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FIX: Aggregating ADO Recordsets or Commands May Cause Memory Leak

This article was previously published under Q283106
This article has been archived. It is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.
If a Visual C++ application or dynamic-link library (DLL) aggregates ActiveX Data Objects (ADO) Recordset or Command objects, a significant memory leak can occur due to resources that are not freed when the Release function is called on the object.

This occurs in all versions of ADO prior to and including version 2.6 RTM (2.60.6526).
Aggregation in Recordset and Command objects is implemented by using the CComAggObject classes in Active Template Library (ATL). CComAggObject deletes itself when its reference count goes to zero, and simply deletes the Recordset or Command object as well. The Recordset or Command object's Term function is never called, which is where the clean-up of allocated resources occurs.


To resolve this problem, obtain the latest service pack for Microsoft MDAC 2.5. For additional information, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
293312INFO: How to Obtain the Latest MDAC 2.5 Service Pack
This problem was corrected in Microsoft Data Access Components 2.6 Service Pack 1.
For additional information, click the article number below to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
300635 INFO: How to Obtain the Latest MDAC 2.6 Service Pack
The English version of this fix should have the following file attributes or later:

MDAC 2.5
   Date          Version        Size             File name   ------------------------------------------------------------   12/14/2000    2.53.6013.0     20,480 bytes    Msader15.dll	   12/14/2000    2.53.6013.0    491,792 bytes    Msado15.dll	   12/14/2000    2.53.6013.0    172,304 bytes    Msadomd.dll	   12/14/2000    2.53.6013.0     57,616 bytes    Msador15.dll	   12/14/2000    2.53.6013.0    188,688 bytes    Msadox.dll	   12/14/2000    2.53.6013.0     57,616 bytes    Msadrh15.dll	   	   12/14/2000    2.53.6013.0     94,480 bytes    Msjro.dll	   12/22/2000                   824,744 bytes    Q283106_w2k_sp3_x86_en.exe				


Microsoft has confirmed that this is a problem in the Microsoft products that are listed at the beginning of this article. This problem was first corrected in Microsoft MDAC 2.5 Service Pack 3. This problem was first corrected in Microsoft Data Access Components 2.6 Service Pack 1.

Windows 2000

Microsoft has confirmed that this is a problem in the Microsoft products that are listed at the beginning of this article.
This behavior is likely to be seen only when the application has been written in Visual C++, and when the developer deliberately aggregates Recordset or Command objects. This behavior does not occur in Microsoft Visual Basic applications, because aggregation is not possible from Visual Basic.

The MDAC 2.5 version of this hotfix can be applied over both 2.5 RTM (2.50.4403) and 2.5 SP1 (2.50.5303).

Steps to Reproduce Behavior

  1. Paste the following code into a new Visual C++ console application, and then compile and run the code.
    #include "objbase.h"#import "c:\Program Files\Common Files\System\ado\msado15.dll" no_namespace rename( "EOF", "adoEOF" )struct InitOle {  InitOle()  { ::CoInitialize(NULL); }  ~InitOle() { ::CoUninitialize();   }} _init_InitOle_; class MyClass : public IUnknown{public:	MyClass()	{		m_refCount = 0;	}	STDMETHODIMP_(ULONG) AddRef()  {		m_refCount++;		return m_refCount;  }	STDMETHODIMP_(ULONG) Release()	{		m_refCount--;		return m_refCount;  }	STDMETHODIMP QueryInterface(REFIID riid, void **ppv)	{		if (riid == IID_IUnknown) {			*ppv = static_cast<IUnknown *> (this);			AddRef();			return S_OK;		}		return E_NOINTERFACE;	}private:	ULONG m_refCount;	};int main(int argc, char* argv[])  {	MyClass cls;	HRESULT hr;	IUnknown *pUnkInner;	CoInitialize(NULL);	cls.AddRef();	for (int i=0; i<10000; i++)	{		//while (true) {		pUnkInner = NULL;		hr = CoCreateInstance(__uuidof(Recordset), &cls, CLSCTX_INPROC_SERVER, IID_IUnknown,			(void **) &pUnkInner);		pUnkInner->Release();	}	return 0;}					
  2. Start Performance Monitor, and select the Private Bytes counter for the running executable. Note that there is an increasing amount of memory allocated that is never freed.
recordset command memory leak aggregate aggregation cocreateinstance

Article ID: 283106 - Last Review: 02/27/2014 21:07:11 - Revision: 3.2

Microsoft ActiveX Data Objects 2.0, Microsoft ActiveX Data Objects 2.1, Microsoft ActiveX Data Objects 2.5, Microsoft ActiveX Data Objects 2.6, Microsoft Data Access Components 2.0, Microsoft Data Access Components 2.1, Microsoft Data Access Components 2.5, Microsoft Data Access Components 2.6, Microsoft Visual C++ 6.0 Enterprise Edition, Microsoft Visual C++ 6.0 Professional Edition, Microsoft Visual C++, 32-bit Learning Edition 6.0

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