How To Open the Printer Properties Dialog

This article was previously published under Q198860
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SUMMARY
If you need to create your own printer dialog, you can use the PrinterProperties API function to bring up a printer's properties dialog. Your users can then make most of the same changes they could if they brought up this dialog by hand. The only difference will be that some tabs may be missing.
MORE INFORMATION

Step-by-Step Example

  1. Start a new project in Visual Basic. Form1 is created by default.
  2. Add a CommandButton and a ListBox to the Form.
  3. Paste the following code into the Form's module:
          Option Explicit      Private Declare Function PrinterProperties Lib "winspool.drv" _        (ByVal hwnd As Long, ByVal hPrinter As Long) As Long      Private Declare Function OpenPrinter Lib "winspool.drv" _        Alias "OpenPrinterA" (ByVal pPrinterName As String, _        phPrinter As Long, pDefault As PRINTER_DEFAULTS) As Long      Private Declare Function ClosePrinter Lib "winspool.drv" _        (ByVal hPrinter As Long) As Long      Private Type PRINTER_DEFAULTS           pDatatype As Long ' String           pDevMode As Long           pDesiredAccess As Long      End Type      Private Const STANDARD_RIGHTS_REQUIRED = &HF0000      Private Const PRINTER_ACCESS_ADMINISTER = &H4      Private Const PRINTER_ACCESS_USE = &H8      Private Const PRINTER_ALL_ACCESS = (STANDARD_RIGHTS_REQUIRED Or _         PRINTER_ACCESS_ADMINISTER Or PRINTER_ACCESS_USE)      Private Sub Form_Load()         Dim I As Integer         ' List all available printers         For I = 0 To Printers.Count - 1            List1.AddItem Printers(I).DeviceName            If Printers(I).DeviceName = Printer.DeviceName Then               List1.Selected(I) = True  ' Select current default printer            End If         Next I      End Sub      Private Sub List1_Click()         Dim Prt As Printer         ' Find and use the printer just selected in the ListBox         For Each Prt In Printers            If Prt.DeviceName = List1.Text Then                  Set Printer = Prt               Exit For            End If         Next      End Sub      Private Sub Command1_Click()         Dim RetVal As Long, hPrinter As Long         Dim PD As PRINTER_DEFAULTS         PD.pDatatype = 0         ' Note that you cannot request more rights than you have as a user         PD.pDesiredAccess = STANDARD_RIGHTS_REQUIRED Or PRINTER_ACCESS_USE         PD.pDevMode = 0         RetVal = OpenPrinter(Printer.DeviceName, hPrinter, PD)         If RetVal = 0 Then             MsgBox "OpenPrinter Failed!"         Else             RetVal = PrinterProperties(Me.hwnd, hPrinter)             RetVal = ClosePrinter(hPrinter)         End If      End Sub						
  4. Run the project and click on Command1. The Properties dialog will open for the currently selected printer. Note that some tabs may be missing from what you see when bringing up these properties by hand.

(c) Microsoft Corporation 1999, All Rights Reserved. Contributions by Chris E. Jolley, Microsoft Corporation.

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Article ID: 198860 - Last Review: 12/05/2015 10:19:17 - Revision: 3.1

Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Learning Edition, Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 Learning Edition, Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Professional Edition, Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 Professional Edition, Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Enterprise Edition, Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 Enterprise Edition, Microsoft Visual Basic 4.0 Standard Edition, Microsoft Visual Basic 4.0 Professional Edition, Microsoft Visual Basic 4.0 Enterprise Edition

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