FIX: Error message when you run an ALTER INDEX statement on a table that has CDC enabled in SQL Server 2008: "Msg 22983: The unique index <Index Name> on source table <Table Name> is used by Change Data Capture"

Microsoft distributes Microsoft SQL Server 2008 fixes as one downloadable file. Because the fixes are cumulative, each new release contains all the hotfixes and all the security fixes that were included with the previous SQL Server 2008 fix release.
SYMPTOMS
In Microsoft SQL Server 2008, you have a table that has Change Data Capture (also known as CDC) enabled. You try to run an ALTER INDEX statement on this table. In this scenario, you receive the following error message:
Msg 22983, Level 16, State 1, Procedure sp_cdc_ddl_event_internal, Line 77

The unique index '<Index Name>' on source table '<Table Name>' is used by Change Data Capture. To alter or drop the index, you must first disable Change Data Capture on the table.

Msg 3609, Level 16, State 2, Line 1

The transaction ended in the trigger. The batch has been aborted.
RESOLUTION
The fix for this issue was first released in Cumulative Update 6 for SQL Server 2008 Service Pack 1. For more information about this cumulative update package, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
977443 Cumulative update package 6 for SQL Server 2008 Service Pack 1
Note Because the builds are cumulative, each new fix release contains all the hotfixes and all the security fixes that were included with the previous SQL Server 2008 fix release. We recommend that you consider applying the most recent fix release that contains this hotfix. For more information, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
970365 The SQL Server 2008 builds that were released after SQL Server 2008 Service Pack 1 was released
Microsoft SQL Server 2008 hotfixes are created for specific SQL Server service packs. You must apply a SQL Server 2008 Service Pack 1 hotfix to an installation of SQL Server 2008 Service Pack 1. By default, any hotfix that is provided in a SQL Server service pack is included in the next SQL Server service pack.
WORKAROUND
To work around this problem, use one of the following methods.

Method 1

Use the DBCC DBREINDEX statement instead of the ALTER INDEX statement.

Method 2

Use the ALL argument, and do not specify the index name in the ALTER INDEX statement.
STATUS
Microsoft has confirmed that this is a problem in the Microsoft products that are listed in the "Applies to" section.
REFERENCES
For information about the Incremental Servicing Model for SQL Server, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
935897 An Incremental Servicing Model is available from the SQL Server team to deliver hotfixes for reported problems


For more information about the naming schema for SQL Server updates, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
822499New naming schema for Microsoft SQL Server software update packages


For more information about software update terminology, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
824684 Description of the standard terminology that is used to describe Microsoft software updates
Properties

Article ID: 977076 - Last Review: 01/18/2010 09:59:48 - Revision: 1.0

Microsoft SQL Server 2008 Standard, Microsoft SQL Server 2008 Enterprise, Microsoft SQL Server 2008 Developer, Microsoft SQL Server 2008 Workgroup

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