How to determine browser type in server-side code without the BrowserType object in ASP.NET

This article was previously published under Q306576
For more information, click the following article numbers to view the articles in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
272413 How to determine browser type in server-side script without the BrowserType object
167820 How to determine browser version from a script

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SUMMARY
This step-by-step article demonstrates how to determine the client browser type in server-side code without using the BrowserType object in ASP.NET.

In classic Microsoft Active Server Pages (ASP), the two most common methods to determine the client browser type are to use the BrowserType component or the Request.ServerVariables("HTTP_USER_AGENT") variable. Although you can use these methods in ASP.NET, you can also use the new properties that ASP.NET provides. In ASP.NET, the Request object includes a property named Browser that contains rich information about client browser capabilities such as browser name, browser version, and whether JavaScript, ActiveX controls, cookies, and frames are supported.

NOTE: This article assumes that you have ASP.NET and Visual Studio .NET installed on your computer.

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Using the HTTP_USER_AGENT Header to Determine the Browser Version

In ASP.NET, you can access the Request.ServerVariables collection or use the new Request.UserAgent property to retrieve the HTTP_USER_AGENT header value. You can parse this string to determine the browser name, the major and minor versions of the browser, and if the browser is a beta release.

The following list includes two sample user agent strings:
  • When you browse with Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 Beta, you may receive a user agent string similar to the following:
    User Agent :: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0b; Windows NT 5.1; .NET CLR 1.0.2914)
  • When you browse with Internet Explorer 5.5, you may receive the following user agent string:
    User Agent :: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 5.5; Windows NT 5.0)
For more information about parsing the User Agent variable, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
272413 How to determine browser type in server-side script without the BrowserType object
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Using the Request.Browser Object to Determine the Browser Version

In ASP.NET, the Request object contains a property named Browser that returns an object of type HttpBrowserCapabilities. This object contains properties such as browser, version, major version, and minor version that you can use to determine the client browser type.

Follow these steps to create a simple ASP.NET application using Visual Basic .NET that writes the browser name and versions back to the client browser in HTML:
  1. From the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Visual Studio.NET, and click Microsoft Visual Studio.NET.
  2. Click New Project.
  3. In the New Project dialog box, under Project Type, click Visual Basic Projects. Under Templates, click ASP.NET Web Application. In the Name text box, type a name for the application.
  4. Double-click in the Design window of Webform1.
  5. Replace the code for the Page_Load event with the following code:
        Private Sub Page_Load(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) _    Handles MyBase.Load        Response.Write("<B>User Agent ::</B> " & Request.UserAgent & "<BR>")        Response.Write("<B>Browser ::</B> " & Request.Browser.Browser & "<BR>")        Response.Write("<B>Version ::</B> " & Request.Browser.Version & "<BR>")        Response.Write("<B>Major::</B> " & Request.Browser.MajorVersion() & "<BR>")        Response.Write("<B>Minor::</B> " & Request.Browser.MinorVersion() & "<BR>")    End Sub					
  6. Press the CTRL+S key combination to save the file.
  7. On the Build menu, click Build.
  8. After the build is complete, either click Start, or right-click Webform1.aspx in Solution Explorer, and then click View in Browser.
  9. In the browser window, notice that the User Agent string appears and includes the browser name, version, major versions, and minor versions.
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Αναγνωριστικό άρθρου: 306576 - Τελευταία αναθεώρηση: 12/27/2005 17:46:05 - Αναθεώρηση: 3.5

Microsoft ASP.NET 1.1, Microsoft ASP.NET 1.0

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