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HOW TO: Recursively Search Directories by Using FileSystemObject

This article was previously published under Q185601
This article has been archived. It is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.
This step-by-step article demonstrates how to use the FileSystemObject class to recursively search directoriesand to find specific files.

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Information About the FileSystemObject Class

The FileSystemObject class is located in the Microsoft Scripting Runtime (Scrrun.dll). To obtain the Scrrun.dll file, install any of the following packages:
  • Microsoft Windows Script Host
  • Microsoft Windows NT Option Pack
  • Microsoft Internet Information Server 3.0
  • Scripting 3.1 upgrade
  • Microsoft Visual Studio 98
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0
The FileSystemObject class provides better performance than if you use Visual Basic intrinsic functions such as Dir and GetAttr. Additionally, FileSystemObject is much simpler toimplement that the Visual Basic intrinsic functions.

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Build the Sample

  1. Create a new Standard EXE project in Visual Basic. By default, Form1 is created.
  2. On the Project menu, click References, and then add a reference to the Microsoft Scripting Runtime. If this option is not listed, locate the Scrrun.dll file on your system. If you have to, install one of the tools that is listed in the Information About the FileSystemObject Class section.
  3. Add a CommandButton, a Label, and a ListBox control to Form1. Adjust the width of the Label control so that it is the same as the width of the form.
  4. Add the following code in the General Declarations section of Form1:
    Option ExplicitDim fso As New FileSystemObjectDim fld As FolderPrivate Sub Command1_Click()   Dim nDirs As Long, nFiles As Long, lSize As Currency   Dim sDir As String, sSrchString As String   sDir = InputBox("Type the directory that you want to search for", _                   "FileSystemObjects example", "C:\")   sSrchString = InputBox("Type the file name that you want to search for", _                   "FileSystemObjects example", "vb.ini")   MousePointer = vbHourglass   Label1.Caption = "Searching " & vbCrLf & UCase(sDir) & "..."   lSize = FindFile(sDir, sSrchString, nDirs, nFiles)   MousePointer = vbDefault   MsgBox Str(nFiles) & " files found in" & Str(nDirs) & _          " directories", vbInformation   MsgBox "Total Size = " & lSize & " bytes"End SubPrivate Function FindFile(ByVal sFol As String, sFile As String, _   nDirs As Long, nFiles As Long) As Currency   Dim tFld As Folder, tFil As File, FileName As String      On Error GoTo Catch   Set fld = fso.GetFolder(sFol)   FileName = Dir(fso.BuildPath(fld.Path, sFile), vbNormal Or _                  vbHidden Or vbSystem Or vbReadOnly)   While Len(FileName) <> 0      FindFile = FindFile + FileLen(fso.BuildPath(fld.Path, _      FileName))      nFiles = nFiles + 1      List1.AddItem fso.BuildPath(fld.Path, FileName)  ' Load ListBox      FileName = Dir()  ' Get next file      DoEvents   Wend   Label1 = "Searching " & vbCrLf & fld.Path & "..."   nDirs = nDirs + 1   If fld.SubFolders.Count > 0 Then      For Each tFld In fld.SubFolders         DoEvents         FindFile = FindFile + FindFile(tFld.Path, sFile, nDirs, nFiles)      Next   End If   Exit FunctionCatch:  FileName = ""       Resume NextEnd Function					
  5. Run the project, and then click Command1.
  6. Type the directory and the file name to search for. Notice that when each file is found, the file name is added to the list box. When the process is complete, the number of files that are found is displayed in a message box. The total size of the files is also displayed.
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  • Some files and directories, such as System Volume Information on Microsoft Windows XP, cause an access violation if an application tries to access them. The error handling code stops looking in a directory when a problem occurs. You must use a different approach if you must have a more robust workaround.
  • If you use a file filter (such as *.*), a large number of files may be returned. The ListBox control can only contain a limited number of characters. When that limit is reached, no more entries are added to the list box.
  • This code sample was tested by using version of the Microsoft Scripting Runtime (Scrrun.dll). If problems occur, you may have to download a newer version of this file.
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For additional information about other methods that you can use to find a specific file, click the article number below to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
185476 HOWTO: Search Directories to Find or List Files
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look subdirectory directory tree recursion recursive File System Object filesystem

Article ID: 185601 - Last Review: 12/05/2015 08:39:54 - Revision: 2.0

Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Enterprise Edition, Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 Enterprise Edition, Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Learning Edition, Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 Learning Edition, Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Professional Edition, Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 Professional Edition

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