FIX: ISA Server 2006 may be overloaded with authorization attempts after you apply hotfix 955113

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Consider the following scenario:
  • You use Microsoft Internet Security and Acceleration (ISA) Server 2006 and enable VPN Client access.
  • The ISA Server 2006 computer is a member server of an Active Directory forest that has a one-way trust to another forest in which the VPN user accounts exist.
  • You have configured all rules that allow traffic from the VPN clients to other networks without any authentication.
  • You have applied hotfix 955113 to enable the traffic from those VPN clients.
In this scenario, the traffic from the VPN clients is forwarded correctly. However, ISA Server may be overloaded with authorization attempts.
Before ISA Server checks the policy rules to determine whether traffic is allowed, it tries to create an authorization context for the client. When the client is from another forest that has a one-way trust, ISA Server cannot create that context. Therefore, ISA Server repeatedly tries to create the context for every new session. Depending on the number of sessions from the VPN clients, these attempts may overload ISA Server and cause packets to be dropped.
To resolve this problem, follow these steps:
  1. Apply the hotfix that is mentioned in the following Microsoft Knowledge Base article:
    956925 Description of the ISA Server 2006 hotfix package: August 20, 2008
  2. Start Notepad, and then copy the following script into a Notepad file.
    Const SE_VPS_GUID = "{143F5698-103B-12D4-FF34-1F34767DEabc}"Const SE_VPS_NAME = "EnableAuthZNULLContextCaching"Const SE_VPS_VALUE = trueSub SetValue()    ' Create the root obect.    Dim root  ' The FPCLib.FPC root object    Set root = CreateObject("FPC.Root")    'Declare the other objects needed.    Dim array       ' An FPCArray object    Dim VendorSets  ' An FPCVendorParametersSets collection    Dim VendorSet   ' An FPCVendorParametersSet object    ' Get references to the array object    ' and the network rules collection.    Set array = root.GetContainingArray    Set VendorSets = array.VendorParametersSets    On Error Resume Next    Set VendorSet = VendorSets.Item( SE_VPS_GUID )    If Err.Number <> 0 Then        Err.Clear        ' Add the item        Set VendorSet = VendorSets.Add( SE_VPS_GUID )        CheckError        WScript.Echo "New VendorSet added... " & VendorSet.Name    Else        WScript.Echo "Existing VendorSet found... value- " &  VendorSet.Value(SE_VPS_NAME)    End If    if VendorSet.Value(SE_VPS_NAME) <> SE_VPS_VALUE Then        Err.Clear        VendorSet.Value(SE_VPS_NAME) = SE_VPS_VALUE        If Err.Number <> 0 Then            CheckError        Else            VendorSets.Save false, true            CheckError            If Err.Number = 0 Then                WScript.Echo "Done with " & SE_VPS_NAME & ", saved!"            End If        End If    Else        WScript.Echo "Done with " & SE_VPS_NAME & ", no change!"    End IfEnd SubSub CheckError()    If Err.Number <> 0 Then        WScript.Echo "An error occurred: 0x" & Hex(Err.Number) & " " & Err.Description        Err.Clear    End IfEnd SubSetValue
  3. Save the file as a Microsoft Visual Basic script file by using the .vbs file name extension. For example, save the file by using the following name:
  4. Copy the .vbs file to the computer that is running ISA Server 2006, and then double-click the file.
After you apply these steps, ISA Server 2006 caches the negative responses from the AuthZ API and only tries to create the security context one time for each user.
Microsoft has confirmed that this is a problem in the Microsoft products that are listed in the "Applies to" section.
For more information about software update terminology, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
824684 Description of the standard terminology that is used to describe Microsoft software updates

Article ID: 956922 - Last Review: 01/15/2015 16:05:43 - Revision: 1.0

Microsoft Internet Security and Acceleration Server 2006 Service Pack 1

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