How To Use Connectable Objects Including ActiveX Objects in Java


Connectable objects are COM objects that use a standard COM
mechanism for notifying clients that something has occurred or changed. ActiveX
controls and Automation objects use this mechanism to fire "events." Developer
environments such as Visual Basic and Visual C++ have built-in support for
these events.

The Microsoft SDK for Java 2.0 and later gives Java
client developers the ability to use these connectable objects and receive
their events.


A connectable object is a COM object that implements the
interface IConnectionPointContainer. A client application calls IConnectionPointContainer and FindConnectionPoint() to ask the object if it supports a specific type of connection
which is defined by a unique COM interface and ID. If the object supports that
connection type, the result is a pointer to an IConnectionPoint interface that
represents that specific connection type.

Now that the client
application has the object's IConnectionPoint interface for a specific type of
connection, the client can instruct the object to add the client as a recipient
for the connection's outgoing calls.

To do this, the client
application has to create a "sink" object, which is just a COM object that
implements the unique COM interface used by this connection. The client then
calls IConnectionPoint and Advise() and passes its sink to the connectable object. The object gives
the client a value called a "cookie" that represents this connection. When the
connectable object needs to notify the client application that some event has
occurred, it makes a call to the interface that is implemented on the clients
"sink" object. Later, when the client wants to disconnect from the object, the
client calls IConnectionPoint and Unadvise() and passes in the "cookie."

Fortunately for Java
developers, the Microsoft SDK for Java 2.0 and later versions make this process
much simpler. To attach a client written in Java to a connectable object, you
must first make the "sink" by creating a Java class that implements the COM
interface defined in the objects type library. After you have created an
instance of this "sink" class, you will use the class to make the "connection" between your sink and the
connectable object. All calls to the sink occur in the methods that are defined
on the COM interface.


NOTE: In order to compile the following code, you must use the latest
Java compiler that is included in SDK 2.0 or later (Jvc.exe version 1.02.4337
or later). The version of the compiler included with Visual J++ and SDK 1.5
will not work with the source produced by JActiveX.exe. For information on
about using the new Java compiler with Visual J++, see the "References" section
of this article.

To demonstrate this, use the Internet Explorer 4.0
COM object. Internet Explorer fires "events," or calls to a "sink" object
connected to it. Since Internet Explorer's type information includes the
description of the interface Internet Explorer uses as a sink, you need to
convert the type information into Java classes by using the JActiveX.exe tool.

Open a command prompt and set the current directory to
C:\<WINDIR>\SYSTEM[32]\. Make sure that the SDK-JAVA.20\BIN directory is
in the PATH, then type: JACTIVEX.EXE SHDOCVW.DLL This
produces a directory and many files under C:\<WINDIR>\JAVA\TRUSTLIB\. The
directory name is Shdocvw and the following list shows the
files that you need to know about:
These files are the wrapper classes for the Internet Explorer
4.0 COM object and its interfaces.

Notice the
file. This source file contains the interface definition for the sink required
to connect to Internet Explorer 4.0. The methods on the interface represent the
events that Internet Explorer "fires." This sink has many methods. The two that
we are concerned with for this sample are StatusTextChange(String Text) and OnQuit(). In order for a program to receive Internet Explorer's events,
you need to create a class that implements this interface.

Below is
an application that implements the DWebBrowserEvents2 interface:
import java.awt.*;import java.awt.event.*;import*;import*;import shdocvw.*;  // Import the IE40 package created by JactiveX.public class JavaConnect extends Frame   implements DWebBrowserEvents2, ActionListener{   IWebBrowser2 browser; // Member to hold IE COM object   TextField location; // Member on Frame for user to type in URL   TextArea out; // TextArea on Frame that shows Browser status text   ConnectionPointCookie cookie; // Cookie that connects your event                                 // "sink" to the browser   public static void main(String args[])   {      // Create an instance of this class. Resize and show.      final JavaConnect jc = new JavaConnect();      jc.addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {        public void windowClosing(WindowEvent e)        {           if (jc.browser != null)              jc.browser.Quit();        }      });      jc.setSize(400,400);;   }   public JavaConnect()   {      // Create an instance of IE and make it visible      browser = (IWebBrowser2)new InternetExplorer();      browser.setVisible(true);      // Create a ConnectionPoint between the browser      // and our DWebBrowserEvents2 interface      cookie = new ConnectionPointCookie(browser, this,                   shdocvw.DWebBrowserEvents2.class);      // Create a Panel for the Button and TextField      Panel northPanel = new Panel();      northPanel.setLayout(new BorderLayout());      // Create a Button, add yourself as its ActionListener      // and add it to the Panel      Button nav = new Button("Navigate");      nav.addActionListener(this);      northPanel.add("West", nav);      // Create a TextField and add it to the Panel      location = new TextField();      northPanel.add("Center", location);      // Add Panel to Frame      add("North", northPanel);      // Create a TextArea and add it to the Frame      out = new TextArea();      add("Center", out);   }   // ***********************************************************   // These methods are declared in the ActionListener interface.   // By implementing this interface, you can receive events   // from the button on the Frame.   public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e)   {      // Create a variant for use with the optional      // parameters of the Navigate2 method      Variant optional = new Variant();      optional.noParam();      // Call Navigate2 on IE      browser.Navigate2(new Variant(location.getText()),                            optional, optional, optional, optional);   }   // ***************************************************************   // These methods are declared in the DWebBrowserEvents2 interface.   // By implementing this interface and using a ConnectionPointCookie,   // you can receive events from Internet Explorer.   // Each method represents a different event that can come from   // Internet Explorer.   public void StatusTextChange(String Text)   {      // The status bar information has changed.      // Append this new status text to the TextArea.      out.append(Text+"\n");   }   public void ProgressChange(int Progress, int ProgressMax)   {}   public void CommandStateChange(int Command, boolean Enable)   {}   public void DownloadBegin()   {}   public void DownloadComplete()   {}   public void TitleChange(String Text)   {}   public void PropertyChange(String szProperty)   {}   public void BeforeNavigate2(Object pDisp, Variant URL,       Variant Flags, Variant TargetFrameName, Variant PostData,       Variant Headers, boolean[] Cancel)   {}   public void NewWindow2(Object[] ppDisp, boolean[] Cancel)   {}   public void NavigateComplete2(Object pDisp, Variant URL)   {}   public void DocumentComplete(Object pDisp, Variant URL)   {}   public void OnQuit()   {      // The user closed IE.      out.append("Quiting IE\n");      cookie = null;      // Manually release the browser COM object.      // This is not necessary, but ensures that no extra      // references to the COM object hang around after we      // exit the Java application.      ComLib.release(browser);      browser = null;      System.exit(0);   }   public void OnVisible(boolean Visible)   {}   public void OnToolBar(boolean ToolBar)   {}   public void OnMenuBar(boolean MenuBar)   {}   public void OnStatusBar(boolean StatusBar)   {}   public void OnFullScreen(boolean FullScreen)   {}   public void OnTheaterMode(boolean TheaterMode)   {}}
In the constructor, create a ConnectionPointCookie. The constructor parameters should be based on the following:
  • The COM object that is a connectable object.
  • A Java object that implements the sink
  • The Class object that represents the sink interface
In this application's case, you called
ConnectionPointCookie(browser, this, shdocvw.DWebBrowserEvents2.class).

The ConnectionPointCookie handles all of the COM complexities of
attaching the sink to the correct IConnectionPoint on the connectable object.

When this application is executed using the following you will see
two windows:
jview JavaConnect
One is a Java Frame that contains a TextField, a Button, and a
TextArea. The other is the Internet Explorer windows. On the Java Frame, enter
a URL in the TextField and click Navigate. You should notice the Internet
Explorer window load the URL you specified. As Internet Explorer loads the Web
page, the Status Bar at the bottom of the browser window changes to give the
user an updated status. This text is also echoed to the Java application
through the event mechanism. The applications StatusTextChange() method gets called each time. The StatusTextChange method appends the text to the bottom of the TextArea on the

By clicking on the window close button on the Browser, you
can send an OnQuit event to the Java application. The application responds by
releasing the Internet Explorer COM object and quitting.


For more information about connectable objects and
Automation events, see "Inside OLE" (Second Edition) by Kraig Brockschmidt,
Microsoft Press.

For more information about ConnectionPointCookie, see the Microsoft SDK for Java at the following Microsoft Web
site: For additional information about using
the new Java compiler with Visual J++, click the following article number to
view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
177165 INFO: Use New Java 1.1 Language Features with Visual J++ 1.1

Id. de artículo: 179849 - Última revisión: 02/14/2017 - Revisión: 1

Microsoft Visual J++ 1.0 Standard Edition, Microsoft Visual J++ 1.1 Standard Edition, Microsoft Software Development Kit for Java 2.02, Microsoft Software Development Kit for Java 2.02, Microsoft Software Development Kit for Java 2.01, Microsoft Software Development Kit for Java 2.02, Microsoft Software Development Kit for Java 2.02, Microsoft Software Development Kit for Java 3.0, Microsoft Software Development Kit for Java 3.1, Microsoft Software Development Kit for Java 3.2