This article was previously published under Q89727
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Locating files on your hard drive can be accomplished with the MS-DOSATTRIB and CHKDSK commands. With MS-DOS 5.0, 6.0, or 6.2, you can locatefiles using the DIR command. These commands are also very useful whensearching for multiple copies of a file.
The MS-DOS 5.0 and later internal command DIR provides an /S option thatallows you to search all subdirectories for occurrences of the specifiedfile. For example, the following command will find the COMMAND.COM file inevery directory on the C drive:
dir c:\command.com /s
In MS-DOS versions 3.3 and later, the MS-DOS external command ATTRIB can beused to check for the existence of a file on a specific drive. Thefollowing command issued from the root directory (C:\>) will find theCOMMAND.COM file in every directory on drive C and display theirattributes:
attrib c:\command.com /s
NOTE: When using DIR or ATTRIB, you must specify that the search startat the root path in order to search the entire drive, or you canspecify a pathname if you want to restrict the search to a certainbranch of the directory tree.
With MS-DOS versions 2.0 and later, you can locate a file on a driveby using the MS-DOS external commands CHKDSK and FIND. For example,the following will find COMMAND.COM:
chkdsk c: /v | find "COMMAND.COM"
Note: Because the FIND command is case sensitive, you must specify thefilename in capital letters. Also, because the pipe creates atemporary file, you must have write access to the currentdisk/directory.
When using the DIR and ATTRIB commands, issue the command from theroot directory to include all locations of the file on a disk. Whenusing the CHKDSK command, all copies of the file are displayedregardless of the directory you're in.
Microsoft MS-DOS 2.11 Standard Edition, Microsoft MS-DOS 3.1, Microsoft MS-DOS 3.2 Standard Edition, Microsoft MS-DOS 3.21 Standard Edition, Microsoft MS-DOS 3.3 Standard Edition, Microsoft MS-DOS 3.3a, Microsoft MS-DOS 4.0 Standard Edition, Microsoft MS-DOS 4.01 Standard Edition, Microsoft MS-DOS 5.0 Standard Edition, Microsoft MS-DOS 5.0a, Microsoft MS-DOS 6.0 Standard Edition, Microsoft MS-DOS 6.2 Standard Edition, Microsoft MS-DOS 6.21 Standard Edition, Microsoft MS-DOS 6.22 Standard Edition