WINS Registration and IP Address Behavior for Microsoft Cluster Server

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Summary
This article details WINS registration and IP address behavior for Microsoft Cluster Server.
More information
During the installation of Microsoft Cluster Server, network names are required for each adapter. This "network name" is a label used to differentiate which group of adapters should be created on which IP Address. This IP Address then inherits the TCP/IP properties of the adapter bound to this network on the active node. NetBIOS names are registered based on dependencies for that NetBIOS name.

Example

Criteria: Node X and Node Y both are dual-homed computers with one networkinterface card (NIC) used for client and internal communications and adedicated NIC for internal use only. The client adapters are assigned thenetwork name Corpnet. For clarity, only the client side adapters will bediscussed in this example. Private adapters should not register with WINS.
Adapter on Node X registers with WINS Server A Adapter on Node Y registers with WINS Server B
IP Address 10.1.1.1 is registered with Microsoft Cluster Server as a virtual IP Address NetBIOS Name WOLFPACK depends on 10.1.1.1

Whichever node owns the group that the IP address and network name are inwill register the NetBIOS Name Wolfpack with the WINS server associatedwith its IP address when the NetBIOS name is brought online. That is, ifNode X owns the group WOLFPACK on 10.1.1.1, it will register with WINSServer A. If Node Y owns the group, it will register on WINS Server B. Thiscould have potential name resolution issues. For ease of use, adapters withclient side access should point to the same WINS servers.

For additional information, please see the following article(s) in theMicrosoft Knowledge Base:
193890Recommend WINS Configuration for Microsoft Cluster Server

139985WINS Client Fails to Reach a Multihomed Server

150737Setting Primary and Secondary WINS Server Options

185786Recommended Practices for WINS
kbDSupport kbinfo winnt MSCS server cluster
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Article ID: 195462 - Last Review: 01/10/2015 11:37:44 - Revision: 3.0

  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 Enterprise Edition
  • kbnosurvey kbarchive kbinfo KB195462
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