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Source: Microsoft Support
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When a Windows Server 2003 or a Windows XP computer tries to join a Windows Server 2003 domain, the following error message is received:
The following error occurred attempting to join the domain "domain_name":
Access is denied.
In the Netsetup.log file, I get the following:
09/21 15:09:19 NetpValidateName: checking to see if 'domain_name' is valid as type 3 name
09/21 15:09:19 NetpCheckDomainNameIsValid [ Exists ] for 'domain_name' returned 0x0
09/21 15:09:19 NetpValidateName: name 'domain_name' is valid for type 3
09/21 15:09:19 NetpDsGetDcName: trying to find DC in domain 'domain_name', flags: 0x1020
09/21 15:09:22 NetpDsGetDcName: failed to find a DC having account 'account': 0x525 -> Access denied
09/21 15:09:22 NetpDsGetDcName: found DC '\\DC-NM.domain_name' in the specified domain
09/21 15:09:22 NetUseAdd to \\DC-NM.domain_name\IPC$ returned 5
09/21 15:09:22 NetpJoinDomain: status of connecting to dc '\\DC-NM.domain_name': 0x5
09/21 15:09:22 NetpDoDomainJoin: status: 0x5
On the member server or client machine, we enabled the following policies:
Microsoft network client: Digitally sign communications (if server agrees)
Microsoft network server: Digitally sign communications (if client agrees)
After that, we rebooted the member servers or client machines. Then we successfully joined those machines to the domain.
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Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Web Edition, Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition (32-bit x86), Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter x64 Edition, Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition (32-bit x86), Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise x64 Edition, Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition (32-bit x86), Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard x64 Edition, Microsoft Windows XP Professional