Returns a String containing the character associated with the specified character code.


Chr ( charcode )

The required charcode argument is a Long that identifies a character.


Numbers from 0 – 31 are the same as standard, nonprintable ASCII codes. For example, Chr(10) returns a linefeed character. The normal range for charcode is 0 – 255. However, on DBCSsystems, the actual range for charcode is -32768 to 65535.

Note: The ChrB function is used with byte data contained in a String. Instead of returning a character, which may be one or two bytes, ChrB always returns a single byte. The ChrW function returns a String containing the Unicode character except on platforms where Unicode is not supported, in which case, the behavior is identical to the Chr function.

Note:  Visual Basic for the Macintosh does not support Unicode strings. Therefore, ChrW(n) cannot return all Unicode characters for n values in the range of 128 – 65,535, as it does in the Windows environment. Instead, ChrW(n) attempts a "best guess" for Unicode values n greater than 127. Therefore, you should not use ChrW in the Macintosh environment.

Query examples



SELECT Chr(97) AS Expr1 FROM ProductSales GROUP BY Chr(97);

Returns the "Character" value for the ASCII code "97". Result: "a".

SELECT Chr(90) AS ChrValue FROM ProductSales GROUP BY Chr(90);

Returns the "Character" value for the ASCII code "90" in the column ChrValue. Result: "Z".

VBA example

Note: Examples that follow demonstrate the use of this function in a Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) module. For more information about working with VBA, select Developer Reference in the drop-down list next to Search and enter one or more terms in the search box.

This example uses the Chr function to return the character associated with the specified character code.

Dim MyChar
MyChar = Chr(65) ' Returns A.
MyChar = Chr(97) ' Returns a.
MyChar = Chr(62) ' Returns >.
MyChar = Chr(37) ' Returns %.

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