This article describes how to change the Internet Protocol (IP) address that is assigned to a network adapter. An IP address may be assigned automatically if your network has a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server, or you can specify an IP address.
Follow these steps to assign an IP address to the network adapter.
Click Use the following IP address if you want to specify the IP address for the network adapter.
In the IP address box, type the IP address that you want to be assigned to this network adapter. This IP address must be a unique address in the range of addresses that are available for your network. Contact the network administrator to obtain a list of valid IP addresses for your network.
In the Subnet mask box, type the subnet mask for your network.
In the Default gateway box, type the IP address of the computer or device on your network that connects your network to another network, or to the Internet.
In the Preferred DNS server box, type the IP address of the computer that resolves host names to IP addresses.
In the Alternate DNS server box, type the IP address of the DNS computer that you want to use if the preferred DNS server becomes unavailable.
Click OK. In the Local Area Connection Properties dialog box, click OK.
There is an IP address conflict: If you attempt to assign an IP address that is already in use, you receive the following error message:
The static IP address that was just configured is already in use on the network. Please reconfigure a different IP address.
In this case, assign an unused IP address to the network adapter.
Your computer cannot connect to other computers on the network: If you assign an incorrect subnet mask address to the network adapter, the computer is effectively located on a different network. You cannot connect to other computers on the network.
Your computer cannot connect to other computers by using host names: If you assign an incorrect DNS server IP address, or if you do not use a DNS server, you cannot connect to computers by using their host names. This prevents you from browsing the Internet. You can connect to other computers by using their IP addresses.
You can work around this issue in a local network by adding host-name-to-IP-address mappings in a Hosts file.