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Within SQLCLR context, a user-coded .NET object that connects to its host instance using the special “Context Connection” (which internally calls SqlInternalConnection) will momentarily take a .NET lock on a SqlInternalConnectionSmi object. If a client time-out happens for the SPID that initiated the Context Connection when the lock is held, it will generate a full .NET Appdomain upload. All the .NET activity taking place inside this AppDomain will therefore be interrupted.
To check the number of AppDomains loaded on your SQL Server, please refer to the sys.dm_clr_appdomains System View and its documentation.
This scenario can be broadened to any .NET mechanism that takes synchblock locks and which get interrupted by an exception, likely ThreadAbort (TA).
This behavior is by design.
Many .NET classes rely on a .NET SynchBlock mechanism to enforce thread synchronization. In order to avoid shared structures’ corruptions or ressources leaks within the SQL Server process space, the decision has been made to unload the whole AppDomain when any .NET thread owning such a lock hits a ThreadAbortException. This will clean the shared context. In our scenario, the ThreadAbortException is the expected server-side consequence of a client time-out.
This decision was made because the consistency and reliability of the whole SQL Server process are more important than failing a particular subset of .NET activities.
Because of the time-dependant aspect of the scenario, it is a rare issue that will happen unsystematically during high SQLCLR load.
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