This article provides a step-by-step guide for setting up a File Transfer Protocol (FTP) server in a Microsoft Windows 2000 environment for anonymous access.
Installing Internet Information Services
Because FTP depends on Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS), you must first make sure that IIS is installed. To install IIS and the FTP service, follow these steps:
Click Start, point to Settings, and then click Control Panel.
In Control Panel, double-click Add/Remove Programs.
Select Add/Remove Windows Components.
In the Windows Components Wizard, select Internet Information Services (IIS), then click Details.
Select Common Files, Documentation, File Transfer Protocol (FTP) Server, and Internet Information Services Snap-In, and then click OK.
If you are prompted to configure Terminal Services, click Next.
If you are prompted for a path for a FTP root folder, type a suitable folder path. The default is C:\Inetpub\Ftproot. For additional security, an NTFS drive is preferred. Click OK to continue.
When you are prompted, insert the Windows 2000 CD or provide a path to the location of the files, and then click OK.
IIS and the FTP service are now installed, but you must configure the FTP service before you can use it.
Configuring the FTP service
To configure the FTP service, follow these steps:
Click Start, click Programs, click Administrative Tools, and then click Internet Services Manager. (In Windows 2000 Professional, you can access Administrative Tools from Control Panel.)
Click the plus sign (+) next to the server name.
Right-click Default FTP Site, and then click Properties.
Click the Security Accounts tab.
Select Allow Anonymous Connections, and then select Allow Only Anonymous Connections.
Note Set appropriate NTFS permissions for the Internet Guest Account. To reduce security issues, consider using Basic Authentication on the FTP site. To do this, clear the Allow Anonymous Connections check box. When you do this, users must log on by using a user name and password that correspond to a valid Windows user account.
Click the Home Directory tab.
Select Read and Log Visits, and clear Write.
Click OK to save these settings.
The server is now configured to accept incoming FTP requests. The files that you want to make available should now be copied into the folder for access.