This step-by-step guide is intended for users who want to perform maintenance on disk volumes on Windows 2000-based servers or desktops. Analyzing and defragmenting disk volumes can help preserve the performance and general operation of the system.
Because defragmenting a disk volume can take a long time. (This depends on the size of the volume, the number of files, the percentage of fragmentation, and the availability of system resources.) You should analyze volumes before defragmenting them, to decide whether or not it is worthwhile to take the time to run the defragmentation process.
If the Disk Defragmenter tool is not already running, click Start, point to Programs, point to Accessories, point to System Tools, and then click Disk Defragmenter.
Click the volume that you want to defragment.
Click Defragment to begin the operation.
Review the progress of the operation in the Defragmentation Display window. Fragmented files on the disk appear in red, contiguous files are blue, and system files are green. The goal is to eliminate most of the red in this window.
Although any user can gain access to the Disk Defragmenter tool, the ability to analyze or defragment a volume requires administrator privileges. To run the defragmentation operation you must be logged on as an administrator or as a member of the local Administrators group.