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How to change the display names of Active Directory users with Active Directory Services Interface script

This article was previously published under Q277717
This article describes how to change the display names of Active Directory users with Active Directory Services Interface (ADSI) script.
By default, when a new user is created, the Display Name box is generated in "FirstName LastName" format. You can change existing users to a "LastName, FirstName" format if you use ADSI Visual Basic (VB) scripting.

The default format of newly created users can be changed to reflect the LastName, FirstName format if you use the ADSI Edit utility, and then you alter the createDialog property in the DisplaySpecifiers node.For more information about how to change the default format, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
250455 How to change display names of Active Directory users
300427 How to change Active Directory display names
The following script can change existing users in a given organizational unit (OU) to the Lastname, Firstname format.
rem chgdisplay.vbs - Changes the display names of all users in a given OU to the rem format of Lastname, Firstname.rem Usage = cscript chgdisplay.vbs "OU=My Ou, DC=My Domain, DC=com"rem OU must be enclosed in quotes if it contains spaces in the nameDim strTargetOUParseCommandLine()wscript.echo strTargetOUwscript.echowscript.echo "Changing Display names of users in " & strTargetOUSet oTargetOU = GetObject("LDAP://" & strTargetOU)oTargetOU.Filter = Array("user")For each usr in oTargetOU	if instr(usr.SamAccountName, "$") = 0 then		vLast = usr.get("Sn")		vFirst = usr.get("GivenName") 		vFullname = vLast + "\, " + vFirst	    	usr.put "displayName", vFullName  	   	usr.setinfo		wscript.echo usr.displayName	end ifNextSub ParseCommandLine()  	Dim vArgs  	set vArgs = WScript.Arguments    	if vArgs.Count <> 1 then       		DisplayUsage()  	Else     		strTargetOU = vArgs(0)  	End ifEnd SubSub DisplayUsage()	WScript.Echo 	WScript.Echo "Usage:  cscript.exe " & WScript.ScriptName & " <Target OU to change users display names in>"  	WScript.Echo "Example: cscript " & WScript.ScriptName & " " & chr(34) & "OU=MyOU,DC=MyDomain,DC=com" & chr(34)	WScript.Quit(0)End Sub
Any users that are created after you make the change discussed in the preceding article (Q250455), can also have a different format for the Distinguished Name. For example, a user created with the default naming rule could have the following Distinguished Name:

Dn: CN=Joe Smith,OU=Sales,DC=acme,DC=com

A user created after this change to the default naming rule has the following Distinguished Name that contains an escape character before the comma:

Dn: CN=Smith\, John,OU=Sales,DC=acme,DC=com

The preceding suggestions should be considered if you use ADSI scripting to change the users. For example:
Set usr = GetObject("LDAP://CN=Smith\, John,OU=Sales,DC=acme,DC=com")usr.Put "pwdLastSet", CLng(0)usr.SetInfo
Note If you do not provide a surname or a given name, you may receive an error message.

Article ID: 277717 - Last Review: 10/31/2006 02:54:03 - Revision: 4.2

  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • kbenv kbhowto kbnetwork KB277717