When you try to use Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) to change the properties of a document, you may receive one of the following error messages:
Run-time error '4248': This command is not available because no document is open.
Run-time error '4605': This method or property is not available because a document window is not active.
Run-time error '5941': The requested member of the collection does not exist.
This problem may occur if you do not have a document open, or if the document that you are referencing is not open. Word can only change the properties of an open (or visible) document.
Note These error messages may also appear if you open the document with the Visible property set to False.
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For more information about the support options that are available and about how to contact Microsoft, visit the following Microsoft Web site:http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=fh;EN-US;CNTACTMS For additional information about how to use the sample code that is included in this article, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
290140 OFFXP: How to Run Sample Code from Knowledge Base Articles
The following sample VBA macros demonstrate how to change the value of the Title field in the Properties dialog box. The following sample also includes code to trap the error, in case there are no documents open, and to display a message:
Sub ChangeDocProperties() On Error GoTo ErrHandler ActiveDocument.BuiltInDocumentProperties("Title") = "My Title" Exit Sub ErrHandler: If Err <> 0 Then' ' Display an error message.' MsgBox Err.Description' ' Clear the error.' Err.Clear Resume Next End If End Sub
The following sample macro includes code that will do the following:
Trap the error, in case there are no documents open.
In the error trap, create a new document.
Resume execution at the line that caused the error.
Sub ChangeDocProperties() On Error GoTo ErrHandler ActiveDocument.BuiltInDocumentProperties("Title") = "My Title" Exit Sub ErrHandler: If Err <> 0 Then' ' Add a document.' Documents.Add' ' Clear the error.' Err.Clear'' Run the code that caused the error.' Resume End If End Sub
For additional information about how to get help with VBA, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
305326 OFFXP: Programming Resources for Visual Basic for Applications