This article applies to either a Microsoft Access database (.mdb) file or to a Microsoft Access database (.accdb) file, and to a Microsoft Access project (.adp) file. Moderate: Requires basic macro, coding, and interoperability skills.
This article describes how to retrieve selected items from a multiple selection list box and then store the selected items as a comma-delimited string in Microsoft Access.
In Microsoft Access, the value of the MultiSelect property of the list box in a form or in a report determines whether the list box is a single selection list box or a multiple selection list box. In a multiple selection list box, you can select multiple list items at one time.
You can use the Value property of the list box to retrieve the selected item from the list box. However, when you use a multiple selection list box and you try to retrieve the selected items by using the Value property, the Value property returns Null.
You can retrieve the selected items in a multiple selection list box and then store the selected items as a comma-delimited string programmatically. To do this, follow these steps:
Start Microsoft Access.
Open the Northwind sample database.
In the Objects section of the Database window, click Forms.
Note In Access 2007, click Form Design in the Forms group on the Create tab.
In the right pane, double-click Create form in Design view.
Note In Access 2007, skip this step.
Add the following controls to the form, and then set the properties of controls as specified:
List Box ---------------------------------------------------- Name : NamesList Row Source Type : Table/Query Row Source : SELECT FirstName FROM Employees Multi Select : Extended Width : 3.5" Height : 0.75" Text Box ----------------------- Name : mySelections Width : 3.5" Height : 0.25" Command Button ---------------------------------- Name : testmultiselect Caption : Display Selected Items Width : 1.375" Height : 0.3" Command Button ---------------------- Name : ClrList Caption : Clear List Width : 1.375" Height : 0.3"
On the View menu, click Code.
Note In Access 2007, click View Code in the Tools group on the Design tab.
Paste the following code in the Visual Basic Editor:
Option Compare DatabaseOption ExplicitPrivate Sub Form_Current() Dim oItem As Variant Dim bFound As Boolean Dim sTemp As String Dim sValue As String Dim sChar As String Dim iCount As Integer Dim iListItemsCount As Integer sTemp = Nz(Me!mySelections.Value, " ") iListItemsCount = 0 bFound = False iCount = 0 Call clearListBox For iCount = 1 To Len(sTemp) + 1 sChar = Mid(sTemp, iCount, 1) If StrComp(sChar, ",") = 0 Or iCount = Len(sTemp) + 1 Then bFound = False Do If StrComp(Trim(Me!NamesList.ItemData(iListItemsCount)), Trim(sValue)) = 0 Then Me!NamesList.Selected(iListItemsCount) = True bFound = True End If iListItemsCount = iListItemsCount + 1 Loop Until bFound = True Or iListItemsCount = Me!NamesList.ListCount sValue = "" Else sValue = sValue & sChar End If Next iCountEnd Sub Private Sub clearListBox() Dim iCount As Integer For iCount = 0 To Me!NamesList.ListCount Me!NamesList.Selected(iCount) = False Next iCountEnd SubPrivate Sub testmultiselect_Click() Dim oItem As Variant Dim sTemp As String Dim iCount As Integer iCount = 0 If Me!NamesList.ItemsSelected.Count <> 0 Then For Each oItem In Me!NamesList.ItemsSelected If iCount = 0 Then sTemp = sTemp & Me!NamesList.ItemData(oItem) iCount = iCount + 1 Else sTemp = sTemp & "," & Me!NamesList.ItemData(oItem) iCount = iCount + 1 End If Next oItem Else MsgBox "Nothing was selected from the list", vbInformation Exit Sub 'Nothing was selected End If Me!mySelections.Value = sTempEnd Sub Private Sub clrList_Click() Call clearListBox Me!mySelections.Value = NullEnd Sub
Close the Visual Basic Editor.
Save the form as Form1.
Close the form.
Open the Form1 form in Form view:
In the Objects section of the Database Window, click Forms.
Note In Access 2007, in the navigation pane, click the Forms group.
In the right pane, right-click Form1, and then click Open.
Note In Access 2007, right-click Form1, and then click Open.
Select multiple items in the list box. To do this, click an item in the list box, hold down the CTRL key, and then click more items in the list box.
Click Display Selected Items.
The items that are selected from the multiple selection list box are displayed as a comma-delimited string in the text box.
Microsoft provides programming examples for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied. This includes, but is not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. This article assumes that you are familiar with the programming language that is being demonstrated and with the tools that are used to create and to debug procedures. Microsoft support engineers can help explain the functionality of a particular procedure, but they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality or construct procedures to meet your specific requirements.
For additional information about how to retrieve the selected items from a multi-select list box in a data access page, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
225098 ACC2000: How to Retrieve Selected Values from a Multiple Selection List Box in a Data Access Page