You have a computer that's running Windows Server 2012 R2.
The computer is running the Server Core installation option.
The Server Core option was installed by using Volume Licensing media that doesn't have access to Windows Update.
In this scenario, the feature installation fails. Also, you receive the following error message:
The source files could not be found. Use the "Source" option to specify the location of the files that are required to restore the feature. For more information on specifying a source location, see http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=243077.
To resolve this problem, use one of the following methods.
Method 1: Connect to the Internet
If the server can connect to Windows Update for the feature installation, let the server make the connection.
Method 2: Use Windows Server 2012 R2 installation media
If the server cannot connect to Windows Update, download the new Volume Licening media (released on December 11, 2013) and use the Install-WindowsFeature PowerShell command. To do this, follow these steps:
Insert the updated Windows Server 2012 R2 DVD into the computer's DVD drive.
Type the following command to determine the index number that's required for steps 3 and 4.
Note In this command, <drive> represents the actual drive letter.
Example output from the DISM command:
Index : 1 Name : Windows Server 2012 R2 SERVERSTANDARDCORE Description : Windows Server 2012 R2 SERVERSTANDARDCORE Size : 6,653,342,051 bytes Index : 2 Name : Windows Server 2012 R2 SERVERSTANDARD Description : Windows Server 2012 R2 SERVERSTANDARD Size : 11,807,528,410 bytes Index : 3 Name : Windows Server 2012 R2 SERVERDATACENTERCORE Description : Windows Server 2012 R2 SERVERDATACENTERCORE Size : 6,653,031,430 bytes Index : 4 Name : Windows Server 2012 R2 SERVERDATACENTER Description : Windows Server 2012 R2 SERVERDATACENTER Size : 11,809,495,151 bytes
Note When you specify the <index> number in the Install-WindowsFeature PowerShell cmdlet in step 4, you must use the index number for the full (non-core) version of the SKU that you currently have installed. For example, if you have Windows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter installed, the required index number is 4. If you have Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard installed, the required index number is 2.
Open a PowerShell command prompt by typing the following command:
Type the following PowerShell command, in which <drive> represents the location of the Windows Server 2012 R2 installation files and <index> represents the numbered index from step 2:
The Windows Server 2012 R2 Volume Licensing media was designed to require access to Windows Update in order to add optional components or features that are not included in the side-by-side repository. If the server doesn't have Internet access, or if access to Windows Update has been restricted, you can't enable optional components or features by using the DISM command, Windows PowerShell cmdlets, or Server Manager.
Microsoft has confirmed this to be a problem in the packaging of volume licensed media for Windows Server 2012 R2. This behavior is not by design and has been corrected in the Volume Licensing build that was rereleased on December 11, 2013. Please use the new media for any Windows Server 2012 R2 installations. See the "Resolution" section to resolve this problem on servers on which you can't install features.
FOD Features on Demand Server Core GUI Enable-Feature LimitAccess