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FIX: Unexpected LNK2020 unresolved token error during build

This article was previously published under Q326813
This article has been archived. It is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.
During the build of a Visual C++ project, you may incorrectly receive the following error message:
LINK : error LNK2020: unresolved token (0A000008) CreateM
LINK : fatal error LNK1120: 1 unresolved externals
Note The actual token number and name ('0A000008' and 'CreateM' respectively in this sample error message) vary from project to project but the linker errors (LNK2020 and LNK1120) are consistent. There are circumstances in which these errors message are correct. For more information, search the Visual C++ documentation for these linker errors.
Because of a bug in the C++ compiler, some programming constructs that involve variable argument lists (...) can create this problem. For example, you receive the error message that appears in the "Symptoms" section when you compile and then link the following code samples:
class M { public: M() {} }; M CreateM(int i, ...) { return(M()); } void Test() { CreateM(1, 2, 3, 4); } 				
#include <string>std::string FormatString(char* lpszFormat, ...){return(std::string());}void test(){FormatString("hello", 1);}				

Service pack information

To resolve this problem, obtain the latest service pack for Microsoft Visual Studio .NET. For more information, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
837234 List of bugs that are fixed in Visual Studio .NET 2002 Service Pack 1

Hotfix information

The English version of this fix has the file attributes (or later) that are listed in the following table. The dates and times for these files are listed in coordinated universal time (UTC). When you view the file information, it is converted to local time. To find the difference between UTC and local time, use the Time Zone tab in the Date and Time tool in Control Panel.
   Date          Time    Version       Size        File name   ---------------------------------------------------------   24-JUL-2002   01:41   13.0.9521.0   2,105,344   c1xx.dll				

Note After you install the hotfix, you must fully rebuild any affected projects to repair the error.
To work around this problem, do not use the variable argument list (...), or change the return type of the function to be a simpler type (not a string or class, as appear in the sample code in the "Cause" section).
Microsoft has confirmed that this is a problem in the Microsoft products that are listed in the "Applies to" section.
This problem was first corrected in Visual Studio .NET 2002 Service Pack 1.

Article ID: 326813 - Last Review: 12/07/2015 12:02:08 - Revision: 3.1

Microsoft Visual C++ .NET 2002 Standard Edition, Microsoft Visual Studio .NET 2002 Professional Edition, Microsoft Visual Studio .NET 2002 Enterprise Architect, Microsoft Visual Studio .NET 2002 Enterprise Developer

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