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How to Use a VBA Macro to Sum Only Visible Cells

This article was previously published under Q150363
Retired KB Content Disclaimer
This article was written about products for which Microsoft no longer offers support. Therefore, this article is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.
If you have a range of cells that includes hidden rows or hidden columns,Microsoft Excel does not provide an easy way to sum only the visiblecells.

The SUM function totals all the cells in a range, including hidden cells.The SUBTOTAL function ignores hidden rows only if they are part of afiltered list that was created using the AutoFilter or Advanced Filtercommand.

The following custom function sums only the visible cells in a range. Touse the custom function, type the following into a cell on a worksheet
where A1:A5 is the range that you want to sum.
Microsoft provides programming examples for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied. This includes, but is not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. This article assumes that you are familiar with the programming language that is being demonstrated and with the tools that are used to create and to debug procedures. Microsoft support engineers can help explain the functionality of a particular procedure, but they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality or construct procedures to meet your specific requirements.

Sample Visual Basic Procedure

   Function Sum_Visible_Cells(Cells_To_Sum As Object)       Application.Volatile       For Each cell In Cells_To_Sum           If cell.Rows.Hidden = False Then               If cell.Columns.Hidden = False Then                   total = total + cell.Value               End If           End If       Next       Sum_Visible_Cells = total   End Function				
Note that if you hide or unhide cells after you enter the formula into theworksheet, the formula will not recalculate automatically, even ifCalculation is set to automatic. You can make the formulas recalculate ifCalculation is set to automatic and you take any of the following actions:

  • You edit any cell on the sheet. -or-

  • You press F9, which forces a recalculation. -or-

  • You close the workbook.
For more information about creating custom functions in Microsoft Excel97,from the Visual Basic Editor, click the Office Assistant, type functionstatement, click Search, and then click to view "Function Statement."

NOTE: If the Assistant is hidden, click the Office Assistant button on theStandard toolbar. If the Assistant is not able to answer your query,please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
176476 OFF: Office Assistant Not Answering Visual Basic Questions
"Visual Basic User's Guide," version 5.0, Chapter 3, "Creating a User-Defined Function"
5.00c 8.00 XL98 XL97 XL7 XL5 XL

Article ID: 150363 - Last Review: 10/11/2006 01:38:45 - Revision: 2.3

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