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This article describes how to build a Site Replication Service (SRS) when you do not have a backup.
If you do not have a backup of the SRS, you can delete and re-create the entire service, as long as you have another Microsoft Exchange 2000 or a Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 computer in the site. If you have not yet installed a second Exchange 2000 or Exchange Server 2003 computer, you may install one temporarily, and then remove it after the recovery process has finished.
You are required to have another Exchange 2000 or Exchange Server 2003 computer because you are not permitted to delete the last SRS in a site until all servers in the site have been upgraded from Microsoft Exchange Server 5.5 to Exchange 2000 or Exchange Server 2003. This safeguard prevents you from severing the links between Exchange Server 5.5 and the Exchange 2000 or the Exchange Server 2003 computer in the site. If you will create a new SRS database on a server, you first must remove the existing service completely. When you add a second Exchange 2000 or Exchange Server 2003 computer to the site, you can delete any SRS you want if there is more than one SRS in the site.
Note This operation generates approximately the same amount of replication traffic as if you install two new Exchange Server 5.5 computers in the site.
To re-create an SRS: