Article ID: 89727 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q89727
Locating files on your hard drive can be accomplished with the MS-DOS ATTRIB and CHKDSK commands. With MS-DOS 5.0, 6.0, or 6.2, you can locate files using the DIR command. These commands are also very useful when searching for multiple copies of a file.
The MS-DOS 5.0 and later internal command DIR provides an /S option that allows you to search all subdirectories for occurrences of the specified file. For example, the following command will find the COMMAND.COM file in every directory on the C drive:
dir c:\command.com /sIn MS-DOS versions 3.3 and later, the MS-DOS external command ATTRIB can be used to check for the existence of a file on a specific drive. The following command issued from the root directory (C:\>) will find the COMMAND.COM file in every directory on drive C and display their attributes:
attrib c:\command.com /sNOTE: When using DIR or ATTRIB, you must specify that the search start at the root path in order to search the entire drive, or you can specify a pathname if you want to restrict the search to a certain branch of the directory tree.
With MS-DOS versions 2.0 and later, you can locate a file on a drive by using the MS-DOS external commands CHKDSK and FIND. For example, the following will find COMMAND.COM:
chkdsk c: /v | find "COMMAND.COM"Note: Because the FIND command is case sensitive, you must specify the filename in capital letters. Also, because the pipe creates a temporary file, you must have write access to the current disk/directory.
When using the DIR and ATTRIB commands, issue the command from the root directory to include all locations of the file on a disk. When using the CHKDSK command, all copies of the file are displayed regardless of the directory you're in.
Article ID: 89727 - Last Review: November 16, 2006 - Revision: 2.1
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This article was written about products for which Microsoft no longer offers support. Therefore, this article is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.