Microsoft Windows may report event messages in the event log for various hard disk device issues using the following syntax:
The device, \Device\Harddisk#\Partition #
The following are examples of some common event log message entries:
The device, \Device\Harddisk0\Partition 1, has a bad block.
The device, \Device\HardDisk1\Partition0, has been reset.
System process lost delayed-write data.
System was attempting to transfer file data from buffers to \\device\harddisk4\partition2\mydir\myfile.txt The write operation failed.
An error occurred while attempting to recover data from the fault tolerance set containing \device\harddisk2\FT1
In each of the preceding examples you need to translate the hard disknumber to a physical drive on the system. You can determine the hard disknumber by looking in the registry, but you need to know if you are usingIDE drives, SCSI drives or a combination of the two. Disk Administratorwill display the drives in the order they are enumerated on each controllerand in the order that the controller device drivers are loaded. If you areusing multiple controllers, the order in which they are identified isbased on I/O port and controller BIOS address assignments.
Important This section, method, or task contains steps that tell you how to modify the registry. However, serious problems might occur if you modify the registry incorrectly. Therefore, make sure that you follow these steps carefully. For added protection, back up the registry before you modify it. Then, you can restore the registry if a problem occurs. For more information about how to back up and restore the registry, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
322756 How to back up and restore the registry in Windows
NOTE: Disk Management is enhanced in Windows 2000 and later operating systems. You can use Disk Management to view this information without using Registry Editor. To view where a particular hard disk is located in your system, use the following procedure:
Start Disk Management console (diskmgmt.msc).
View the graphical view of your disks. Right-click the gray portion of the basic or dynamic disk whose disk number matches the "Harddisk#" in the error message.
Click Properties.The Properties will contain "Device Type" information that will tell you if the disk is IDE or SCSI, and it will also display the "Hardware Vendor" name of the physical device and the "Adapter Name" it is attached to.
For Windows NT, use Registry Editor to extract the required information as follows:
Run Registry Editor (Regedt32.exe).
Locate, and then click the following registry key (for IDE-based devices):
Controller0 look at the controller address and interrupt. disk0 look at identifier string for manufacturer and model# disk1 look at identifier string for manufacturer and model# Controller1 look at the controller address and interrupt. disk0 look at identifier string for manufacturer and model# disk1 look at identifier string for manufacturer and model#
Locate, and then click the following registry key (For Atapi-compliant or SCSI devices):
Scsiport0 look at driver, Interrupt, and IOAddress Scisbus0 Targetid0 Logical Unit Id 0 look at identifier and type. Targetid1 Logical Unit Id 0 look at identifier and type. Targetid4 Logical Unit Id 0 look at identifier and type. Scsibus1 Targetid0 Logical Unit Id 0 look at identifier and type. Targetid1 Logical Unit Id 0 look at identifier and type. Targetid2 Logical Unit Id 0 Scsiport1 look at driver, Interrupt and I/O Address. Scsibus0 Targetid0 Logical Unit Id 0 look at identifier and type.
NOTE: When the SCSI ID number is higher than 9, the registry lists the drives alphabetically, but the computer assigns physical IDs to the drives numerically.
Using the information gathered from the registry, you can determinewhich physical drive maps to a particular disk number in DiskAdministrator.
Using the "identifier" and "type" values, determine which entries are for DISKS and which are for other devices such as CD-ROMS, tapes, scanners, and so forth.
Find each Type:REG_SZ:DiskPeripheral entry under the Targetid#\Logicalunitid0. Each one found equates to a drive in Disk Administrator and also to a \device\harddisk number.
To find \device\harddisk5 find the 6th DiskPeripheral (zero through five).
Make note of the SCSIPORT, SCSIBUS, and TARGETID# and use this to replace the defective device.
SCSIPORT is a SCSI controller. SCSIBUS is a channel on the SCSI controller. Some controllers are dual channel and have SCSIBUS0 and SCSIBUS1. TARGETID is the SCSI ID the device that is configured to use usually 0 through 6, with the initiator ID 7 representing the controller itself.
If you have doubts about which SCSIPORT represents which SCSI Controller look at the driver, I/O Address, and Interrupt of the SCSIPORT entry and match it with the hardware configuration set on the controller.
For IDE Devices, the drives are in master/slave configuration order on each controller.