Article ID: 316639 - View products that this article applies to.
This step-by-step article describes how to prepare to upgrade from Microsoft Windows 98 or Microsoft Windows Millennium Edition to Microsoft Windows XP. The information in this article may be useful to help you avoid some common upgrade-related issues.
Windows XP Home
Windows XP Professional
If you are considering an upgrade to Windows XP Home Edition or to Windows XP Professional, and you do not have a Windows XP CD-ROM, you can download the Windows XP Upgrade Advisor. To do this, visit the following Microsoft Web site, and then click Download the Upgrade Advisor:
http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/home/upgrading/advisor.mspxIf you start the Windows XP Setup program to start the upgrade while you are running another operating system, Windows XP automatically runs the Windows XP Upgrade Advisor. However, in this case the Windows XP Upgrade Advisor generates a limited report that only describes the blocking issues, not the whole report. If you want to create the full report (that is saved as the Upgrade.txt file) without upgrading, run the winnt32 /checkupgradeonly command from the I386 folder on the Windows XP CD-ROM.
Note If you select Dynamic Update when you run the winnt32 /checkupgradeonly command, the appropriate drivers and fixes are downloaded. Therefore, when you run the upgrade and select Dynamic Update (recommended), you do not have to download the drivers again.
To run the winnt32 /checkupgradeonly command:
To look for software upgrades that may be available, visit the following Microsoft Web site:
http://update.microsoft.comAlso, contact your software manufacturers for any upgrade packs that may be available. If a program requires an upgrade pack to run with Windows XP, you must have the upgrade pack during the upgrade. If it is not available, you may have to reinstall the program after you upgrade to Windows XP.
For additional information about upgrade packs, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
231418Look in the software listing for software that may have to be reinstalled after the upgrade or for software that requires an upgrade before it can work with Windows XP. You may want to determine if there are any updates or service packs that are available for the software before you start the upgrade. If you have these updates available during the upgrade, the software may work correctly with Windows XP. Additionally, if you are not sure about the compatibility of particular software, we recommend that you remove the software before you upgrade the operating system because you may not be able to correctly remove it after you upgrade to Windows XP.
(https://support.microsoft.com/kb/231418/ )Specifying additional upgrade packs when upgrading from Windows 95/98 to Windows 2000
Note If your computer has one or more compressed drives or one or more programs or services are running, the Windows XP Upgrade Advisor or a Windows XP upgrade may not work.
For additional information about Dynamic Update, click the following article numbers to view the articles in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
(https://support.microsoft.com/kb/311220/ )Description of the Dynamic Update feature in Windows XP Setup
(https://support.microsoft.com/kb/314582/ )List of fixes that are included in the Windows XP Dynamic Update 1.2 package
For additional information about how to access your CD-ROM drive in safe mode, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
(https://support.microsoft.com/kb/194846/ )How to make your CD-ROM drive accessible in safe mode
Back up your computer contents, including all your data, before you start the upgrade. With this backup, you can easily restore your data files if you decide to reinstall your previous operating system.
For additional information about how to make a backup of your Windows 98-based or Windows Millennium Edition-based computer, click the following article numbers to view the articles in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
(https://support.microsoft.com/kb/188575/ )How to back up to removable media device using Microsoft Backup
(https://support.microsoft.com/kb/182624/ )Microsoft Backup system requirements for Windows 98
(https://support.microsoft.com/kb/187526/ )How to restore Windows 98 from a full system backup
Warning If you upgrade or flash the BIOS with an incorrect version for your specific motherboard, you can severely damage the motherboard. Therefore, do not work with the BIOS of your computer unless you are very familiar with how to do this, or you have obtained thorough instructions about how to safely do so.
For information about hardware and BIOS updates, visit the following third-party Web site:
http://www.wimsbios.com/Microsoft provides third-party contact information to help you find technical support. This contact information may change without notice. Microsoft does not guarantee the accuracy of this third-party contact information.
In some cases, Windows XP Setup turns off antivirus software during the upgrade, but in other cases, you must turn off the software first. Most antivirus software must be updated to work correctly with Windows XP. For more information about how to disable your antivirus software, see the documentation or online help.
For additional information about how to uncompress compressed drives, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
Windows is installed on a Drivespace, Doublespace, or other compressed drive. XP does not support compressed drives. You must uncompress before upgrade.
(https://support.microsoft.com/kb/96250/ )How to remove DoubleSpace and preserve your files
For additional information about using the Scandisk tool, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
(https://support.microsoft.com/kb/186365/ )Description of ScanDisk for Windows (Scandskw.exe) in Windows 98/Me
For additional information about Scanreg.exe, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
(https://support.microsoft.com/kb/183887/ )Description of the Windows Registry Checker tool (Scanreg.exe)
This article refers to an old version of Windows. If you need help about how to install, reinstall, or uninstall Windows, visit the following Microsoft Web site:
http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/home/upgrading/matrix.mspxFor information about how upgrade to Windows XP Professional, visit the following Microsoft Web site:
(https://support.microsoft.com/kb/292607/ )Windows XP supported upgrade paths
(https://support.microsoft.com/kb/283253/ )How to upgrade Windows 98 or Windows Millennium Edition profiles to Windows XP domain user profiles
(https://support.microsoft.com/kb/310064/ )How to troubleshoot Windows XP Setup problems when you upgrade from Windows 98 or Windows Me
(https://support.microsoft.com/kb/315334/ )'D:\i386\win9xupg\w95upg.dll' error message when you attempt to upgrade to Windows XP
(https://support.microsoft.com/kb/308368/ )Windows XP Upgrade Advisor warning about the IrDA protocol
(https://support.microsoft.com/kb/315333/ )Upgrade report about GoBack during upgrade to Windows XP
(https://support.microsoft.com/kb/312368/ )Data loss may occur after reinstalling, repairing, or upgrading Windows XP
(https://support.microsoft.com/kb/298427/ )How to restore the disabled startup programs after an upgrade from Windows 95, Windows 98, or Windows Millennium Edition
(https://support.microsoft.com/kb/303160/ )'Uninstall option not available' error message when you upgrade your computer to Windows XP
(https://support.microsoft.com/kb/314057/ )'NTLDR is missing' error message when you upgrade or install Windows XP over Windows 95, Windows 98, or Windows Millennium Edition
(https://support.microsoft.com/kb/310562/ )Passwords are lost after upgrading to Windows XP
Article ID: 316639 - Last Review: June 19, 2014 - Revision: 12.0