Article ID: 94202 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q94202
In Microsoft Excel, when you concatenate cells, you receive a #VALUE! error if the Transition Formula Evaluation (TFE) option in version 5.0 or the Alternate Expression Evaluation (AEE) option in version 4.0 is enabled and one of the concatenated cells is blank or contains a number.
This behavior also occurs with the INDIRECT function when you use concatenated cells. For example, the formula
returns A6 if B1 has a value of six and TFE or AEE is not selected. The formula returns the #VALUE! error if TFE or AEE is selected.
To avoid receiving the #VALUE! error, do either of the following.
Disable the TFE or AEE option.NOTE: Make a backup copy of your worksheet. (If you disable alternate expression evaluation, the values calculated on your worksheet may change. If you have a backup copy of your worksheet, you can compare the earlier version of your worksheet with the updated version and make sure that your calculations are correct.)
Microsoft Excel 98 Macintosh EditionTo disable the TFE or AEE option, follow these steps:
Microsoft Excel Version 5.0To disable the TFE or AEE option, follow these steps:
Microsoft Excel Version 4.0To disable the TFE or AEE option, follow these steps:
Use the TEXT FunctionTo concatenate cells while TFE or AEE is enabled, use the TEXT function in any concatenation formulas with cells that contain numeric values or are blank, as in the following example:
The above formula combines the contents of cell A1 with the contents of cell A2, and uses the TEXT function to ensure that the contents of cell A2 are interpreted as text. The IF statement ensures that the cell is formatted correctly based on whether cell A2 is blank or contains a number.
If Transition Formula Evaluation or Alternate Expression Evaluation is selected, the worksheet is calculated based on the Lotus 1-2-3 rules for evaluating expressions instead of the Microsoft Excel rules. This option is automatically selected when you open a Lotus 1-2-3 worksheet in Microsoft Excel.
"User's Guide 1," version 4.0, page 57
"User's Guide 2," version 4.0, page 237
"Function Reference," version 4.0, page 431
Article ID: 94202 - Last Review: August 15, 2005 - Revision: 1.3
Retired KB Content Disclaimer
This article was written about products for which Microsoft no longer offers support. Therefore, this article is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.