The Icacls.exe utility is available for Windows Server 2003 with Service Pack 2
Currently, you can use the Xcacls.exe utility, the Cacls.exe utility, and the Xcacls.vbs utility to modify NTFS permissions in Windows Server 2003. The Icacls.exe utility is an alternative option for modifying NTFS permissions. The Icacls.exe utility resolves various issues that occur when you use the existing utilities.
The Icacls.exe utility is included in Windows Vista and in Windows Server 2003 SP2.
Syntax for the Icacls.exe utilityTo see the following syntax information, type icacls.exe /? at a command prompt.
ICACLS name /save aclfile [/T] [/C] store the acls for all matching names into aclfile for later use with /restore.ICACLS directory [/substitute SidOld SidNew [...]] /restore aclfile [/C] applies the stored acls to files in directory.ICACLS name /setowner user [/T] [/C] changes the owner of all matching names.ICACLS name /findsid Sid [/T] [/C] finds all matching names that contain an ACL explicitly mentioning Sid.ICACLS name /verify [/T] [/C] finds all files whose ACL is not in canonical form or whose lengths are inconsistent with ACE counts.ICACLS name /resize [/T] [/C] [/L] changes incorrect recorded lengths of ACLs to true lengths.ICACLS name /reset [/T] [/C] replaces acls with default inherited acls for all matching files.ICACLS name [/grant[:r] Sid:perm[...]] [/deny Sid:perm [...]] [/remove[:g|:d]] Sid[...]] [/T] [/C] /grant[:r] Sid:perm grants the specified user access rights. With :r, the permissions replace any previously granted explicit permissions. Without :r, the permissions are added to any previously granted explicit permissions. /deny Sid:perm explicitly denies the specified user access rights. An explicit deny ACE is added for the stated permissions and the same permissions in any explicit grant are removed. /remove[:[g|d]] Sid removes all occurrences of Sid in the acl. With :g, it removes all occurrences of granted rights to that Sid. With :d, it removes all occurrences of denied rights to that Sid.Note: Sids may be in either numeric or friendly name form. If a numeric form is given, affix a * to the start of the SID. /T indicates that this operation is performed on all matching files/directories below the directories specified in the name. /C indicates that this operation will continue on all file errors. Error messages will still be displayed. ICACLS preserves the canonical ordering of ACE entries: Explicit denials Explicit grants Inherited denials Inherited grants perm is a permission mask and can be specified in one of two forms: a sequence of simple rights: F - full access M - modify access RX - read and execute access R - read-only access W - write-only access a comma-separated list in parentheses of specific rights: D - delete RC - read control WDAC - write DAC WO - write owner S - synchronize AS - access system security MA - maximum allowed GR - generic read GW - generic write GE - generic execute GA - generic all RD - read data/list directory WD - write data/add file AD - append data/add subdirectory REA - read extended attributes WEA - write extended attributes X - execute/traverse DC - delete child RA - read attributes WA - write attributes inheritance rights may precede either form and are applied only to directories: (OI) - object inherit (CI) - container inherit (IO) - inherit only (NP) - don't propagate inheritExamples: icacls c:\windows\* /save AclFile /T - Will save the ACLs for all files under c:\windows and its subdirectories to AclFile. icacls c:\windows\ /restore AclFile - Will restore the Acls for every file within AclFile that exists in c:\windows and its subdirectories icacls file /grant Administrator:(D,WDAC) - Will grant the user Administrator Delete and Write DAC permissions to file icacls file /grant *S-1-1-0:(D,WDAC) - Will grant the user defined by sid S-1-1-0 Delete and Write DAC permissions to file
Other available utilities to modify NTFS permissionsFor more information about other utilities that you can use to modify NTFS permissions, click the following article numbers to view the articles in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
Article ID: 919240 - Last Review: 10/09/2011 02:58:00 - Revision: 4.0
- kbwinserv2003presp2fix kbexpertiseinter kbfix kbqfe KB919240