This article explains how to use the TabStrip control in a UserForm andprovides a Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications example.
Microsoft provides programming examples for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied. This includes, but is not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. This article assumes that you are familiar with the programming language that is being demonstrated and with the tools that are used to create and to debug procedures. Microsoft support engineers can help explain the functionality of a particular procedure, but they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality or construct procedures to meet your specific requirements. Use a TabStrip control to view different sets of information for relatedcontrols. A TabStrip is recommended if you use a single layout for yourdata. For example, use different tabs in a TabStrip control to displaydifferent "views" for one group of controls.
The TabStrip is implemented as a container of a Tabs collection, which inturn contains a group of Tab objects. By default, the control contains twoTab objects; you can add or remove Tab objects as needed.
The client region of a TabStrip control is not a separate form. Instead,the region is a portion of the form that contains the TabStrip control.
The border of a TabStrip control defines a region of the form that you canassociate with tabs. When you place a control in the client region of aTabStrip, you are adding a control to the form that contains the TabStrip.
Adding a TabStrip Control to a UserForm
To add a TabStrip control to a UserForm in the Visual Basic Editor, followthese steps:
- Click the UserForm to activate it.
- On the View menu, click Toolbox to display the toolbox.
- Click the TabStrip control button.
- Draw the TabStrip control on the form.
Working with Existing Tabs in a TabStrip Control
To select an individual tab in a TabStrip control, follow these steps:
- Select the TabStrip control.
- Press the SHIFT key and click the tab that you want to select.
After you select a tab, you can change the tab properties, delete thetab, add new tabs, or move tabs by right-clicking the selected tab andclicking the appropriate command on the shortcut menu.
Controlling a TabStrip Programmatically
Use the SelectedItem property of the TabStrip control to indicate whichTab object is selected in the TabStrip control at run time. For example, ifyou create a TabStrip control named TabStrip1, you can use the followingstatement to display the caption of the selected Tab:
The SelectedItem property is read-only and cannot be set at run time. Ifyou need to programmatically set which tab is selected, set the Valueproperty for the TabStrip control. The following example selects the thirdtab on a TabStrip named TabStrip1:
NOTE: The values of tabs in a TabStrip control start with zero. If theTabStrip control contains three tabs, their values are 0, 1, and 2.
The following example describes how you can create a simple UserForm thatimplements a TabStrip control.
- In a new workbook in Microsoft Excel, point to Macro on the Tools menu, and then click Visual Basic Editor.
- On the Insert menu, click UserForm. Press F4 to activate the Properties window for the form. Next to the Name property of theform, type frmMain, and type Choose a Color next to the Caption property.
- Select the form. Click the TabStrip control on the Toolbox window and draw a TabStrip control on the form. With the TabStrip control selected, press F4 to activate the Properties window. Type tbsColor next to the Name property.
- To select the first tab in the TabStrip control, press the SHIFT key and click Tab1. Right-click Tab1, and click Rename on the shortcut menu. Type Red in the Caption box, and then click OK.
- Click Tab2 to select it. Right-click Tab2, and click Rename on the shortcut menu. Type Green in the Caption box, and then click OK.
- With the second tab still selected, right-click Green, and click New Page on the shortcut menu.
The Visual Basic Editor inserts a third Tab.
- Right-click Tab3, and click Rename on the shortcut menu. Type Blue in the Caption box, and then click OK.
- Click Red and cancel the selection of the Tab control by clicking on the TabStrip container.
- Add the following controls to the TabStrip container with the listed property setting:
Control Type Property Value ---------------------------------------------------------- Image Name imgColor BackColor &H000000FF& CommandButton Name cmdOK Caption OK CommandButton Name cmdCancel Caption Cancel
- Press F7 to view the Code window for the form.
- Type the following event procedures for the form in the Code window:
Private Sub tbsColor_Change() ' This procedure runs when the TabStrip control named tbsColor ' changes. This procedure will change the color of the image ' control based on which tab the user selects. Dim i As Integer i = tbsColor.SelectedItem.Index Select Case i Case 0 ' First tab selected, change color of image to red. imgColor.BackColor = RGB(255, 0, 0) Case 1 ' Second tab selected, change color of image to green. imgColor.BackColor = RGB(0, 255, 0) Case 2 ' Third tab selected, change color of image to blue. imgColor.BackColor = RGB(0, 0, 255) End Select End Sub Private Sub cmdCancel_Click() ' This procedure will run when the command button cmdCancel is ' clicked. This procedure unloads the form. Unload Me End Sub Private Sub cmdOK_Click() ' This procedure will run when the command button cmdOK is clicked. ' This procedure displays a message indicating which tab is ' selected and then unloads the form. MsgBox "You selected " & tbsColor.SelectedItem.Caption Unload Me End Sub
- With the insertion point in the procedure ShowForm, press F5 to run the macro.