This article was previously published under Q291323
For a Microsoft Excel 2000 version of this article, see 213649.
For a Microsoft Excel 98 and earlier version of this article, see 141094.
Although Microsoft Excel has functions that change the case of text, there are times when you may want to change text case programmatically.
This article contains three sample Microsoft Visual Basic for Applicationsmacros (Sub procedures) that you can use to change the letters in a text string to all uppercase, all lowercase, or title case (the first letter in each word is capitalized). These actions are similar to the Excel functions, =UPPER(), =LOWER(), and =PROPER().
Microsoft provides programming examples for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied. This includes, but is not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. This article assumes that you are familiar with the programming language that is being demonstrated and with the tools that are used to create and to debug procedures. Microsoft support engineers can help explain the functionality of a particular procedure, but they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality or construct procedures to meet your specific requirements.
Macro to Change All Text in a Range to Uppercase Letters
Sub Uppercase() ' Loop to cycle through each cell in the specified range. For Each x In Range("A1:A5") ' Change the text in the range to uppercase letters. x.Value = UCase(x.value) NextEnd Sub
Macro to Change All Text in a Range to Lowercase Letters
Sub Lowercase() ' Loop to cycle through each cell in the specified range. For Each x In Range("B1:B5") x.Value = LCase(x.Value) NextEnd Sub
Macro to Change All Text in a Cell Range to Initial Capital Letters
Sub Proper_Case() ' Loop to cycle through each cell in the specified range. For Each x In Range("C1:C5") ' There is not a Proper function in Visual Basic for Applications. ' So, you must use the worksheet function in the following form: x.Value = Application.Proper(x.Value) NextEnd Sub
Testing the Sample Macros
To test the sample macros, follow these steps:
In the same workbook that contains the macros, enter the following sample data into a new worksheet:
A1: toM B1: toM C1: toM A2: sUe B2: sUe C2: sUe A3: joe SMITH B3: joe SMITH C3: joe SMITH A4: mary B4: mary C4: mary A5: LORI B5: LORI C5: LORI
NOTE: This sample data contains text formatted in various cases that you can use to verify how each macro works.
Run each of the macros.
The text in the range specified in the macro (in the line that reads "Foreach x in ...") will be formatted in uppercase, lowercase, or initialcapitals, as appropriate.
For more information about how to use worksheet functions to change the case of text, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
Microsoft Office Excel 2007, Microsoft Excel 2002 Standard Edition, Microsoft Excel 2000 Standard Edition, Microsoft Excel 97 Standard Edition, Microsoft Excel 2004 for Mac, Microsoft Excel X for Mac, Microsoft Excel 2001 for Mac, Microsoft Office Excel 2003, Microsoft Excel 2010