This article was previously published under Q310316
In Microsoft Windows 2000, in Microsoft Windows Server 2003, and in Microsoft Windows XP, you have the option of using either the FAT32 file system or the NTFS file system. When you use NTFS, you can grant permissions to your folders and files to control access to those objects. When you copy or move a file or folder on an NTFS volume, how Windows Explorer handles the permissions on the object varies, depending on whether the object is copied or moved within the same NTFS volume or to a different volume. This article describes how Windows Explorer handles file and folder permissions in different situations.
By default, an object inherits permissions from its parent object, either at the time of creation or when it is copied or moved to its parent folder. The only exception to this rule occurs when you move an object to a different folder on the same volume. In this case, the original permissions are retained.
Additionally, note the following rules:
The Everyone group is granted Allow Full Control permissions to the root of each NTFS drive.
Deny permissions always take precedence over Allow permissions.
Explicit permissions take precedence over inherited permissions.
If NTFS permissions conflict -- for example, if group and user permissions are contradictory -- the most liberal permissions take precedence.
Permissions are cumulative.
To preserve permissions when files and folders are copied or moved, use the Xcopy.exe utility with the /O or the /X switch.
The object’s original permissions will be added to inheritable permissions in the new location.
To add an object's original permissions to inheritable permissions when you copy or move an object, use the Xcopy.exe utility with the –O and –X switches.
To preserve existing permissions without adding inheritable permissions from the parent folder, use the Robocopy.exe utility, which is available in the Windows 2000 Resource Kit. For additional information about the Windows 2000 Resource Kit, visit the following Microsoft Web site:
You can modify how Windows Explorer handles permissions when objects are copied or moved to another NTFS volume. When you copy or move an object to another volume, the object inherits the permissions of its new folder. However, if you want to modify this behavior to preserve the original permissions, modify the registry as follows.
Important This section, method, or task contains steps that tell you how to modify the registry. However, serious problems might occur if you modify the registry incorrectly. Therefore, make sure that you follow these steps carefully. For added protection, back up the registry before you modify it. Then, you can restore the registry if a problem occurs. For more information about how to back up and restore the registry, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
322756 How to back up and restore the registry in Windows
Click Start, click Run, type regedit in the Open box, and then press ENTER.
On the Edit menu, click Add Value, and then add the following registry value:
Value name: ForceCopyAclwithFile Data type: DWORD Value data: 1
Exit Registry Editor.
You can modify how Windows Explorer handles permissions when objects are moved in the same NTFS volume. As mentioned, when an object is moved within the same volume, the object preserves its permissions by default. However, if you want to modify this behavior so that the object inherits the permissions from the parent folder, modify the registry as follows:
Click Start, click Run, type regedit, and then press ENTER.
Locate and then click the following registry subkey:
Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition (32-bit x86), Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter x64 Edition, Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition (32-bit x86), Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise x64 Edition, Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition (32-bit x86), Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard x64 Edition, Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Web Edition, Microsoft Windows XP Professional, Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition, Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional Edition, Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server, Microsoft Windows 2000 Server