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BUG: "Syntax Error in INSERT INTO..." on ADO Recordset.Update

This article was previously published under Q189220
SYMPTOMS
When you call the AddNew method, and then call the Update method of aRecordset, the following error is returned:
Microsoft OLE DB Provider for ODBC Drivers error '80040e21'
[Microsoft][ODBC Microsoft Access 97 Driver] Syntax error in INSERT INTO statement.
Using the Microsoft Access ODBC Driver version4.00.4202.00 or later, the error message is:
Run-time error '-2147467259(80004005)':
[Microsoft][ODBC Microsoft Access Driver]Syntax error in INSERT INTO statement.
CAUSE
This error occurs if the following are true:
  • The CursorType is adOpenForwardOnly (0).
  • The CursorLocation is adUseServer.
  • A field being updated has a space in the field name.
  • You are using the Microsoft Access ODBC driver.
Calling the AddNew and Update methods, on a Server-Side, Forward-Onlycursor, is an invalid operation. ActiveX Data Objects (ADO) compensates forthis code flaw by generating an INSERT statement to perform the operation.When ADO generates the INSERT statement, it does not delimit the fieldnames. Therefore, field names that contain a space generate a syntax error.

For example, a valid INSERT statement would be as follows:
   INSERT INTO Table ([field with space]) Values(value)				
ADO generates the following code:
   INSERT INTO Table (field with space) Values(value)				
RESOLUTION
Here are several possible resolutions:
  • Do not use spaces in the field names in your database.
  • Use a CursorLocation of adUseClient (3).
  • Do not use a CursorType of adOpenForwardOnly (0), such as adOpenKeyset (1), adOpenDynamic (2), or adOpenStatic (3).
  • Perform the operation by generating your own INSERT statement, with delimiters on the field names, instead of using the AddNew and Update methods.
  • Use the Microsoft OLE DB Provider for Jet version 3.51 or 4.0 instead of the Microsoft OLE DB Provider for ODBC and the Microsoft Access ODBC Driver.
STATUS
Microsoft has confirmed this to be a bug in the Microsoft products listedat the beginning of this article.
Properties

Article ID: 189220 - Last Review: 03/02/2005 18:07:28 - Revision: 2.2

  • Microsoft Data Access Components 1.5
  • Microsoft Data Access Components 2.0
  • Microsoft Data Access Components 2.1 Service Pack 2
  • Microsoft Data Access Components 2.5
  • Microsoft Data Access Components 2.6
  • Microsoft Data Access Components 2.7
  • Microsoft Open Database Connectivity Driver for Access 3.5
  • Microsoft Open Database Connectivity Driver for Access 4.0
  • kbbug kbdatabase kbdriver kbjet KB189220
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