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How to avoid the ODBC login dialog box when using MFC in Visual C++

This article was previously published under Q150552
This article has been archived. It is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.
By default, when you use the MFC ODBC database classes to connect to a datasource, ODBC invokes a login dialog box that allows the user to type in any necessary information, such as a password, to log in.

With Visual C++ 4.2 and later versions, use the CDatabase::OpenEx() method to connect to an ODBC datasource with MFC. Inside CDatabase::Connect(), which is called by CDatabase::OpenEx(), is a call to the ODBC API function, SQLDriverConnect, that does the work to connect.

With versions of Visual C++ earlier than 4.2, use the CDatabase::Open() method to connect to an ODBC datasource with MFC. Inside CDatabase::Open() is a call to the ODBC API function, SQLDriverConnect, that does the work to connect.

The last parameter to SQLDriverConnect is a flag indicating whether the ODBC Driver Manager or driver should prompt for more connection information. MFC uses the SQL_DRIVER_COMPLETE flag that instructs ODBC to invoke a login dialog if you do not supply a connect string with all of the information necessary to make a connection.

Occasionally it is preferable to suppress ODBC from creating a dialog by calling SQLDriverConnect and passing SQL_DRIVER_NOPROMPT as the last parameter. The SQL_DRIVER_NOPROMPT flag instructs ODBC to connect with the information passed in the connect string. If the connection string does not contain enough information to connect to the data source, the call to SQLDriverConnect() returns a value of SQL_ERROR.

With Visual C++ 4.2 and later versions, specify the CDatabase::noOdbcDialog option as the second argument to CDatabase::OpenEx(). This will cause CDatabase::OpenEx() to call SQLDriverConnect with the SQL_DRIVER_NOPROMPT flag.

To accomplish this behavior using the MFC database classes included with versions of Visual C++ before 4.2, you need to derive a new class from CDatabase and override CDatabase::Open().

Copy the code for CDatabase::Open() from the MFC source file Dbcore.cpp. Then change the call to SQLDriverConnect by replacing SQL_DRIVER_COMPLETE with SQL_DRIVER_NOPROMPT.

The second parameter in SQLDriverConnect is a window handle. You need to pass NULL for this.

Also, add a check for a return value of SQL_ERROR.
Sample code for Visual C++ 4.2 or later versions can be found in the online documentation for CDatabase::OpenEx().

Sample code

   // The code provided here works with MFC 4.1.   // Code to work with other versions of MFC before 4.2 will be very   // similar. You just need to copy the source for CDatabase::Open() from   // Dbcore.cpp, make the changes described in this article, and then   // determine which file specific definitions and header files to add   // to your .cpp file.   // MyDataBase.h   // Derive a class from CDatabase   class CMyDatabase : public CDatabase   {     public:     Open(LPCTSTR lpszDSN, BOOL bExclusive = FALSE,          BOOL bReadonly = FALSE, LPCTSTR lpszConnect = "ODBC;",          BOOL bUseCursorLib = TRUE);   };   //MyDataBase.cpp   #include "stdafx.h"   #include <afxpriv.h>   #include <afxdisp.h>   #include "MyDataBase.h"   // This line of code is borrowed from Dbcore.cpp   static const TCHAR szODBC[] = _T("ODBC;");   // These two lines are borrowed from Afximpl.h   // determine number of elements in an array (not bytes)   #define _countof(array) (sizeof(array)/sizeof(array[0]))   BOOL CMyDatabase::Open(LPCTSTR lpszDSN, BOOL bExclusive,     BOOL bReadonly, LPCTSTR lpszConnect, BOOL bUseCursorLib)   {     UCHAR szConnectOutput[MAX_CONNECT_LEN];   #ifdef _68K_     if(nClassObject == 0)     AfxThrowDBException(AFX_SQL_ERROR_ODBC_LOAD_FAILED, NULL,                         SQL_NULL_HSTMT);   #endif   ASSERT_VALID(this);   ASSERT(lpszDSN == NULL || AfxIsValidString(lpszDSN));   ASSERT(lpszConnect == NULL || AfxIsValidString(lpszConnect));   // Exclusive access not supported.   ASSERT(!bExclusive);   UNUSED(bExclusive);  // unused in release builds   m_bUpdatable = !bReadonly;   TRY   {   if (lpszConnect != NULL)     m_strConnect = lpszConnect;   // For Visual Basic & Microsoft Access compatibility, use the   // "ODBC;" (or "odbc;") prefix to the connect string   if (_tcsnicmp(m_strConnect, szODBC, lstrlen(szODBC)) != 0)   {     TRACE0("Error: Missing 'ODBC' prefix on connect string.\n");     return FALSE;   }   // Strip "ODBC;"   m_strConnect = m_strConnect.Right(m_strConnect.GetLength()                    - lstrlen(szODBC));   if (lpszDSN != NULL && lstrlen(lpszDSN) != 0)     {       // Append "DSN=" lpszDSN       m_strConnect += ";DSN=";        m_strConnect += lpszDSN;      }        AllocConnect();        RETCODE nRetCode;        // Turn on cursor lib support        if (bUseCursorLib)        {          AFX_SQL_SYNC(::SQLSetConnectOption(m_hdbc,              SQL_ODBC_CURSORS, SQL_CUR_USE_ODBC));            // With cursor library added records immediately in result set            m_bIncRecordCountOnAdd = TRUE;          }          HWND hWndTop;          CWnd* pWnd = CWnd::GetSafeOwner(NULL, &hWndTop);          if (pWnd == NULL)            pWnd = CWnd::GetDesktopWindow();          ASSERT_VALID(pWnd);          SWORD nResult;   #ifndef _MAC          USES_CONVERSION;      // Code before it was changed:      //    AFX_SQL_SYNC(::SQLDriverConnect(m_hdbc, pWnd->m_hWnd,      //      (UCHAR*)T2A((LPCTSTR)m_strConnect), SQL_NTS,      //      szConnectOutput, _countof(szConnectOutput),      //      &nResult, SQL_DRIVER_COMPLETE));          AFX_SQL_SYNC(::SQLDriverConnect(m_hdbc, NULL,            (UCHAR*)(const char*)m_strConnect, SQL_NTS,            szConnectOutput, _countof(szConnectOutput),            &nResult, SQL_DRIVER_NOPROMPT));   #else       AFX_SQL_SYNC(::SQLDriverConnect(m_hdbc, GetWrapperWindow            (pWnd->m_hWnd), (UCHAR*)(const char*)m_strConnect, SQL_NTS,            szConnectOutput, _countof(szConnectOutput),            &nResult, SQL_DRIVER_COMPLETE));   #endif       if (hWndTop != NULL)         ::EnableWindow(hWndTop, TRUE);       // Code before it was changed:        //    if (nRetCode == SQL_NO_DATA_FOUND)       // Now need to check for SQL_ERROR too       if ((nRetCode == SQL_NO_DATA_FOUND) || (nRetCode == SQL_ERROR))       {         Free();         return FALSE;       }       if (!Check(nRetCode))       {   #ifdef _DEBUG       if (pWnd->m_hWnd == NULL)          TRACE0("Error: No default window (AfxGetApp()->m_pMainWnd) for      SQLDriverConnect.\n");   #endif         ThrowDBException(nRetCode);       }       // Connect strings must have "ODBC;"       m_strConnect = szODBC;       // Save connect string returned from ODBC    m_strConnect += (char*)szConnectOutput;       SWORD nAPIConformance;       AFX_SQL_SYNC(::SQLGetInfo(m_hdbc, SQL_ODBC_API_CONFORMANCE,         &nAPIConformance, sizeof(nAPIConformance), &nResult));       if (!Check(nRetCode))         ThrowDBException(nRetCode);       if (nAPIConformance < SQL_OAC_LEVEL1)         ThrowDBException(AFX_SQL_ERROR_API_CONFORMANCE);       SWORD nSQLConformance;       AFX_SQL_SYNC(::SQLGetInfo(m_hdbc, SQL_ODBC_SQL_CONFORMANCE,         &nSQLConformance, sizeof(nSQLConformance), &nResult));       if (!Check(nRetCode))         ThrowDBException(nRetCode);       if (nSQLConformance < SQL_OSC_MINIMUM)         ThrowDBException(AFX_SQL_ERROR_SQL_CONFORMANCE);       AFX_SQL_SYNC(::SQLGetInfo(m_hdbc, SQL_CURSOR_COMMIT_BEHAVIOR,         &m_nCursorCommitBehavior, sizeof(m_nCursorCommitBehavior),         &nResult));       if (!Check(nRetCode))         m_nCursorCommitBehavior = SQL_ERROR;       AFX_SQL_SYNC(::SQLGetInfo(m_hdbc, SQL_CURSOR_ROLLBACK_BEHAVIOR,         &m_nCursorRollbackBehavior, sizeof(m_nCursorRollbackBehavior),         &nResult));      if (!Check(nRetCode))        m_nCursorRollbackBehavior = SQL_ERROR;      UDWORD dwGetDataExtensions;      AFX_SQL_SYNC(::SQLGetInfo(m_hdbc, SQL_GETDATA_EXTENSIONS,        &dwGetDataExtensions, sizeof(dwGetDataExtensions),        &nResult));      if (!Check(nRetCode))        dwGetDataExtensions = 0;      if (dwGetDataExtensions & SQL_GD_BOUND)        m_dwUpdateOptions = AFX_SQL_GDBOUND;      else        m_dwUpdateOptions = 0;      // Set required transaction support for CRecordset cursors      if ((m_nCursorCommitBehavior == SQL_CB_PRESERVE) &&        (m_nCursorRollbackBehavior == SQL_CB_PRESERVE))        m_bTransactions = TRUE;      if (m_bUpdatable)      {        // Make sure data source is Updatable        char szReadOnly[10];        AFX_SQL_SYNC(::SQLGetInfo(m_hdbc, SQL_DATA_SOURCE_READ_ONLY,          szReadOnly, _countof(szReadOnly), &nResult));        if (Check(nRetCode) && nResult == 1)          m_bUpdatable = !(lstrcmpA(szReadOnly, "Y") == 0);        else          m_bUpdatable = FALSE;   #ifdef _DEBUG         if (!m_bUpdatable && (afxTraceFlags & traceDatabase))           TRACE0("Warning: data source is readonly.\n");   #endif       }       else       {         // Make data source is Updatable         AFX_SQL_SYNC(::SQLSetConnectOption(m_hdbc,           SQL_ACCESS_MODE, SQL_MODE_READ_ONLY));       }       char szIDQuoteChar[2];       AFX_SQL_SYNC(::SQLGetInfo(m_hdbc, SQL_IDENTIFIER_QUOTE_CHAR,         szIDQuoteChar, _countof(szIDQuoteChar), &nResult));       if (Check(nRetCode) && nResult == 1)         m_chIDQuoteChar = szIDQuoteChar[0];       else         m_chIDQuoteChar = ' ';   #ifdef _DEBUG       if (afxTraceFlags & traceDatabase)       {         char szInfo[64];         AFX_SQL_SYNC(::SQLGetInfo(m_hdbc, SQL_DBMS_NAME,           szInfo, _countof(szInfo), &nResult));         if (Check(nRetCode))         {           CString strInfo = szInfo;           TRACE1("DBMS: %s\n", strInfo);           AFX_SQL_SYNC(::SQLGetInfo(m_hdbc, SQL_DBMS_VER,             szInfo, _countof(szInfo), &nResult));           if (Check(nRetCode))           {             strInfo = szInfo;             TRACE1(", Version: %s\n", strInfo);           }         }       }   #endif     }     CATCH_ALL(e)     {       Free();       THROW_LAST();     }     END_CATCH_ALL     return TRUE;   }				
For more information about CDatabase::OpenEx, visit the following Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN) Web sites:
1.50 1.51 1.52 2.00 2.10 2.20 4.00 4.10 4.20 4.21 6.0 7.0 7.1

Article ID: 150552 - Last Review: 12/04/2015 14:39:19 - Revision: 6.2

Microsoft Foundation Class Library 4.2, Microsoft Data Access Components 2.5

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