktop area.[Languages and Keyboard Layouts]To change keyboard layouts while you work, make these changes:1. In Control Panel, double click the Keyboard icon.2. Click the Language tab, and then add another language as needed.3. Make sure the Enable Indicator on Taskbar is checked.   When you complete this setup, a Language layout icon appears on the   taskbar. You can click the icon to select another language.System Tools------------[System Monitor]Monitors system resources, threads, processor usage, etc.[DriveSpace]You can use DriveSpace to compress hard and floppy disks, whichcreates more free space on the disks. You can also use DriveSpace toconfigure disk drives that you have already compressed usingDoubleSpace or DriveSpace.[Backup/Restore]You can use Backup to back up or restore files to tape, floppy,network shares, etc.[Disk Defragmenter]Use to speed up your hard disk by defragmenting the files on your harddrive.[Netwatcher]You can see who is currently using resources on your computer by usingNetWatcher. You can also add shared folders and disconnect people fromyour computer or from specific files.[ScanDisk]You can use ScanDisk to check your hard drives for both logical andphysical errors. ScanDisk will detect any errors, and then repairdamaged areas.Window Management------------------[Switching Between a Window and a Full MS-DOS Screen]Press ALT+Enter.[Closing Consecutive Windows]If you are using multiple window browse, and you want to close allopen windows, hold down the Shift key, and then click the close (X)button in the upper right corner of the title bar.[Cascading, Tiling, and Minimizing All]Use the right mouse button to click the taskbar, and then click anoption.Miscellaneous Tips and Tricks-----------------------------[Configuration Summary]To print a copy of your system configuration summary, double-click theSystems icon in Control Panel, and then click the Device Manager tab.Click Computer, and then click Print.[Quick View]If Quick View is installed, and if Quick View supports a particularfile format, you can quickly view the contents of that file by usingthe right mouse button to click it, and then select Quick View.You can also create a link to Notepad.exe in your SendTo folder. Then,use the right mouse button to click the file you want to view. ClickSent To, and then click Notepad.[Disk Tools]Use the right mouse button to click a drive in My Computer, and thenclick Properties. Click the Tools tab to use ScanDisk, Backup, andDefragmenter.[Converting Windows 3.1 Program Groups]You can convert Windows 3.1 program groups in two ways:1. Double-click a .grp file to automatically convert it to a Windows   95 folder.2. Run the GRPCONV command with the /m parameter to display a dialog   box in which you can select groups to convert.[Open With]To open an associated file with a different program, hold down Shift,and then use the right mouse button to click the file. Click Open Withon the menu to open the file with a different program.[Hotkey]In Windows 95, hotkeys assigned to shortcuts in the Start Menu orits subfolders can be used to start programs any time.[Screen Resolution]To quickly change screen resolution for different applications, usethe right mouse button to click the desktop, and then click theSettings tab. In the Desktop Area, move the slider bar to the desiredresolution.[Context Help]On the upper right side of each dialog box is a question mark button(?). Click it and then click a control or item in the dialog box. Ashort description of the item appears.[Find Tool]To find a file, mail message, computer, or file on The MicrosoftNetwork, use the Find command on the Start menu. In addition, you cansave a search in the Find dialog box by clicking Save Search on theFile menu.[Bitmap Viewer]MS Paint can serve as a bitmap viewer. Drag a bitmap icon onto an MSPaint window to view it.[File Names and Extensions]The following are valid filenames for Windows 95 applications:     12345678.ABC (MS-DOS name)     12345678.ABCDEF (no limit on extensions)     123456789012345678901234567890123456789.ABC (long filename)     1234567890123456789012345678901234567890.ABCDEF (long filename     and long extension)This is a valid filename (long names with spaces that mean something).To see the MS-DOS name associated with a long filename, use the rightmouse button to click the file, and then click Properties.[Developer's Trick]If you need to restart the taskbar (for example, when you've changed aregistry entry that you want to use), you can use CTRL+ALT+DEL toremove Windows Explorer. When the Shutdown dialog box appears, clickNo. At the next prompt, click End Task. The taskbar is removed, andthen restarts.[Making an Emergency Startup Disk]To create a complete emergency startup disk, double-click theAdd/Remove Programs icon in Control Panel, and then click the StartupDisk tab.[Undoing a File Move or File Rename]If you forget where you just moved a file, or if you accidentallyrename a file, click Undo from the Edit menu (or press ALT+Backspace).[Display Properties]Use the right mouse button to click the desktop, and then clickProperties to change the desktop background, screen saver, appearance,or video settings. To change your primary display font, change theicon font on the Appearance tab.[Tips for Using the Taskbar Clock]Hold the mouse pointer over taskbar clock to see the date.Double click the taskbar clock to set the system time, date, and timezone.To remove the clock from the taskbar:1. Use the right mouse button to click the taskbar, and then click   Properties.2. Click the Taskbar Options tab, and uncheck Show Clock (or press C).[Easy Access to Computer Properties]To view your computer (system) properties, use the right mouse buttonto click My Computer and then click Properties. If you have aMicrosoft Natural Keyboard, press Win+Break.To view Network properties, use the right mousebutton to click Network Neighborhood, and then click Properties.[Using the Cursor Keys Instead of a Mouse]You can move the cursor without using the mouse by turning onMouseKeys. Double-click the Accessibility Options icon in ControlPanel, click themouse tab, and then click Use MouseKeys.[Easy Way to Access Control Panel]1. Use the right mouse button to click the Start menu, and then click   Explore.2. Make a new directory in  the Start Menu folder named Control Panels  (or whatever you want).3. Open the original Control Panels folder, select all the icons, and   then use the right mouse button to drag them into your new folder.   This creates shortcuts to all the Control Panel icons.4. Close everything, and then click the Start menu. When you point to   your new folder, you should see all the Control Panel icons.[Sending Objects by Using Send To]You can drag any shortcut to the SendTo folder. This shortcut could beto a printer, fax, network drive, or Windows application. To find theSendTo folder, click the Start button, and then click Run. Type Sendtoin the Run dialog box. Use the right mouse button to drag the item'sicon into the Send To window. The shortcut will appear on the Send Tomenu. Use the right mouse button to click a document or folder icon,select Send To, and then select a destination item.				
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Article ID: 135893 - Last Review: 11/15/2006 13:50:13 - Revision: 1.2

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