This article details steps you can take to correct an installation problem with Microsoft Jet 3.51. It covers troubleshooting for DAO, ActiveX Data Objects (ADO), and ODBC access methods.
: This article contains specific information regarding editing the Windows Registry. You should always back up the registry before you edit it. If you alter the registry, you could cause your computer to stop functioning. Only an expert level programmer should attempt the steps in this article.
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The Microsoft Jet database engine is used by a wide variety of applications so it is possible that an application installation, or, more likely, an application uninstallation could adversely affect other applications on your computer. This article details steps you can take to make sure that Microsoft Jet is correctly installed on your computer.
The document is divided into three sections, (a) Troubleshooting the Access Method, which covers making sure the DAO, ADO, and ODBC drivers are installed correctly, (b) Troubleshooting Microsoft Jet, which covers the Jet DLLs and registry settings, and (c) Resource Data, which lists registry keys that would make the body of the article difficult to read.
Please see the following Microsoft Knowledge Base article for a continuation of this article, which includes Part C, the Resource Data:
How To Ensure Jet 3.5 Is Installed Correctly (Part II)
Troubleshooting the Access Method
Before troubleshooting the Jet installation, you need to make sure that the access method is correctly installed. The following sections cover DAO, ODBC, and ADO.
Data Access Objects (DAO)
DAO is the most common Jet access method. The following steps can be used to make sure that it is properly installed:
- Make sure you have the following file:
C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\Dao\Dao350.dll NOTE: The drive letter may be different if your copy of Windows is installed on a drive other than drive C:.
- If your project references the Microsoft DAO 2.5/3.5 (or 3.51) Compatibility Library instead of the Microsoft DAO 3.5 (or 3.51) Library, then you need to make sure the following file is installed:
C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\Dao\Dao2535.tlb
- You need to make sure that the registry keys for DAO exist. The registry keys are listed in the Microsoft DAO Registry Settings section later in this article. Use the RegEdit program to verify that the registry keys exist. If the registry keys are missing or pointing to a nonexistent file, you can manually unregister and re-register the Dao350.dll file by running the following two commands from the Windows Start button, and then select Run or from the MS/DOS command prompt use this command:
Regsvr32.exe /U "C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\Dao\Dao350.dll"Regsvr32.exe"C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\Dao\Dao350.dll" Note that the earlier two commands have a line break for readability. You should run each command on one continuous line.
Alternately, you can edit the registry directly. Instructions for applying the values through a .reg file are given in the Microsoft DAO Registry Settings section.
- Once the file and registry settings are in place, you can test the DAO installation through code. Make a reference to the Microsoft DAO 3.5 (or 3.51) Library in your project and run the following statement:
If the statement works, yet your application still fails, you should continue with the "Troubleshooting Microsoft Jet" section.
If the preceding test code causes this run-time error message:
'429': ActiveX component can't create object. check to see if the DAO design-time license key exists on your computer.The following three lines may be saved to a file with the .reg extension and imported into the registry through the RegEdit program:
- If the code fails with an access violation, some of the support files may be out of date, typically:
Oleaut32.dllMsvcrt.dll The latest version of these files can be obtained by installing the latest version of:from the World Wide Web. Run it on your computer to install the latest support files.
NOTE: Installing this file may overwrite the Microsoft Access ODBC drivers as outlined in the following section. If you have programs that use these drivers, you should be cautious about upgrading them.
- Occasionally, an access violation may result from a mismatch between the version of Dao350.dll and some of the other Jet or support DLLs. For example, if you have a 3.50 version of Dao350.dll and Jet 3.51, you might have problems. Upgrading to a 3.51 version of Dao350.dll might help.
Microsoft Access ODBC Drivers
Installing Microsoft Access 2000, Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 SP3, Microsoft Windows 2000, ADO 2.1 or later, and other products may break programs that use the Microsoft Access ODBC driver. These applications replace the Microsoft Jet 3.5 ODBC drivers with Microsoft Jet 4.0 ODBC drivers. These drivers have different capabilities and may cause your application to fail under certain circumstances. You can check the version numbers of the following files:
Odbcjt32.dll Odbcji32.dll Odexl32.dllOddbse32.dll Odpdx32.dll Odtext32.dll Odfox32.dll
These files are located in your Windows\System (or Winnt\System32 for Windows NT) folder. The file version should start with 3.5 or 3.51.
If the version number starts with 4.0, then the following Microsoft Knowledge Base article deals specifically with this problem:
Reverting to the Access 97 ODBC Driver After Installing MDAC
The article can also be used if the files do not exist at all. Once the drivers are in place, you should be able to view them in the ODBC Administrator
in Control Panel
(or Administrative Tools
, if you are using Windows 2000), create DSNs to MDB and ISAM files, and compact a Microsoft Access database. If the article does not resolve the problem and you can use other ODBC drivers without experiencing a problem, continue to the Troubleshooting Microsoft Jet section.
ActiveX Data Objects (ADO)
- First verify that you can use ADO with a provider other than the OLEDB Provider for Microsoft Jet. If not, then you need to verify that ADO is properly installed and registered. The following Microsoft Knowledge Base article helps you to troubleshoot the Microsoft Data Access Components:
232060After ADO is installed and working properly proceed with the following steps to verify that the OLEDB provider for Microsoft Jet is properly installed and registered.
How To MDAC Setup Troubleshooting Guide
- The OLEDB provider for Microsoft Jet 3.5 consists of the following two files:
C:\Windows\System\Msjt4jlt.dll (Winnt\System32 for Windows NT or Windows 2000)C:\Program Files\Common Files\System\Ole Db\Msjtor35.dll Msjt4jlt.dll is Jet 3.52, a special version of Jet 3.5 specifically for ADO. It does not support linked files, stored queries, or the Installable ISAM drivers. It does rely on some of the other Jet 3.51 core files, specifically Msjter35.dll and Msjint35.dll, also located in the system directory.
If these files do not exist, you can obtain them by downloadingMDAC 2.0from the following location on the Web, or from Visual Basic 6.0 (versions prior to SP3). MDAC 2.1 and later do not contain these files.
If you do not have MDAC 2.1 or later on your computer, you candownload the MDAC 2.0 version of the MDAC_TYP.exe file and run it to install these components. This MDAC 2.0 version of the MDAC_TYP.EXE file can be found at the following location:
http://microsoft.com/data/download_20300223.htmIf you do have a 2.1 or later version of MDAC on your computer, copy the MDAC 2.0 MDAC_TYP.exe file to a clean directory and run the following command:mdac_typ.exe /c /t:C:\MDAC20This extracts the files into the C:\Mdac20 folder without installing them on your system. You can then copy the Msjt4jlt.dll and Msjtor35.dll files from this location to the directories indicated below in the REGSVR32 commands.
- Register the files in the following order:
Regsvr32.exe C:\Windows\System\Msjt4jlt.dll (Winnt\System32 for Windows NT or Windows 2000)Regsvr32.exe "C:\Program Files\Common Files\System\Ole Db\Msjtor35.DLL" If these steps do not resolve the problem, continue with the Troubleshooting Microsoft Jet section.
Troubleshooting Microsoft Jet
If you have reached this step, then you should be experiencing problems with Microsoft Access, the Microsoft Visual Basic data control, the VISDATA add-in, other applications, and your own DAO, RDO, and ADO code.
Core Jet Files
- In order for Microsoft Jet to operate, you need a minimum of the following files installed on your computer, all in the C:\Windows\System directory (Winnt\System32 for Windows NT or Windows 2000):
Msjet35.dllMsjter35.dllMsjint35.dllVbajet32.dllExpsrv.dll (this was introduced with Vbajet32.dll 6.x versions)
- The Microsoft Jet registry keys are given in the Microsoft Jet Registry Settings section at the end of the article. Verify the registry keys exist. If not, the section gives instructions on creating them through a .reg file.
- After completing these steps, you should be able to use Microsoft Jet to open Microsoft Jet 3.x database files. If you still have problems, some of the dependencies may be out of date. You can update them as detailed in the next section.
Microsoft Jet has a number of file dependencies:
Older versions of the Oleaut32.dll file especially can be problematic. The Expsrv.dll file will not work properly with older versions. You can obtain the latest version of these DLLs by downloading the latest Microsoft Data Access Components from the Web. If you need the 3.5 version of the Microsoft Access ODBC drivers, you will have to restore them, as detailed in the Microsoft Access ODBC Drivers section earlier in the article, after upgrading the Microsoft Data Access Components.
Jet Installable ISAM Drivers
If your application uses Jet 2.x or earlier MDB files, dBase files, Excel spreadsheets, or any of the other installable ISAM file formats, then you need to install one or more of the following files to the Windows\System (Winnt\System32 for Windows NT or Windows 2000) directory:
Msrd2x35.dll Jet 2.x IISAMMsexcl35.dll Excel IISAMMsexch35.dll Exchange IISAMMsltus35.dll Lotus 123 IISAMMspdox35.Dll Paradox IISAMMstext35.dll Text file IISAMMsxbse35.dll dBase/FoxPro IISAM
The registry keys are given in the Microsoft Jet Registry Settings section at the end of the article. Verify the registry keys exist. If not, the section gives instructions on creating them through a .reg file.
You can also register them with the following commands:
Regsvr32.exe C:\Windows\Msrd2x35.dllRegsvr32.exe C:\Windows\Msexcl35.dllRegsvr32.exe C:\Windows\Msexch35.dllRegsvr32.exe C:\Windows\Msltus35.dllRegsvr32.exe C:\Windows\Mspdox35.dllRegsvr32.exe C:\Windows\Mstext35.dllRegsvr32.exe C:\Windows\Msxbse35.dll
If you use custom Jet profiles, the following article provides more information:
How To Use a Custom Jet Profile to Alter Data Access Behavior