This step-by-step article describes how to install and
configure DNS on your Windows Server 2003 computer.
Before You Start
Before you start to configure your DNS, you must gather some basic
information. Internic must approve some of this information for use on the
Internet, but if you are configuring this server for internal use only, you can
decide what names and IP addresses to use.
You must have the
Your domain name (approved by Internic).
The IP address and host name of each server that you want
to provide name resolution for.
Note: The servers may be your mail servers, public access servers, FTP
servers, WWW servers, and others.
Before you configure your computer
as a DNS, verify that the following conditions are true:
Your operating system is configured correctly. In the
Windows Server 2003 family, the DNS service depends on the correct
configuration of the operating system and its services, such as TCP/IP. If you
have a new installation of a Windows Server 2003 operating system, then you can
use the default service settings. You do not have to take additional action.
You have allocated all the available disk space.
All the existing disk volumes use the NTFS file system.
FAT32 volumes are not secure, and they do not support file and folder
compression, disk quotas, file encryption, or individual file
Open Windows Components Wizard. To do so, use the following
Click Start, click Control
Panel, and then click Add or Remove Programs.
Click Add/Remove Windows
In Components, select the
Networking Services check box, and then click
InSubcomponents of Networking Services,
select the Domain Name System (DNS) check box, click
OK, and then click Next.
If you are prompted, in Copy files from,
type the full path of the distribution files, and then click
Start the Configure Your Server Wizard. To do so, click
Start, point to All Programs, point to
Administrative Tools, and then click Configure Your
On the Server Role page, click DNS
server, and then click Next.
On the Summary of Selections page, view
and confirm the options that you have selected. The following items should
appear on this page:
Run the Configure a DNS Wizard to configure
If the Summary of Selections page lists
these two items, click Next. If the Summary of
Selections page does not list these two items, click
Back to return to the Server Role page, click
DNS, and then click Next.
When the Configure Your Server Wizard
installs the DNS service, it first determines whether the IP address for this
server is static or is configured automatically. If your server is currently
configured to obtain its IP address automatically, the Configuring
Components page of the Windows Components Wizard prompts you to
configure this server with a static IP address. To do so:
In the Local Area Connection
Properties dialog box, click Internet Protocol
(TCP/IP), and then click Properties.
In the Internet Protocols (TCP/IP)
Properties dialog box, click Use the following IP
address, and then type the static IP address, subnet mask, and default
gateway for this server.
In Preferred DNS, type the IP address
of this server.
In Alternate DNS, type the IP address
of another internal DNS server, or leave this box blank.
When you finish setting up the static addresses for
your DNS, click OK, and then click Close.
After you click Close, the Configure a DNS
Server Wizard starts. In the wizard, follow these steps:
On the Select Configuration Action
page, select the Create a forward lookup zone check box, and
then click Next.
To specify that this DNS hosts a DNS zone that contains
DNS resource records for your network resources, on the Primary Server
Location page, click This server maintains the zone,
and then click Next.
On the Zone Name page, in Zone
name, specify the name of the DNS zone for your network, and then
click Next. The name of the zone is the same as the name of
the DNS domain for your small organization or branch office.
On the Dynamic Update page, click
Allow both nonsecure and secure dynamic updates, and then
click Next. This makes sure that the DNS resource records for
the resources in your network update automatically.
On the Forwarders page, click
Yes, it should forward queries to DNS servers with the following IP
addresses, and then click Next. When you select this
configuration, you forward all DNS queries for DNS names outside your network
to a DNS at either your ISP or central office. Type one or more IP addresses
that either your ISP or central office DNS servers use.
On the Completing the Configure a DNS
Wizard page of the Configure a DNS Wizard, you can click
Back to change any of the settings. To apply your selections,
After you finish the Configure a DNS Wizard, the Configure Your
Server Wizard displays the This Server is Now a DNS Server
page. To review all the changes that you made to your server in the Configure
Your Server Wizard or to make sure that a new role was installed successfully,
click Configure Your Server log. The Configure Your Server
Wizard log is located at %systemroot%\Debug\Configure Your Server.log. To close
the Configure Your Server Wizard, click Finish.