# SUMIF, COUNTIF and COUNTBLANK functions return "#VALUE!" Error

##### Symptoms
A formula that contains the SUMIF, SUMIFS, COUNTIF, COUNTIFS or COUNTBLANK functions may return the "#VALUE!" error in Microsoft Excel.

Note This behavior also applies to the Dfunctions, such as DAVERAGE, DCOUNT, DCOUNTA, DGET, DMAX, DMIN, DPRODUCT, DSTDEV, DSTDEVP, DSUM, DVAR, and DVARP. OFFSET and INDIRECT functions also have this behavior.
##### Cause
This behavior occurs when the formula that contains the function refers to cells in a closed workbook and the cells are calculated.

Note If you open the referenced workbook, the formula works correctly.
##### Workaround
To work around this behavior, use a combination of the SUM and IF functionstogether in an array formula.

### Examples

Note You must enter each formula as an array formula. To enter an array formula in Microsoft Excel for Windows, press CTRL+SHIFT+ENTER.

#### SUMIF

Instead of using a formula that is similar to the following:
=SUMIF([Source]Sheet1!\$A\$1:\$A\$8,"a",[Source]Sheet1!\$B\$1:\$B\$8)
use the following formula:
=SUM(IF([Source]Sheet1!\$A\$1:\$A\$8="a",[Source]Sheet1!\$B\$1:\$B\$8,0))

#### COUNTIF

Instead of using a formula that is similar to the following:
=COUNTIF([Source]Sheet1!\$A\$1:\$A\$8,"a")
use the following formula:
=SUM(IF([Source]Sheet1!\$A\$1:\$A\$8="a",1,0))

#### COUNTBLANK

Instead of using a formula that is similar to the following:
=COUNTBLANK([Source]Sheet1!\$A\$1:\$A\$8)
use the following formula:
=SUM(IF([Source]Sheet1!\$A\$1:\$A\$8="",1,0))

For more information, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

When to use a SUM(IF()) array formula

Use a logical AND or OR to replace the SUMIFS or COUNTIFS function
How to use a logical AND or OR in a SUM+IF statement in Excel

##### Status
This behavior is by design.
The SUMIF function uses the following syntax:
=SUMIF(range, criteria, sum_range).
##### References
For more information about a wizard that can help you create these functions, click Microsoft Excel Help on the Help menu, type summarize values that meet conditions by using the conditional sum wizard in the Office Assistant or the Answer Wizard, and then click Search to view the topic.
For more information about array formulas, click Microsoft Excel Help on the Help menu, type about using formulas to calculate values on other worksheets and workbooks in the Office Assistant or the Answer Wizard, and then click Search to view the topic.
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Article ID: 260415 - Last Review: 09/23/2015 06:47:00 - Revision: 3.0

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