This article was previously published under Q232493
Advanced: Requires expert coding, interoperability, and multiuser skills.
This article applies only to a Microsoft Access database (.mdb).
This article demonstrates two sample user-defined Visual Basic forApplications functions that you can use to pass parameters to an SQLpass-through query.
NOTE: You can see a demonstration of the technique that is used in this article in the sample file Qrysmp00.exe. For information about how to obtain this sample file, please see the following article in the MicrosoftKnowledge Base:
207626 ACC2000: Access 2000 Sample Queries Available in Download Center
An SQL pass-through query does not accept dynamic parameters as do otherMicrosoft Access queries based on attached ODBC tables. This is becauseMicrosoft Access does not process an SQL pass-through query; it sends theliteral commands (written in the syntax required by SQL Server) directly to the server for processing.
To pass parameters to an SQL pass-through query, create a Visual Basicfunction that builds and runs a QueryDef object using an SQL statement that concatenates the parameter criteria as literal values. Examples 1 and 2 show you how to create the function.
NOTE: The sample code in this article uses Microsoft Data Access Objects. For this code to run properly, you must reference the Microsoft DAO 3.6 Object Library. To do so, click References on the Tools menu in the Visual Basic Editor, and make sure that the Microsoft DAO 3.6 Object Library check box is selected.
This sample function creates a QueryDef object that uses the sp_addgroup system procedure from Microsoft SQL Server to add a new group. The new group name is passed to the function and then concatenated into the SQL statement for the QueryDef object. To create this sample function, follow these steps:
Create a module and type the following line in the Declarations section:
Type or paste the following procedure:
Function ParamSPT (NewGroup As String) Dim MyDb As DAO.Database, MyQ As QueryDef Set MyDb = CurrentDB() ' Create a temporary QueryDef object that is not saved. Set MyQ = MyDb.CreateQueryDef("") ' Type a connect string using the appropriate values for your ' server. MyQ.connect = "ODBC;DSN=DSNName;UID=UserName;PWD=Password;DATABASE=DatabaseName" ' Set ReturnsRecords to false in order to use the Execute method. MyQ.returnsrecords = False ' Set the SQL property and concatenate the variables. MyQ.sql = "sp_addgroup" & " " & NewGroup Debug.Print MyQ.sql MyQ.Execute MyQ.Close MyDb.CloseEnd Function
To run the sample function, type the following line in the Immediate window, and then press ENTER:
Note that the sample function displays the SQL statement sent to the SQL Server computer for processing and creates a new group called TESTERS.
This sample Visual Basic function creates a QueryDef object that uses the sp_server_info system procedure from SQL Server to query the spt_server_info system table to display attributes about the server. The attribute's number is passed to the function and then concatenated into the SQL statement for the QueryDef object. To create this sample function, follow these steps:
Create a module and type the following line in the Declarations section if it is not already there:
Type or paste the following procedure.NOTE: In the following sample code, an underscore (_) at the end of a line is used as a line-continuation character.
Function ParamSPT2(MyParam As String) Dim MyDb As DAO.Database, MyQry As QueryDef, MyRS As DAO.Recordset Set MyDb = CurrentDB() Set MyQry = MyDb.CreateQueryDef("") ' Type a connect string using the appropriate values for your ' server. MyQry.connect = "ODBC;DSN=DSNName;UID=UserName;PWD=Password;DATABASE=DatabaseName" ' Set the SQL property and concatenate the variables. MyQry.SQL = "sp_server_info " & MyParam MyQry.ReturnsRecords = True Set MyRS = MyQry.OpenRecordset() MyRS.MoveFirst Debug.Print MyRS!attribute_id, MyRS!attribute_name, _ MyRS!attribute_value MyQry.Close MyRS.Close MyDb.CloseEnd Function
To run this function, type the following line in the Immediate window, and then press ENTER:
Note that this function displays the ID, name, and value for the specified attribute number.
For more information about the syntax for the SQL property of the SQLpass-through query, see the documentation for your ODBC database server.
For more information about pass-through queries, click Microsoft Access Help on the Help menu, type send commands to an sql database using a pass-through query in the Office Assistant or the Answer Wizard, and then click Search to view the topic.