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Windows 2000 Command-Line Parameters for Msinfo32.exe

Windows 2000 includes Microsoft System Information (Msinfo32.exe), which is an updated version of the Microsoft Windows NT Diagnostics tool (Winmsd.exe).

You can start Microsoft System Information with Winmsd.exe as in Windows NT 4.0, but the difference under Windows 2000 is that Winmsd.exe is a stub executable file that starts Msinfo32.exe. Msinfo32.exe is located in the Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\MSInfo folder.

System Information displays a comprehensive view of your hardware, system components, and software environment. The system information that is displayed is organized into three top-level categories that correspond to the following nodes on the console tree:
  • Hardware Resources: This node displays hardware-specific settings, namely direct memory access (DMA), IRQs, I/O addresses, and memory addresses. The Conflicts/Sharing node identifies devices that are sharing resources or that are in conflict. This can help identify problems with a device.
  • Components: This node displays information about your Windows configuration and is used to determine the status of your device drivers, networking, and multimedia software.
  • Software Environment: This node displays a snapshot of the software loaded in computer memory. You can use this information to see if a process is still running or to check version information.
NOTE: Other programs may add nodes to System Information that display information specific to the program.
More information
There are a variety of command-line options that you can use to automate Msinfo32.exe. The purpose for calling Msinfo32.exe instead of the Winmsd.exe stub executable file is for control of the process.

Msinfo32.exe Usage

/? - Displays the Help dialog box

/msinfo_file=filename - Opens the specified .nfo or .cab file

/nfo or /s filename - Outputs a .nfo file to the specified file

/report filename - Outputs a text-format file to the specified file

/computer computername - Connects to the specified computer

/categories (+|-)(all | categoryname) +|-(categoryname)... - Displays or outputs specified categories

/category categoryname - Sets focus to a specific category at startup

High-Level Categories

Category Heading              Category Switch=============================================System Summary                SystemSummaryHardware Resources            ResourcesComponents                    ComponentsSoftware Environment          SWEnv				
The following items are add-ons that may or may not be present.
Category Heading              Category Switch=============================================Internet Explorer 5            InternetExplorerApplications                   Apps				

Subcategories for Hardware Resources

Subcategory Heading              Subcategory Switch===================================================Conflict/Sharing                 ResourcesConflictsDMA                              ResourcesDMAForced Hardware                  ResourcesForcedHardwareI/O                              ResourcesIOIRQs                             ResourcesIRQSMemory                           ResourcesMemory				

Subcategories for Components

Subcategory Heading              Subcategory Switch===================================================Multimedia                       ComponentsMultimediaDisplay                          ComponentsDisplayInfrared                         ComponentsInfraredInput                            ComponentsInputModem                            ComponentsModemNetwork                          ComponentsNetworkPorts                            ComponentsPortsStorage                          ComponentsStoragePrinting                         ComponentsPrintingProblem Devices                  ComponentsProblemDevicesUSB                              ComponentsUSB				

Subcategory for Software Environment

Subcategory Heading              Subcategory Switch===================================================Drivers                          SWEnvDriversEnvironment Variables            SWEnvEnvVarsJobs                             SWEnvJobsNetwork Connections              SWEnvNetConnRunning Tasks                    SWEnvRunningTasksLoaded Modules                   SWEnvLoadedModulesServices                         SWEnvServicesProgram Groups                   SWEnvProgramGroupStartup Programs                 SWEnvStartupProgramsOLE Registration                 SWEnvOLEReg				
The following example gathers each high-level category into a separate .nfo file, which can be read by Msinfo32.exe.
start /wait msinfo32.exe /nfo syssum.nfo /categories +SystemSummarystart /wait msinfo32.exe /nfo cmpnt.nfo /categories +componentsstart /wait msinfo32.exe /nfo swenv.nfo /categories +swenvstart /wait msinfo32.exe /nfo hwdres.nfo /categories +resourcesstart /wait msinfo32.exe /nfo ie.nfo /categories +internetexplorerstart /wait msinfo32.exe /nfo apps.nfo /categories +Apps				
The following example gathers basic system summary information and conflicts into an .nfo file, which can be read by Msinfo32.exe.
start /wait msinfo32.exe /nfo conflicts.nfo /categories +systemsummary+componentsproblemdevices+resourcesconflicts+resourcesforcedhardware				
The Conflicts.nfo file that is created contains the following top-level categories:
System Summary
Hardware Resources
Under Hardware Resources, the Conflict/Sharing and Forced Hardware subcategories are present. Under Components, the Problem Devices subcategory is present.

The following example gathers the Software Environment information but does not include the Program Groups and Startup Programs subcategories. The .nfo file that is created can be read with Msinfo32.exe.

start /wait msinfo32.exe /nfo swenv.nfo /categories +swenv-swenvprogramgroup-swenvstartupprograms  				
NOTE: The start /wait switch is used in the examples for batch file and/or command-line execution from a Cmd.exe command prompt. The start switch is required to start Msinfo32.exe and the /wait switch does not process the next item until the current item completes. Using the start /wait switches ensures that the computer is not overloaded because some of the Msinfo32.exe categories can use a large amount of CPU time.
winmsd MSINOF32

Article ID: 255713 - Last Review: 06/19/2014 07:15:00 - Revision: 4.0

  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional Edition
  • kbhowto kbprogramming KB255713