Comprehensive List of MS-DOS 6 Documentation Errors

This article was previously published under Q99280
This article has been archived. It is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.
Summary
This article contains information on the documentation errors in the"User's Guide," MS-DOS Help, "Technical Reference," VSAFE Help,Microsoft Anti-Virus Help, and Defrag help.

The following topics are covered:

"User's Guide" Errors

  • To obtain a user identification code for the BBS
  • Page 160 "To Free Enough Conventional Memory to Run MemMaker"
  • English (International) Keyboard Code Listed as "+"
  • Page 163: "<Double Buffering>"
  • BUSETUP Runs from Drive A Only
  • Page 104: Holding SHIFT at Startup Displays a Message

MS-DOS 6 Help Errors

  • Backup does not Support Automatic/Regular Basis Backups
  • EMM386 Page Frame (Pn=) Valid Range is not 0 through 255
  • Incomplete List of Files Copied with FORMAT /S
  • Incomplete List of Files Copied with SYS command
  • Online Help Incorrectly Defines MSAV Check All Files
  • Online Help Gives Incorrect LASTDRIVE Default Value
  • Question Mark After Blank Space Results in Error Message
  • MS-DOS 6 Help for SMARTDrive (BufferSize)
  • Error in MS-DOS Help Example for the MENUCOLOR Command
  • PRINT Command /S: <ticks3> Switch
  • Setup /I Disables Video Detection Only, Not Hardware Detection
  • Incorrect Statement Regarding VERIFY

Microsoft "User's Guide" and MS-DOS 6 Help Errors

  • NUMLOCK Is Independent of Other Multiple-Configuration Commands
  • DMA Default Value Is 32

"Technical Reference" Errors

  • "Technical Reference" - Page 3
  • "Technical Reference" - Page 13, Incorrect Compression Example
  • "Technical Reference" - Page 14 "A CVF Is Just a Hidden, Read-Only File..."
  • "Technical Reference" - Page 32
  • "Technical Reference" - Page 177
  • "Technical Reference" - Page 229, Incomplete List of Files Copied with FORMAT /S
  • "Technical Reference" - Page 341, Incomplete List of Files Copied with SYS command
  • "Technical Reference" - Page 347, Incorrect Value for SENTRY Directory
  • "Technical Reference" - Page 353, Incorrect Statement Regarding VERIFY

MS-DOS Utilities Online Help Errors

  • Defrag Help - FULL OPTIMIZE with MS-DOS Defragmenter (Defrag)
  • DoubleSpace Help: Drive Letter Memory Use Is Listed Incorrectly
  • Undelete Help: Incomplete
  • VSAFE Help: Incorrect VSAFE Memory Requirement
  • Anti-Virus Help: Incorrect Help Text
  • Anti-Virus Help: Misleading Help Text for /S Switch
  • MS Backup for Windows Help: Command-Line Syntax Error
  • Interlnq Help: Pinout Chart Is Incorrect
  • Undelete: Incorrect Value for SENTRY Directory

"USER'S GUIDE" ERRORS

"To obtain a user identification code for the BBS"

On page 277 of the MS-DOS 6 User's Guide (has the Roadmap book cover) andpage 255 of the MS-DOS User's Guide (has the MS-DOS logo book cover), theprocedure "To obtain a user identification code for the BBS" states in step2 to call (503) 531-8100 to obtain a user identification code in order todownload the most recent Microsoft Anit-Virus signatures.

Indentification codes are no longer required to obtain Microsoft Anti-Virussignatures. To obtain the most recent Microsoft Anti-Virus signtures, callCentral Point Software BBS at (503) 984-5366.

Page 160 "To Free Enough Conventional Memory to Run MemMaker"

On page 160 of the "User's Guide," the procedure titled "To freeenough conventional memory to run MemMaker" includes an error in step4. You are instructed to bypass all but the following commands in theCONFIG.SYS file:
   HIMEM.SYS   EMM386.EXE   SHELL				
If you bypass the command line loading CHKSTATE.SYS, the error messageis displayed and the procedure fails. To make this procedure workcorrectly, make sure you do not bypass CHKSTATE.SYS.

English (International) Keyboard Code Listed as "+"

Page 237 of the "User's Guide" incorrectly implies that the keyboardcode for English (International) is the PLUS SIGN (+) character.

There is no two-character keyboard code used for English(International); you simply use the default U.S. keyboard.

The PLUS SIGN is used in the "User's Guide" to indicate that there isno separate international keyboard for English (International).

"User's Guide" Page 163: "<Double Buffering>"

On page 163 of the "User's Guide," the fifth bullet in the section"Streamlining Your CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT Files" uses the term"<double buffering>."

It should say "<SMARTDRV.EXE>."

BUSETUP Runs from Drive A Only

Page 5 of the "User's Guide" indicates that you can use the BUSETUP /Ecommand to install the optional utilities from either drive A or driveB.

This information is incorrect, you can run BUSETUP from drive A only.

Page 104: Holding SHIFT at Startup Displays a Message

Page 104 of the "MS-DOS 6 User's Guide" incorrectly states thatholding down the SHIFT key (to perform a Clean Start) causes thefollowing message to be displayed:
MS-DOS is bypassing your CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT files.
Although MS-DOS does bypass your CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT files, itdoes not display the above message when you hold down the SHIFT key.This message is displayed only when you press the F5 key.

MICROSOFT MS-DOS 6 HELP ERRORS

Backup Does Not Support Automatic/Regular Basis Backups

MS-DOS 6.0 Help states the following:
You can back up all files on a disk or files that have changed since your last backup, schedule backups so they are done automatically on a regular basis, and restore files that you have backed up.
This is incorrect. You cannot "schedule backups so they are doneautomatically on a regular basis" with Microsoft Backup.

EMM386 Page Frame (Pn=) Valid Range Is Not 0 Through 255

Help incorrect states zero (0) through 255 is the valid range for thePn= parameter. The valid parameters for Pn= are 0, 1, 2, 3, 254, and255.

Incomplete List of Files Copied with FORMAT /S

The explanation of the FORMAT command indicates that issuing thecommand with the /S switch copies the IO.SYS, MSDOS.SYS, andCOMMAND.COM files from your system startup drive to your newlyformatted disk.

In addition to the files indicated, FORMAT /S copies the DBLSPACE.BINfile to your newly formatted disk.

Incomplete List of Files Copied with SYS Command

The explanation of the SYS command indicates that issuing the commandcreates a startup disk by copying the IO.SYS, MSDOS.SYS, andCOMMAND.COM files from your system startup drive to your newlyformatted disk.

In addition to the files indicated, SYS copies the DBLSPACE.BIN fileto the startup disk.

Online Help Incorrectly Defines MSAV Check All Files

In the Notes section of Microsoft Anti-Virus Help, the Check All Filesoption is incorrectly described as follows:
When the Check All Files option is selected, Anti-Virus for MS-DOS checks only files with the following extensions: .386, .APP, .BIN, .CMD, .DOM, .DLL, .DRV, .EXE, .FON, .ICO, .OV*, .PGM, .PIF, .PRG, .SYS.
It should state that only files with those extensions are checked whenthis option is NOT selected. When this option is selected, ALL filesare checked for viruses.

Online Help Gives Incorrect LASTDRIVE Default Value

The Notes section of LASTDRIVE Help incorrectly describes the defaultvalue for LASTDRIVE as "the letter following the last one in use."

It should state that the default value for LASTDRIVE is E: or the lastdrive specification in use.

Question Mark After Blank Space Results in Error Message

According to MS-DOS Help, you can insert a question mark character (?)just before the equal sign (=) to specify that MS-DOS is to ask forconfirmation before carrying out the command.

This works correctly as long as there are no spaces or parametersbetween the command and the question mark character.

For example, DEVICE?=C:\DOS\ANSI.SYS causes the following prompt to bedisplayed:
   DEVICE=C:\DOS\ANSI.SYS [Y,N]?				
However, if you have DEVICEHIGH /L:1,12048 ?=C:\DOS\ANSI.SYS, youreceive the following error message:
Bad or Missing ?
Error in CONFIG.SYS line <number>
Similarly, the command DOS ?=HIGH results in an error message.

To use the question mark character properly, place the question markcharacter immediately after the command, not immediately before theequal sign. For example:
   DEVICEHIGH? /L:1,12048 =C:\DOS\ANSI.SYS   DOS? = HIGH				

MS-DOS 6 Help for SMARTDrive (BufferSize)

The help text for SMARTDrive under /B:BufferSize says:
If an application reads 512K of information..."
It should state:
" If an application reads 512 bytes of information..."

Error in MS-DOS Help Example for the MENUCOLOR Command

If you are using an MS-DOS 6.0 multiple-configuration menu and you setthe MENUCOLOR command in the CONFIG.SYS file to match the exampleshown in MS-DOS Help, the menu color does not display.

The example in MS-DOS Help shows a space after the comma, which causesMS-DOS to stop reading the MENUCOLOR command when the CONFIG.SYS fileis processed. As a result, the menu color is not displayed.

To work around this problem, remove the space after the comma.

PRINT Command /S: <ticks3> Switch

The explanation for the MS-DOS PRINT command switch /S:<ticks3> onin the Microsoft on-line Help incorrectly states the following:
Increasing this value can speed up printing while slowing down other programs.
The <ticks3> value actually represents the CPU time (expressed intime-slice ticks) that passes before PRINT.EXE can use a tick to sendcharacters to the printer. If you increase this value, printing slowsbecause more of the CPU time is allotted to tasks other than printing.For example, if you set this value to 25, PRINT.EXE must wait 25 ticksbefore it can use one tick's worth of time to send characters to theprinter. A smaller value for the /S switch gives PRINT.EXE more of theCPU cycle and therefore speeds up printing.

Setup /I Disables Video Detection Only, Not Hardware Detection

The Setup /I switch is documented incorrectly. When you use the /?parameter, Setup displays the following:
   SETUP [/B] [/E] [/F] [/G [/H]] [/I] [/M] [/Q] [/U]   /B           Displays Setup screens in monochrome instead of color.   /E           Installs Windows and MS-DOS optional programs.   /F           Installs a minimal MS-DOS 6 system on a floppy disk.   /G           Does not create the Uninstall Disk and does not prompt                you when you need to update your network.   /H           Uses default Setup options.   /I           Turns off hardware detection.   /M           Installs a minimal MS-DOS 6 system.   /Q           Copies MS-DOS files to a hard disk.   /U           Installs MS-DOS even if Setup detects disk partitions                that might be incompatible with MS-DOS 6.				
Setup /I disables video detection only. To disable video detection andhardware detection (including FastDisk compatibility detection[borrowed from Windows Setup]), use the /I and /U parameters.

Incorrect Statement Regarding VERIFY

The VERIFY section of MS-DOS Help incorrectly states:
You can use VERIFY either from the command line or the CONFIG.SYS.
The correct statement is:
You can use VERIFY from the command line or the AUTOEXEC.BAT.

"USER'S GUIDE" AND MICROSOFT MS-DOS 6 HELP ERRORS

NUMLOCK Is Independent of Other Multiple-Configuration Commands

Both the "User's Guide" and MS-DOS Help document the NUMLOCK commandas a special CONFIG.SYS command for defining startup menus andmultiple configurations. Although NUMLOCK is valid in multipleconfigurations, it can be used independent of multi-config commands.

The "User's Guide," Appendix A, page 249 states the following:
NUMLOCK

Specifies whether the NUMLOCK setting on your numeric keypad is set to ON or OFF. You can use this command only within a menu block in your CONFIG.SYS file.
The first sentence above is correct; the second sentence is not.NUMLOCK is a valid command anywhere in your CONFIG.SYS file.

MS-DOS Help (accessed by typing help numlock at the MS-DOS command prompt) states the following:
Related Commands

The NUMLOCK command is one of six special CONFIG.SYS commands for defining startup menus and multiple configurations.
This is also inaccurate. The NUMLOCK command has is unrelated to theuse of startup menus and multiple configurations. It is a validCONFIG.SYS command whether or not you are defining menus or multipleconfigurations.

DMA Default Value Is 32

MS-DOS Help and page 209 of the "Technical Reference" state thefollowing in the EMM386.EXE section:
D=nnn

Specifies how many kilobytes of memory should be reserved for buffered direct memory access (DMA). Discounting floppy-disk DMA, this value should reflect the largest DMA transfer that will occur while EMM386 is active. Valid values for nnn are in the range 16 through 256. The default value is 16.
This is incorrect, the default value is 32.

"TECHNICAL REFERENCE" ERRORS

"Technical Reference" - Page 3

On page 3, the "Technical Reference" incorrectly states:
For example, if your MS-DOS files are in C:\DOS, Setup might add the following lines to the [386Enh] section of your PROGMAN.INI:
The statement should read:
For example, if your MS-DOS files are in C:\DOS, Setup might add the following lines to the [386Enh] section of your SYSTEM.INI:

"Technical Reference" - Page 13

The example of how DoubleSpace compresses "The rain in Spain falls mainlyon the plain," found on page 13 of the "Technical Reference," is incorrect.The correct representation of the compressed sentence is:
The rain <3,3>Sp<9,4>falls m<11,3>ly on t<34,3>pl<15,3>.
NOTE: The difference is in the fourth offset; in the "Technical Reference"it is shown as 37, it should be 3.

"Technical Reference": Page 14 - "A CVF Is Just a Hidden,Read-Only File..."

On page 14 of the "Technical Reference," the second paragraph underthe section "How Does DoubleSpace Store Compressed Data on a Drive?"begins as follows:
A CVF is just a Hidden, Read-Only file until you mount it. Mounting a CVF establishes...
It should read as follows:
A CVF is just a Hidden, System, Read-Only file until you mount it. Mounting a CVF establishes...

Technical Reference - Page 32

The third bit flag definition on page 32 of the "Technical Reference"appears as follows:
   micapDECOMPRESS   equ  0000000000000010b ; Standard compress				
It should read:
   micapDECOMPRESS   equ  0000000000000010b ; Standard decompress				

Technical Reference - Page 177

On page 177 of the "Technical Reference," the "Examples" sectioncontains improper command syntax.

It incorrectly states:
   device=c:\\DOS\\himem.sys   device=c:\\DOS\\emm386.exe ram   DOS=umb				
It should read:
   device=c:\DOS\himem.sys   device=c:\DOS\emm386.exe ram   DOS=umb				

Incomplete List of Files Copied with FORMAT /S

The explanation of the FORMAT command on page 229 of the "TechnicalReference" for MS-DOS 6.0 indicates that issuing the command with the/S switch copies the IO.SYS, MSDOS.SYS, and COMMAND.COM files fromyour system startup drive to your newly formatted disk.

In addition to the files indicated, FORMAT /S copies the DBLSPACE.BINfile to your newly formatted disk.

Incomplete List of Files Copied with SYS Command

The explanation of the SYS command on page 341 of the "TechnicalReference" for MS-DOS 6.0 indicates that issuing the command creates astartup disk by copying the IO.SYS, MSDOS.SYS, and COMMAND.COM filesfrom your system startup drive to your newly formatted disk.

In addition to the files indicated, SYS copies the DBLSPACE.BIN file tothe startup disk.

Incorrect Value for SENTRY Directory

Page 347 of the "MS-DOS Technical Reference" incorrectly states:
The size of the SENTRY directory and its files is limited to approximately 7 percent of your hard disk space.
Actually, the size of the SENTRY directory and its files is limited toapproximately 20 percent of your hard disk space (by default). Page 349states this correctly.

Incorrect Statement Regarding VERIFY

The Verify section on page 353 of the "MS-DOS Technical Reference"incorrectly states:
You can use VERIFY either from the command line or the CONFIG.SYS.
The correct statement is:
You can use VERIFY from the command line or the AUTOEXEC.BAT file.

MS-DOS UTILITIES ONLINE HELP ERRORS

Degrag Help: FULL OPTIMIZE with MS-DOS Defragmenter (Defrag)

MS-DOS Defragmenter (Defrag) Help incorrectly states that the FULLOPTIMIZE option will move directories to the front of the disk.

DoubleSpace Help: Drive Letter Memory Use Is Listed Incorrectly

Under "Last drive reserved for Dblspace's use," MS-DOS DoubleSpaceHelp incorrectly states the following:
Each drive letter uses 24K of memory: to conserve memory, decrease this amount.
Actually, each drive letter uses 24 bytes of memory.

Undelete Help: Incomplete

The help topic displayed by UNFORMAT (when you use the /? parameter)is different than the information displayed by MS-DOS Help. UNFORMAT/? lists several switches such as /J and /PARTN that are omitted fromHELP UNFORMAT.

VSAFE Help: Incorrect VSAFE Memory Requirement

The online help for the VSAFE utility in MS-DOS 6.0 incorrectly statesthat VSAFE requires approximately 22 kilobytes (K) of memory foroperation. The correct memory requirement, 44K, is stated on page 72of the "User's Guide."

Anti-Virus Help: Incorrect Help Text

The following text in Microsoft Anti-Virus help is not relevant tothis release of Microsoft Anti-Virus:
Indexed (visible in Index):

After Microsoft Anti-Virus performs an action, a summary of thataction is recorded in the activity log. The activity log holds amaximum of 200 entries. When this limit is reached, the oldest entryis deleted each time a new activity is recorded.

Not-Indexed (visible only by scanning through the help windows):

The version of DOS you are using is not supported by MicrosoftAnti-Virus. Microsoft Anti-Virus requires DOS 3.3 and later.

A virus has been detected but could not be removed from the file.Please contact Microsoft about getting an update to MicrosoftAnti-Virus to clean the file.

The virus signature you have entered is incorrect. Verify that thedata you have entered is correct. Contact Microsoft if the problempersists.

Choose the Update Virus List command if you have information about anew virus. The data describes the virus "signature"--the unique set ofhexadecimal characters that distinguishes it from other programs orpieces of code.

Anti-Virus Help: Misleading Help Text for /S Switch

According to Microsoft Anti-Virus Help (MSAV /?), the /S switch scansthe disk and files for viruses and is always on by default. This istrue only when you specify more than one drive.

For example, if you type
msav c:
at the MS-DOS command prompt and then press ENTER, the MicrosoftAnti-Virus interface starts.

However, if you type
msav c: d:
at the MS-DOS command prompt and then press ENTER, the MicrosoftAnti-Virus interface starts, scans for viruses, and then returns tothe MS-DOS command prompt.

To scan only one drive from the MS-DOS command prompt (or from abatch file), be sure to use the /S parameter.

MS Backup for Windows Help: Command-Line Syntax Error

The online help for Microsoft Backup for Windows states the followingin the Command-Line Options section:
   Syntax   ------      WINBACK.EXE  [SETUP.SET] [/M]				
This help topic should read as follows:
   Syntax   ------      MWBACKUP.EXE [SETUP.SET] [/M]				

Interlnq Help: Pinout Chart Is Incorrect

The Pinout Chart under Notes is incorrect for 9-Pin to 9-Pin SerialConnections. The chart states to connect pin 6 to pin 4, and pin 4 topin 6. If this is done, the cable does not work properly.

If you leave pin 6 blank and connect pin 4 to pin 4, the cable workscorrectly.

Undelete: Incorrect Value for SENTRY Directory

The NOTES section of the Undelete online help incorrectly states:
The size of the SENTRY directory and its files is limited to approximately 7 percent of your hard disk space.
Actually, the size of the SENTRY directory and its files is limited toapproximately 20 percent of your hard disk space (by default). Further downin the same online help section under the "The UNDELETE.INI file" heading,the following information is correctly stated:
- The amount of total disk space reserved for deleted files. The following entry defines the default value:

percentage=20
6.00 6.20 doc err errors docerr documentation double space dblspace num lock multi config menu on-line mem virus vsafe.com multi-config keyb us virus vsafe.com msav.exe mwav anti mwbackup msbackup command reference fastdisk comprehensive nowin4
Properties

Article ID: 99280 - Last Review: 10/26/2013 12:03:00 - Revision: 3.0

  • Microsoft MS-DOS 6.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 6.2 Standard Edition
  • kbnosurvey kbarchive KB99280
Feedback