Initiating a TCP session with Windows Server 2003 using a non-standard flag combination may succeed
A TCP 3-way handshake is initiated with a SYN packet sent to the remote peer (a packet with only the SYN flag set). If a TCP handshake is initiated with other TCP flag values set in addition to the SYN flag, Windows Server 2003 will accept the connection.
This behavior is by design.
The behavior is changed with Windows Vista and later platforms. A SYN packet will not be accepted if it's set in combination with either FIN, RST, or ACK flags and will only be accepted if it's either the only flag set or if that flag is set in combination with PSH, URG, ECE, or CWR.
Article ID: 2551021 - Last Review: 05/17/2011 20:45:00 - Revision: 1.0
Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition (32-bit x86), Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard x64 Edition, Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2, Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1, Microsoft Windows Server 2003 R2 Enterprise x64 Edition, Microsoft Windows Server 2003 R2 Enterprise Edition (32-Bit x86)