This article was previously published under Q141094
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This article was written about products for which Microsoft no longer offers support. Therefore, this article is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.
For a Microsoft Excel 2002 version of this article, see 291323. For a Microsoft Excel 2000 version of this article, see 213649.
This article contains three sample Microsoft Visual Basic for Applicationsmacros (Sub procedures) that you can use to change the letters in a textstring to all uppercase, all lowercase, or title case (the first letter ineach word is capitalized).
Microsoft provides programming examples for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied. This includes, but is not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. This article assumes that you are familiar with the programming language that is being demonstrated and with the tools that are used to create and to debug procedures. Microsoft support engineers can help explain the functionality of a particular procedure, but they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality or construct procedures to meet your specific requirements.
Macro to Change All Text in a Range to Uppercase Letters
Sub Uppercase() ' Loop to cycle through each cell in the specified range. For Each x In Range("A1:A5") ' Change the text in the range to uppercase letters. x.Value = UCase(x.value) Next End Sub
Macro to Change All Text in a Range to Lowercase Letters
Sub Lowercase() ' Loop to cycle through each cell in the specified range. For Each x In Range("B1:B5") x.Value = LCase(x.Value) Next End Sub
Macro to Change All Text in a Cell Range to Initial Capital Letters
Sub Proper_Case() ' Loop to cycle through each cell in the specified range. For Each x In Range("C1:C5") ' There is not a Proper function in Visual Basic for Applications. ' So, you must use the worksheet function in the following form: x.Value = Application.Proper(x.Value) Next End Sub
Testing the Sample Macros
To test the sample macros, follow these steps:
In the same workbook that contains the macros, enter the following sample data into a new worksheet:
A1: toM B1: toM C1: toM A2: sUe B2: sUe C2: sUe A3: joe SMITH B3: joe SMITH C3: joe SMITH A4: mary B4: mary C4: mary A5: LORI B5: LORI C5: LORI
NOTE: This sample data contains text formatted in various cases that you can use to verify how each macro works.
Run each of the macros.
The text in the range specified in the macro (in the line that reads "Foreach x in ...") will be formatted in uppercase, lowercase, or initialcapitals, as appropriate.
For more information about changing the case of text in Microsoft Excel,click Answer Wizard on the Help menu and type:
tell me about changing case of text
For additional information about getting help with Visual Basic forApplications, please see the following article in the Microsoft KnowledgeBase:
ARTICLE-ID: 163435 TITLE : VBA: Programming Resources for Visual Basic for Applications