January 12, 2021—KB4598279 (Monthly Rollup)

適用対象: Windows 7 Service Pack 1Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1Windows Embedded Standard 7 Service Pack 1

Improvements and fixes


This security update includes improvements and fixes that were a part of update KB4592471 (released December 8, 2020) and addresses the following issues:

  • Addresses a security bypass vulnerability that exists in the way the Printer Remote Procedure Call (RPC) binding handles authentication for the remote Winspool interface. For more information, see KB4599464.
  • Addresses a security vulnerability issue with HTTPS-based intranet servers. After you install this update, HTTPS-based intranet servers cannot leverage a user proxy to detect updates by default. Scans that use these servers will fail if the clients do not have a configured system proxy.

    If you must leverage a user proxy, you must configure the behavior by using the Windows Update policy Allow user proxy to be used as a fallback if detection using system proxy fails. To make sure that the highest levels of security, additionally leverage Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) Transport Layer Security (TLS) certificate pinning on all devices. For more information, see Changes to scans, improved security for Windows devices.

    Note This change does not affect customers who use HTTP WSUS servers.
  • Addresses an issue in which a principal in a trusted Managed Identity for Application (MIT) realm does not obtain a Kerberos Service ticket from Active Directory domain controllers (DCs). This issue occurs after Windows Updates that contains CVE-2020-17049 protections released between November 10 and December 8, 2020 are installed and PerfromTicketSignature is configured to 1 or higher. Ticket acquisition fails with KRB_GENERIC_ERROR if callers submit a PAC-less Ticket Granting Ticket (TGT) as an evidence ticket without providing the USER_NO_AUTH_DATA_REQUIRED flag.

  • Security updates to Windows App Platform and Frameworks, Windows Graphics, Windows Media, Windows Fundamentals, Windows Cryptography, Windows Virtualization, and Windows Hybrid Storage Services.

For more information about the resolved security vulnerabilities, please refer to the new Security Update Guide website.

Known issues in this update


Symptom 

Workaround 

After installing this update and restarting your device, you might receive the error, “Failure to configure Windows updates. Reverting Changes. Do not turn off your computer,” and the update might show as Failed in Update History.

This is expected in the following circumstances:

  • If you are installing this update on a device that is running an edition that is not supported for ESU. For a complete list of which editions are supported, see KB4497181.
  • If you do not have an ESU MAK add-on key installed and activated. 

If you have purchased an ESU key and have encountered this issue, please verify you have applied all prerequisites and that your key is activated. For information on activation, please see this blog post. For information on the prerequisites, see the "How to get this update" section of this article.

Certain operations, such as rename, that you perform on files or folders that are on a Cluster Shared Volume (CSV) may fail with the error, “STATUS_BAD_IMPERSONATION_LEVEL (0xC00000A5)”. This occurs when you perform the operation on a CSV owner node from a process that doesn’t have administrator privilege.

Do one of the following: 

  • Perform the operation from a process that has administrator privilege. 

  • Perform the operation from a node that doesn’t have CSV ownership. 

Microsoft is working on a resolution and will provide an update in an upcoming release. 

How to get this update


Before installing this update

IMPORTANT Customers who have purchased the Extended Security Update (ESU) for on-premises versions of these operating systems must follow the procedures in KB4522133 to continue receiving security updates after extended support ends. Extended support ends as follows:

  • For Windows 7 Service Pack 1 and Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1, extended support ends on January 14, 2020.
  • For Windows Embedded Standard 7, extended support ends on October 13, 2020.

For more information about ESU and which editions are supported, see KB4497181.

Note For Windows Embedded Standard 7, Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) must be enabled to get updates from Windows Update or Windows Server Update Services.

Prerequisite:

You must install the updates listed below and restart your device before installing the latest Rollup. Installing these updates improves the reliability of the update process and mitigates potential issues while installing the Rollup and applying Microsoft security fixes.

  1. The March 12, 2019 servicing stack update (SSU) (KB4490628). To get the standalone package for this SSU, search for it in the Microsoft Update Catalog. This update is required to install updates that are only SHA-2 signed.
  2. The latest SHA-2 update (KB4474419) released September 10, 2019. If you are using Windows Update, the latest SHA-2 update will be offered to you automatically. This update is required to install updates that are only SHA-2 signed. For more information on SHA-2 updates, see 2019 SHA-2 Code Signing Support requirement for Windows and WSUS.
  3. For Windows Thin PC, you must have the August 11, 2020 SSU (KB4570673) or a later SSU installed to make sure you continue to get the extended security updates starting with the October 13, 2020 updates.
  4. To get this security update, you must reinstall the "Extended Security Updates (ESU) Licensing Preparation Package" (KB4538483) or the "Update for the Extended Security Updates (ESU) Licensing Preparation Package" (KB4575903) even if you previously installed the ESU key. The ESU licensing preparation package will be offered to you from WSUS. To get the standalone package for ESU licensing preparation package, search for it in the Microsoft Update Catalog.

After you install the items above, we strongly recommend that you install the latest SSU (KB4592510). If you are using Windows Update, the latest SSU will be offered to you automatically if you are an ESU customer. To get the standalone package for the latest SSU, search for it in the Microsoft Update Catalog. For general information about SSUs, see Servicing stack updates and Servicing Stack Updates (SSU): Frequently Asked Questions.

Install this update

Release Channel Available Next Step
Windows Update and Microsoft Update Yes None. This update will be downloaded and installed automatically from Windows Update if you are an ESU customer.
Microsoft Update Catalog Yes To get the standalone package for this update, go to the Microsoft Update Catalog website.
Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) Yes

This update will automatically sync with WSUS if you configure Products and Classifications as follows:

Product:  Windows 7 Service Pack 1, Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1, Windows Embedded Standard 7 Service Pack 1, Windows Embedded POSReady 7, Windows Thin PC

Classification: Security Updates

 

File information

For a list of the files that are provided in this update, download the file information for cumulative update 4598279.