FIX: Running JOIN on Three or More Tables is Slow

Exención de responsabilidades de contenido KB retirado

Este artículo se refiere a productos para los que Microsoft ya no ofrece soporte técnico. Por tanto, el presente artículo se ofrece "tal cual" y no será actualizado.

Symptoms

Running a SQL query that joins three or more tables in Visual FoxPro 5.0 is very slow. If Visual FoxPro 3.x is available for testing, this same query performs much faster by comparison. Using the new JOIN syntax with the SQL Select statement is also slow.

Cause

One or more of the tables have only one or only a few records that join with the other tables.

Resolution

The query speed can usually be increased by using the new SQL Select syntax in Visual FoxPro 5.0 for JOINS in conjunction with the FORCE keyword.


Using the sample SQL Select statements from step 3 under the Steps to Reproduce Behavior section below, the addition of the FORCE keyword makes the queries run much faster:
      SELECT * FROM FORCE test1 ;
INNER JOIN test2 ON test2.id = test1.id ;
INNER JOIN test3 ON test3.id = test2.id

SELECT * FROM FORCE test1 ;
INNER JOIN (test2 INNER JOIN test3 ON test3.id = test2.id );
ON test2.id =test1.id

Status

Microsoft has confirmed this to be a problem in the Microsoft products listed at the beginning of this article. This problem has been fixed in Visual FoxPro 5.0a.

More Information

This problem seems to occur when there is a join of three or more tables when there are only one or two records in one of the tables or there are only one or two records that have related records in the other tables. The tables also have to have a large number of records in them (30,000, 70,000 and 90,000). All of the table join scenarios that can exhibit the problem are not known.


If the slow query is allowed to run, it may fill the computer's hard drive with a large temporary file and the following program error message may be received:
There is not enough disk space for c:\temp\12345678.tmp

Steps to Reproduce Behavior

The following steps provide sample code that can be used to reproduce the problem. Press the Escape key to cancel the query in step 2 when desired.


  1. Place the code below in a program file and run it. The code creates three tables that will take up about 6.6 MG of disk space:
          CLOSE ALL
    SET ECHO OFF
    SET TALK OFF
    CREATE TABLE test1 (ID C(15),Dummy C(15))
    CREATE TABLE test2 (ID C(15),Dummy C(15))
    CREATE TABLE test3 (ID C(15),Dummy C(15))
    CLOSE ALL

    WAIT WINDOW NOWAIT "filling test1"
    USE test1
    INDEX ON ID TAG ID
    FOR x = 1 TO 71894
    APPEND BLANK
    REPLACE ID WITH SYS(2015)
    NEXT
    GO TOP
    REPLACE NEXT 2 ID WITH "TEST"

    WAIT WINDOW NOWAIT "filling test2"
    USE test2
    INDEX ON ID TAG ID
    FOR x = 1 TO 30622
    APPEND BLANK
    REPLACE ID WITH SYS(2015)
    NEXT
    GO TOP
    REPLACE NEXT 2 ID WITH "TEST"

    WAIT WINDOW NOWAIT "filling test3"
    USE test3
    INDEX ON ID TAG ID
    FOR x = 1 TO 90000
    APPEND BLANK
    REPLACE ID WITH SYS(2015)
    NEXT
    GO TOP
    REPLACE NEXT 2 ID WITH "TEST"
    CLOSE ALL
  2. Run the following query from a program file:
          SELECT * FROM test1,test2,test3 ;
    WHERE test1.id=test2.id AND test2.id=test3.id
  3. The following two SQL Select statements can also be used to reproduce the problem using the sample data created in step 1 above:
          SELECT * FROM test1 ;
    INNER JOIN test2 ON test2.id = test1.id ;
    INNER JOIN test3 ON test3.id = test2.id

    SELECT * FROM test1 ;
    INNER JOIN (test2 INNER JOIN test3 ON test3.id = test2.id );
    ON test2.id =test1.id

References

Microsoft Visual FoxPro "Developer's Guide" version 5.0, pages 214-215
Propiedades

Id. de artículo: 163420 - Última revisión: 10/16/2002 - Revisión: 1

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