WD: How to Change the Spacing Between Letters

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Kerning characters brings them closer together or pushes them furtherapart. For example, you might kern the word "To" so that the "o" tucksnicely under the top of the "T".


Word Versions 6.0 and 98

  1. Select the characters you want to kern.
  2. On the Format menu, click Font.
  3. Select the Character Spacing tab.
  4. Select the Kerning For Fonts check box and click Points and Above.
  5. To increase or decrease the space between characters, select Spacing and select either condensed or expanded from the list.

    You can change the default Expanded or Condensed spacing by typing your change in the By box.
To kern all occurrences of particular letter combinations at once, use thesteps for Word 5.0 and 5.1.

Word Versions 5.0 and 5.1

To kern characters in Word, follow these steps:

  1. Select the characters you want to kern.
  2. On the Format menu, click Character.
  3. To increase the space between characters, select the Expanded option. To decrease the space between characters, select the Condensed option. You can change the default Expanded or Condensed spacing by typing your change in the By box.
  4. Click OK.
Your text should move to reflect the change.

You can also kern all occurrences of a particular letter combination atonce. For example, you can kern all occurrences of the word "To" so thatthe "T" and the "o" are closer together by doing the following:

  1. On the Edit menu, click Replace.
  2. In the Find What box, type To.
  3. In the Replace With box, type To.
  4. From the Replace With list menu, select Character.
  5. In the Character dialog box, set the desired kerning options, and then click OK.
  6. Select the Match Case option.
  7. Perform the Find And Replace operation.
Word should replace each "To" with the word "To" kerned to yourspecification.

NOTE: Word versions 5.0 and 5.1 allow you to decrease the space betweenletters by up to 1.75 points. Especially with larger font sizes, this maynot allow letters to be kerned sufficiently tightly. For better results,try the following method for Word 4.0 users.

Word Version 4.0

In Word 4.0, you can use a formula to kern characters. The Displace formulaallows you to move a pair of characters closer together or further apart inincrements of one point. You can then perform a global search for the pairthat you want to kern and replace it with your formula.

For example, a common kerned pair is "To". The formula for this pair is"T\d\ba2()o", where the "\" is created by pressing the COMMAND+OPTION+\ keys, and "2" is the number of points you want the following letter tomove. Once this formula is created, use the following steps to change alloccurrences of "To" in your document:

  1. Select the formula and click Copy on the Edit menu.
  2. From the Utilities menu, choose Change.
  3. In the "Find What:" box, enter the pair you want to kern (in this example, the letters "To"). Check the Match Upper/Lowercase option, if applicable.
  4. Put the cursor in the Change To box and choose Paste from the Edit menu. This puts the formula in the "Change To:" box.
  5. Click the Change All button to change all occurrences of "To" with the formula.
"Microsoft Word User's Guide," version 5.0, page 137 and page 786

"Microsoft Word User's Guide," version 4.0, pages 100-101
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Article ID: 48042 - Last Review: 12/04/2015 09:03:47 - Revision: 4.0

Microsoft Word 4.0 for Macintosh, Microsoft Word 5.0 for Macintosh, Microsoft Word 5.1 for Macintosh, Microsoft Word 6.0 for Macintosh, Microsoft Word 98 for Macintosh

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