This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the ROWS function in Microsoft Excel.

Description

Returns the number of rows in a reference or array.

Syntax

ROWS(array)

The ROWS function syntax has the following argument:

  • Array    Required. An array, an array formula, or a reference to a range of cells for which you want the number of rows.

Example

Copy the example data in the following table, and paste it in cell A1 of a new Excel worksheet. For formulas to show results, select them, press F2, and then press Enter. If you need to, you can adjust the column widths to see all the data.

Formula

Description

Result

=ROWS(C1:E4)

Number of rows in the reference

4

=ROWS({1,2,3;4,5,6})

Number of rows in the array constant

2

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