This article shows you how to programmatically change the
connection of a Microsoft Access project (ADP) file.
The easiest way to change the connection of an ADP is to do
it manually. You can access the current project's connection properties as
follows in Access 2002 or in Access 2003: on the File
menu, click Connection
. The dialog box that appears gives you options to change the
server name and security modes, among other properties.Note
In Access 2007, follow these steps to open the Connection
tab of the Data Link Properties
- Click the Microsoft Office Button, and then click Access Options.
- On the Customize tab, click All Commands in the Choose commands from list.
- Click Connection in the left pane, click Add, and then click OK.
- Click Connection in the Quick Access Toolbar.
sometimes, you might want to automate the process. You may want users to
connect to a different SQL server for a specific section of your application,
or you may want to control the connection process upon startup so that you can
look for errors and handle them accordingly, perhaps by routing to another
The following steps use a function that demonstrates how to
change the existing connection of an ADP by using the Access object model. The
function returns True
if it succeeds and False
if it does not succeed.
- Start Access, and then open the sample Access project
- In Access 2002 or in Access 2003, click Modules under Objects in the Database window, and then click New to open a new module.
In Access 2007, click the down arrow below Macro in the Other group on the Create tab, and then click Module.
- Add the following code to the new module, and then save the
Function ChangeADPConnection(strServerName As String, strDBName As _
String, Optional strUN As String, Optional strPW As String) As Boolean
Dim strConnect As String
On Error GoTo EH:
'The Provider, Data Source, and Initial Catalog arguments are required.
strConnect = "Provider=SQLOLEDB.1" & _
";Data Source=" & strServerName & _
";Initial Catalog=" & strDBName
If strUN <> "" Then
strConnect = strConnect & ";user id=" & strUN
If strPW <> "" Then
strConnect = strConnect & ";password=" & strPW
Else 'Try to use integrated security if no username is supplied.
strConnect = strConnect & ";integrated security=SSPI"
ChangeADPConnection = True
MsgBox Err.Number & ": " & Err.Description, vbCritical, "Connection Error"
ChangeADPConnection = False
- In Access 2002 or in Access 2003 click Forms under Objects in the Database window, click New, and then click OK to open a new form in Design view.
In Access 2007, click Form on the Create tab.
- Add a command button to the form.
- Set the OnClick property of the command button to the following event procedure:
Dim bCheckConnection As Boolean
'You must specify the correct parameters for your following server.
'username and password parameters are optional.
- Close the Visual Basic environment to return to the
- Save the form, and then switch the form to Form
- Click the command button to run the underlying
You will receive a message box that says True if you supplied correct parameters for a connection in step 6.
If you did not supply the correct parameters, you
receive the error message. When you click OK to the error
message, you get the message box that displays False .
Article ID: 306881 - Last Review: April 9, 2007 - Revision: 5.1
- Microsoft Office Access 2007
- Microsoft Office Access 2003
- Microsoft Access 2002 Standard Edition
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