This article was previously published under Q290359
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The Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications Str() function returns thestring representation of a numeric value represented as (n). Positivenumbers and zeros are converted to a string with a leading space character.
This article discusses methods that can be used to remove the leadingspace for values converted to strings.
Microsoft provides programming examples for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied. This includes, but is not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. This article assumes that you are familiar with the programming language that is being demonstrated and with the tools that are used to create and to debug procedures. Microsoft support engineers can help explain the functionality of a particular procedure, but they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality or construct procedures to meet your specific requirements. The following macro code sample converts a numeric value to a stringvalue. The variable "lastName" is then joined with "empcode" and stored inthe variable "license":
The following macro code sample converts a numeric value to a stringvalue, and then removes the leading space that was automatically added byStr() using the LTrim$() function. The variable "lastName" is then joinedwith "empcode" and stored in the variable "license":
In Visual Basic for Applications, you can convert numeric valuesto string values with the Visual Basic for Applications CStr() function.The function drops the leading space automatically without the need forusing the Trim$() function, as in the following example:
The Str() function is used to convert a numeric value to a string. Thiscan be useful when you use the MsgBox statement to concatenate text and anumeric variable. Note that the leading space that is generated by theStr() function makes it unnecessary to add an extra space between the twovalues in the MsgBox statement. For example:
sValue = Str(457)MsgBox "Total sales equal" & sValue' Result is: Total sales equal 457
The correct syntax for concatenating text and the contents of a numericvariable is as follows:
MsgBox "Total sales equal " & 457' Result is: Total sales equal 457
MsgBox "Total sales equal" & Str(457)' Result is: Total sales equal 457
MsgBox "Total sales equal " & CStr(457)' Result is: Total sales equal 457